THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

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THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE Origins of the Ottoman Empire After Muhammad s death in 632 A.D., Muslim faith & power spread throughout Middle East. Islam Map By 1215, foreign ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE


1
THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
2
Origins of the Ottoman Empire
  • After Muhammads death in 632 A.D., Muslim faith
    power spread throughout Middle East.

3
Islam Map
4
  • By 1215, foreign invaders (Mongols from eastern
    Asia) took over the lands of the Muslim empire.
  • Islams power in the Middle East started to
    decline.

5
Mongol Map
6
THEN . . .
  • A new empire arose out of the leftovers of the
    old sultanates (kingdoms) of Anatolia (Turkey).
  • 1299 A.D.- one of these sultans (Osman) began to
    expand his kingdom .
  • Osman started the Ottoman Empire, named after
    him.

7
Osman
  • Creator of the Ottoman Empire
  • Ruled from 1299 to 1326 (27 years)

8
Religion
  • Founded on the principles of Islam
  • United by Islamic beliefs
  • Converted churches into mosques
  • Tolerant of other religions, especially
    Christians and Jews
  • Encouraged loyalty from other religious faith
    groups

9
Mosque in Istanbul
10
Janissaries Pic
11
Janissaries Photo
12
Origins cont.
  • 1517 A.D. - Ottomans had control of Egypt
    extended control to most of North African coast.
  • 1520-1566 - peak of power during rule of Suleiman
    (The Magnificent)

13
Suleiman
  • Ruled from 1520-1566
  • Made Ottoman Empire the richest most powerful
    empire in Europe and Southwest Asia at the time

14
Suleiman
  • Greatest Ottoman leader of all time
  • Brought justice harmony by publishing a code of
    laws (The Lawgiver) Video
  • Feared respected by Europeans
  • Turned Constantinople into a great center of art,
    music, writing, and philosophy
  • Wrote some of the most beautiful poetry of his
    time. Time warp trio

15
Suleiman Pic
16
The Muslim Ottoman Empire eventually controlled
what is now
  • Turkey
  • Egypt
  • Greece
  • Bulgaria
  • Romania
  • Macedonia
  • Hungary
  • Palestine
  • Jordan
  • Lebanon
  • Syria
  • Much of the coastal strip of North Africa
  • Parts of Arabia

17
Ottoman Map 1
18
THE BREAKUP OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
  • 1571 A.D. decline began after several military
    defeats
  • 1683 A.D.-failed invasion of Vienna, Austria
    (Europe)

19
Decline Map
20
Breakup continued
  • Economic weakness caused military weakness
  • After losing WWI, the empire lost control of Arab
    lands
  • By 1924, the Ottoman Empire no longer existed

21
Hello Turkey!
  • The Ottoman Empire
  • officially ended on
  • Nov. 1, 1922.
  • Turkey was declared a republic.
  • Video clip

22
Ottoman Map 1
23
(No Transcript)
24
Turkey Today
25
The Importance of Constantinople
  • The effect on Christian Europe was enormous
  • Renamed Istanbul which means the city of Islam
  • Istanbul became a political and military capital
  • Positioned at the junction of Europe, Africa, and
    Asia
  • Located on both sides of the Bosporus, a narrow
    strait separating Europe from Asia
  • The only major city located on two continents

26
Activity
  • Read and complete the Activity.
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