Ethics = Morality - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ethics = Morality

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Ethics = Morality Some draw a distinction, but no distinction is generally recognized. Philosophers use the terms interchangeably A Moral Dilemma: 3 Patients All 3 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ethics = Morality


1
Ethics Morality
  • Some draw a distinction, but no distinction is
    generally recognized.
  • Philosophers use the terms interchangeably

2
A Moral Dilemma 3 Patients
  • All 3 patients are terminally ill and suffering
    pain that cannot be relieved without excessive
    sedation
  • All 3 patients are competent and able to
    understand their condition
  • All 3 patients prefer death to life

3
Patient 1 Muhammad
  • Requests removal of ventilator needed to sustain
    life

4
Patient 2 Latisha
  • Requests withdrawal of ventilator needed to
    sustain life

5
Patient 3 Jennifer
  • Asks to be killed(intervention to bring about
    death)

6
Rachels No Morally Relevant Difference
  • Three actions Withhold treatment, withdraw
    treatment, kill
  • There may be a psychological (and currently a
    legal) difference, but no moral difference.
  • How to determine the acts morality look at the
    results in each case.
  • Key question is continued life a benefit?

7
Opposing View
  • What is immoral is any act done with an intent to
    bring about death
  • Withholding and withdrawing treatment are not
    actions performed with an intent to bring about
    death (even though death expected).

8
Highlights 2 Opposing Approaches
  • Consequentialism an act is moral or immoral
    purely depending on its consequences (results)
  • Nonconsequentialism there are other morally
    relevant considerations besides an actions
    likely consequences.

9
Ethical Decision NOT Based on
  • Custom
  • Authority
  • Law
  • Religion
  • Feelings

10
Ethics and Science
  • Similarities
  • Claims assert something to be true.
  • Search for objective truth
  • No reliance on custom, authority, feelings.
  • Uses reasoning to justify (back up, defend)
    claims.

11
Ethical Claims Different from Science
  • Scientific
  • Facts
  • Empirical
  • Descriptive
  • What is
  • Ethical
  • Values
  • Normative
  • Prescriptive
  • What ought to be
  • should be
  • obligation
  • duty

12
A Lesson in Logicthe Basics
  • Premises lead to conclusions
  • Premise All men are mortal
  • Socrates is a man
  • Conclusion Socrates is mortal

13
Does it logically follow?
  • Apples are more expensive than bananas
  • Therefore, God exists.

14
Does it logically follow?
  • Apples are more expensive than bananas
  • Therefore, apples are the least expensive fruit.

15
Does it logically follow?
  • It is always immoral to kill a person.
  • Therefore, abortion is always immoral.

16
Does it logically follow?
  • It is always immoral to kill a person.
  • The fetus is an innocent person.
  • Therefore, abortion is always immoral.

17
Does it logically follow?
  • It is always immoral to kill a person.
  • The fetus is an innocent person.
  • Abortion is the killing of a fetus.
  • Therefore, abortion is always immoral.

18
Does it logically follow?
  • It is always immoral to kill a person.
  • Abortion is the killing of an innocent person.
  • Therefore, abortion is always immoral.
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