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The Present Subjunctive

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The Present Subjunctive P. 410 Realidades 2 The Subjunctive Up to now you have been using verbs in the indicative mood, which is used to talk about facts or actual ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Present Subjunctive


1
The Present Subjunctive
  • P. 410
  • Realidades 2

2
The Subjunctive
  • Up to now you have been using verbs in the
    indicative mood, which is used to talk about
    facts or actual events.

3
The Subjunctive
  • Aprendo francés para mi viaje.

4
The Subjunctive
  • Spanish has another way of using verbs called the
    subjunctive mood.

5
The Subjunctive
  • We use it to say what one person does or doesnt
    want, tell, suggest, or recommend someone else to
    do.

6
The Subjunctive
  • A sentence that includes the subjunctive form has
    two parts connected by the word que.
  • For example

7
The Subjunctive
  • Recomendamos que Uds. hablen con un agente de
    viajes.
  • We recommend that you speak with a travel agent.

8
The Subjunctive
  • Quiere Ud. que escribamos nuestros nombres en
    las maletas.
  • Do you want us to write our names on our
    suitcases?

9
The Subjunctive
  • Note that the subjunctive sentences have two
    parts, each with a different subject, connected
    by the word que

10
2 Clauses
  • Ella sugiere que yo aprenda francés

Independent clause(stands on its own)Subject gt
Verb
Separated by the word que
Dependent clause (cant stand on its own)Begins
with the word que.
Subjunctive Verb
Indicative Verb
11
The Subjunctive
  • The first subject uses the present indicative
    verb (recommendation, suggestion, prohibition,
    and so on) que and the second subject uses the
    present subjunctive verb (what should happen).

12
The Subjunctive
  • Verbs that are often follewed by que
    subjunctive
  • Decir
  • Insistir en
  • Necesitar
  • Permitir
  • Preferir (e gt ie)
  • Prohibir
  • Querer (e gt ie)
  • Recomendar (e gt ie)
  • Sugerir (e gt ie)

13
The Subjunctive
  • We form the present subjunctive of most verbs the
    same way we form negative tú commands.

14
The Subjunctive
  • We drop the -o of the present-tense indicative yo
    form and add the subjunctive endings.

15
The Subjunctive
  • For -ar verbs
  • e, es, e, emos, éis, en
  • For -er/-ir verbs
  • a, as, a, amos, áis, an

16
HABLAR
  • hable
  • hables
  • hable
  • hablemos
  • habléis
  • hablen

17
COMER
  • coma
  • comas
  • coma
  • comamos
  • comáis
  • coman

18
VIVIR
  • viva
  • vivas
  • viva
  • vivamos
  • viváis
  • vivan

19
The Subjunctive
  • The present subjunctive has the same spelling
    changes and irregular yo form changes used with
    the negative tú commands and Ud./Uds. commands.

20
Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
  • As in negative commands, irregular verbs that add
    a g to the stem in the present-tense yo form
    also have a g in the present subjunctive.

21
Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
  • caerse
  • decir
  • hacer
  • poner
  • salir
  • tener
  • traer

22
Irregular Subjunctive Verbs
hacer
hag-o
haga
tener
teng-o
tenga
23
LLEGAR (g gt gu)
  • llegue
  • llegues
  • llegue
  • lleguemos
  • lleguéis
  • lleguen

24
HACER
  • haga
  • hagas
  • haga
  • hagamos
  • hagáis
  • hagan
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