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Geometry in architecture

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Geometry in architecture Architecture begins with geometry. Since earliest times, architects have relied on mathematical principles. Why geometry in architecture? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geometry in architecture


1
Geometry in architecture
2
Why geometry in architecture?
  • Architecture begins with geometry. Since earliest
    times, architects have relied on mathematical
    principles.

3
  • "For without symmetry and proportion no temple
    can have a regular plan. Vitruvius  (De
    Architectura, or Ten Books on Architecture)

4
Ancient civilizations
  • Mesopotamia, cradle of civilization

Aztec, Middle America
Sumerian temple
Aztec temple
5
Egypt
Great pyramids of Giza, tombs of Pharaohs
6
Greece
Parthenon in Athens, golden ratio
7
Greek theatre
8
Rome
The Colosseum, the most important roman
amphitheatre, was used for gladiatorial contests
and public spectacles such as mock sea battles.
9
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10
  • Taj Mahal, mausoleum, India, reflection symmetry

11
  • Versailles, symbol of the system of absolute
    monarchy of the Ancien Régime

12
Poligons
Karlovac
United States Department of Defense
13
Some modern buildings...
14
London
15
Dubai
Rotational solids
16
The piano house, China
17
The Millau Viaduct, France
18
Made by Lucija Dobrovic and Sanja Priselac
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