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CHAPTER 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation

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CHAPTER 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation Section 1: The American Values System Section 2: Social Control Section 3: Social Change Objectives: Identify the basic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CHAPTER 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation


1
CHAPTER 3 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation
  • Section 1 The American Values System
  • Section 2 Social Control
  • Section 3 Social Change

2
Objectives
Section 1 The American Values System
  • Identify the basic values that form the
    foundation of American culture.
  • Describe new values that have developed in the
    United States since the 1970s.

3
Basic Values of American Culture
Section 1 The American Values System
  • Personal Achievement built primarily by people
    that value individual achievement, as in the area
    of employment
  • Individualism success comes through hard work
    and initiative
  • Work Americans view discipline, dedication, and
    hard work as signs of virtue

4
Basic Values of American Culture
Section 1 The American Values System
(continued)
  • Morality and Humanitarianism Americans place a
    high value on morality and tend to view the world
    in terms of right and wrong quick to help the
    unfortunate
  • Efficiency and Practicality practical and
    inventive, every problem has a solution judge
    objects on their usefulness and people on their
    ability to get things done

5
Basic Values of American Culture
Section 1 The American Values System
(continued)
  • Progress and Material Comfort Americans believe
    that through hard work and determination living
    standards will continue to improve
  • Equality and Democracy to have human equality,
    there must be an equality of opportunity success
    is a reward that must be earned

6
Basic Values of American Culture
Section 1 The American Values System
(continued)
  • Freedom freedom of choice such as religion,
    speech, and press and protect them from
    government interference

7
Our Changing Values
Section 1 The American Values System
  • Self-fulfillment the commitment to the full
    development of ones personality, talents, and
    potential includes leisure, physical fitness and
    youthfulness
  • Environmental protection
  • Education and Religion were deemed important by
    students who were polled

8
Objectives
Section 2 Social Control
  • Identify how the norms of society are enforced.
  • Describe the differences between positive and
    negative sanctions and between formal and
    informal sanctions.

9
Enforcing the Norms of Society
Section 2 Social Control
  • Internalization process by which a norm becomes
    a part of an individuals personality thus
    conditioning that individual to conform to
    societys expectations
  • Sanctions rewards and punishments used to
    enforce conformity to the norms

10
Different Types of Sanctions
Section 2 Social Control
  • Positive Sanction action that rewards a
    particular kind of behavior such as good grades
    or a pay raise
  • Negative Sanction punishment or the threat of
    punishment to enforce conformity such as frowns,
    imprisonment, and even death

11
Different Types of Sanctions
Section 2 Social Control
(continued)
  • Formal Sanction rewards or punishments by a
    formal organization or regulatory agency such as
    the government and includes promotions, awards,
    or low grades
  • Informal Sanction spontaneous expression of
    approval or disapproval by an individual or group
    such as a standing ovation, gifts, gossip, or
    ridicule

12
Objectives
Section 3 Social Change
  • Identify and describe the main sources of social
    change.
  • Describe the factors that lead people to resist
    social change.

13
Main Sources of Social Change
Section 3 Social Change
  • Values and Beliefs are affected by ideology
    spread through social movements
  • Technology knowledge and tools people use to
    manipulate their environment
  • Population change in size of population may
    bring about changes in the culture
  • Diffusion the process of spreading culture
    traits from one society to another

14
Main Sources of Social Change
Section 3 Social Change
(continued)
  • Physical Environment the environment may
    provide conditions that encourage or discourage
    cultural change
  • Wars and Conquest are not common but bring
    about the greatest amount of change in the least
    amount of time

15
Factors Leading to Resisting Social Change
Section 3 Social Change
  • Ethnocentrism can lead to segregation
  • Cultural Lag a delay in cultural change such as
    the introduction and use of computers
  • Vested Interests might lead to a focus on
    maintaining budgets over a focus on providing a
    quality education and instruction
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