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Title: Use the right arrow key to advance.


1
Use the right arrow key to advance.
2
Easy steps to becoming a great writer on the
ALABAMA Writing Assessment
Expository
Persuasive
Descriptive
Narrative
3
What is an expository essay? It
  • Gives facts.
  • Explains.
  • Gives steps in a process.
  • Presents ideas in logical order or correct
    sequence.

4
What are the key words that show it is an
expository prompt?
  • Most people enjoy some type of music. Think about
    your favorite type of music and explain why you
    like that particular type of music.
  • Sometimes even the best drivers can get lost at
    times. Explain how you would direct a lost man to
    get back to the interstate highway from your
    neighborhood.
  • Tell how to make a hamburger.

YOU WILL FIND THESE WORDS IN THE PROMPT
EXPLAIN or TELL HOW.
5
What is a descriptive essay?
  • Sensory images are used to describe what the
    writer sees, hears, smells, touches, and tastes.
  • It paints a clear description of people, places,
    objects, or events.

6
What are the key words that show it is a
descriptive prompt?
  • Describe your bedroom. Imagine telling someone
    who has never visited you.
  • There are many tourist spots to visit in
    Birmingham. Describe your favorite place to take
    visitors. You may want to tell what you will see,
    hear, smell and how you feel when you are there.
  • Tell us what you see, hear, smell, taste, and
    feel on Christmas morning.

YOU MUST DESCRIBE OR TELL WHAT A PERSON
CAN SEE, HEAR, SMELL, TASTE OR FEEL.
7
What is a persuasive essay?
  • You are asked to prove something.
  • Give reasons why.
  • Present arguments against your reasons. Show them
    to be false.
  • Take a stand
  • Ask or call for an action.

8
What are the key words that show its a
persuasive prompt?
  • Persuade a close friend to donate blood as part
    of a blood drive that your school is sponsoring
    for the Red Cross.
  • Some of your kid brothers friends have taken up
    smoking and want him to start too. Write a
    convincing letter to your kid brother to not take
    up this habit.
  • Write a letter to the editor of the newspaper
    telling why citizens in Birmingham should support
    a tax increase benefiting the local public
    schools.

YOU WILL NOTICE THE WORDS PERSUADE, CONVINCE OR
TELL WHY SOMEONE SHOULD DO SOMETHING.
9
  • Tells a story.
  • Has chronological order and sequence of
    events.
  • Has action.
  • Has conflicts or problems.
  • Has dialogue.
  • Has characters.
  • Has a definite beginning, middle and end.
  • What is a narrative?
  • A narrative

10
What are the key words that show that these are
narrative prompts?
  • You and your friend find a big box that is
    labeled Do Not Open. Your friend wants to open
    the box. Write a story about what happens next.
  • Tell about a time when you made a serious
    mistake.
  • Two little girls found a wallet on the sidewalk.
    Tell what happened next.

NOTE THE WORDS WRITE A STORY or TELL ABOUT
A TIME, or TELL WHAT HAPPENED NEXT.
11
Ready to write? First determine what type prompt
you have. You should read your prompt at least
three times.
  • Expository--explain, tell how
  • Descriptive--describe
  • Persuasive---persuade or convince
  • Narrative-- tell about a time when, tell a story

Use your scratch paper to brain storm and then
make an outline, or web, for a five paragraph
essay.
12
Think Brainstorm-PACO
  • P-What is your purpose?
  • A- Who is your audience?
  • C- Content --What are your ideas for details,
    facts, or reasons?
  • O- Organization --Think how you want to
    structure your paper.

Jot down these ideas.
NOW START YOUR OUTLINE, OR WEB!
13
First Paragraph
Second Paragraph
Third
Fourth
Fifth Paragraph
14
FIRST PAPAGRAPH
15
Lets prepare to write an essay!
  • Heres the prompt.
  • There are many good and bad things about being in
    the seventh grade. Explain what these things are.

What kind of prompt do we have?
Did you say expository? Youre right!
16
Use your scratch paper
  • Jot down a few transitions.
  • What are transitions?
  • Words or phrases that connect ideas or introduce
    the topic.
  • Such as one, if, although, however, finally, in
    conclusion, first, second, next,
    additionally,consequently
  • Make an outline or web. Develop a
  • 1-3-1 plan. One Paragraph for intro-
  • Three paragraphs for the body
  • One paragraph for the conclusion.

17
Additionally One First Second Next Another-
if Although Finally In conclusion Indeed Conseque
ntly Stars are key ideas or controlling
statements. Explanations Examples, Evidence are
listed below.
Conclusion Sum up what youve said. Refer back
to your introduction.
18
This is an important step! Dont try to write
your paper without doing an outline first. Why?!
  • You will be graded on organization.

19
Introductions for expository, descriptive and
persuasive essays should.
  • Grab the readers attention.
  • Or -- Let the reader know what youre going to
    talk about.
  • Or--Show a plan for what youre going to be
    talking about in the three body paragraphs.
  • Or --State what the audience will learn in this
    essay.

20
Sample Introduction
  • Although I have taken many wonderful vacations,
    my trip with my two best friends to New York City
    is one Ill always remember. This was a fantastic
    trip because of the sights we saw, the people we
    met, the plays we enjoyed, and the laughs we
    shared.

Each part of the plan will be developed into
paragraphs.
Whats the topic?
Whats the plan?
21
After you make your web or outline, start writing
your introduction. Leave space at the top for two
more lines. ( It wont count against you.)You
might come back later to insert a little
background information in the introduction.
Remember to grab interest and show the plan of
your paper in the introduction.
22
Introduction
Have you ever thought about what are the good
and the bad things in seventh grade? There are
good things like changing classes and more
freedom. Some of the bad things are you have to
stay in school longer, you have SAT tests, and
tests get harder. Stay with me as I explain the
good and bad things about being in the seventh
grade.
How does the writer grab your attention?
23
Lets start on the body. Go back to your web or
outline for the second paragraph.
  • Good Fun Things
  • -Changing classes and teachers
  • -Ms. Trunchbull Ms. Honey
  • More Freedom
  • - no line
  • -See friends at lunch

24
First I will tell you about the good and fun
things about being in the seventh grade.You get
to change classes so if one teacher is like Mrs.
Trunchbull in Matilda, you are only with her for
part of the day. If your teacher is like Ms.
Honey you will enjoy a fabulous time with her.
Another thing I enjoy is more freedom. We dont
have to walk in straight lines as if we were
soldiers marching off to war. Next, you can get
your own food instead of having the lunch ladies
get it for you. I like spending time with my
friends so if there are not in one of my classes,
I can see them at lunch.
Transition words help!
Does he explain, give examples, use metaphors?
25
Look back at your outline for the third paragraph
  • Bad things
  • SAT Test
  • -not like elementary school
  • -compare to stale bread
  • more test and harder
  • -stress stomach hurts
  • -math makes me sick

26
Next Im writing about the bad things you go
through in seventh grade. First of all you have
to take the SAT test. In elementary school you
didnt have to worry about this kind of thing.
The SAT test is like eating stale food because it
can hurt you and it can be boring. The tests get
harder as you go on. We have so many of them
they can cause a major stress and make you feel
like your stomach was just pulled out. At my
elementary school we got out fifteen minutes
earlier. Sitting in math class for that extra
minutes makes me feel terrible inside.
  • Did you find the transitions? What are the key
    ideas? How does he explain his key ideas? What is
    the metaphor?

27
Look back to your outline before writing the
fourth paragraph
  • things that are both good bad
  • Field Trips
  • -miss school
  • -might be boring
  • PE
  • -clothes sweat
  • -fun to play and compete
  • Homework
  • -too much
  • -pull up grades

28
Finally my next category is going to be things
that come good and bad. First field trips are
extremely fun because you can talk and miss
school. However its bad if you go somewhere
boring or cant sit with your friend. Everybody
loves P.E. because we play real sports with
competitiveness. But sadly when were leaving PE,
my clothes get sweaty which doesnt feel good.
Everybody knows the pluses and minuses of
Homework! We have so much homework it just takes
the energy out of you, which is bad. What is good
about it is that the more homework you have, the
better chance you have to pull up your grade.
Did you find the transitions? What are the key
ideas? How does he explain his key ideas?
29
Now we are ready for the fifth paragraph the
conclusion which will summarize our main points
or key ideas in the body.
  • Good and bad things
  • freedom
  • changing classes
  • SAT test
  • going to school longer
  • tests
  • Good and Bad
  • Homework
  • PE
  • Fieldtrips

30
In conclusion the seventh grade has good and bad
things involved. Such as more freedom, and
changing classes. Some other things are SAT test,
going to school longer, and quizzes and tests.
Homework, P.E., and field trips fall into both
of those categories.
What are your transitions? Does the writer sum up
what he written? Does he refer back to the
introduction.
This paragraph was from an actual essay written
by a student for the state writing assessment.
His organization gave him a four.
31
Whoops! What did we forget?
  • Did you think title? You are right!

How about The Good and Bad Things About
Seventh Grade Nah Boring. Interesting titles
have an action word.
How about- Good and Bad Things Happen in Seventh
Grade better
How about Seventh Grade, Good or Bad- You Be the
Judge
32
Remember we said to leave a little space at the
top. Lets look at a classmates essay and see
why
What My Near Future Would Be Like
Ive always found the solving of crimes by
DNA evidence to be interesting. A forensic
scientist is doctor who examines data.
In the near future I would like to become a
forensic scientist and help solve crimes. The
steps I would have to take to achieve my goals
are finishing school, practice the procedure of
my major, and be successful in everything I do.
After rereading she came back to add a little
background information. This is an important step
Reread to IMPROVE.
33
Now Lets Look At Narrative
  • Tell about a time
  • Write a story
  • Chronological sequence of events
  • Dialogue
  • Action
  • Problems, conflicts
  • Beginning, Middle, End

Do you think there is a love story here?
34
Use this type of web for a Narrative
CLIMAX
35
Some typical story transition words
Typically transitions are about time. After,
before, since, later
  • One day
  • Suddenly
  • During
  • Until
  • Yesterday
  • Meanwhile
  • Afterwards
  • While

36
How to get your story rolling
  • Begin by describing a character.
  • LaDarius Smith, a star on our school basketball
    team, is very lucky.

37
Get the story rolling with dialogue
  • Whats that smell?
  • the seventh graders complained.
  • Finish your experiment and well head outside to
    get away from it, said their teacher.

What punctuation goes with the words said?
Did you say quotation marks? Youre right!
38
Get the story rolling
  • Provide a where with prepositional phrases
  • Near the park
  • Below the surface of the water
  • In Chicago
  • Throughout the crowded room
  • Inside the lunchroom

39
Heres an excellent beginning by one of your
classmates at Arrington.
  • It was an early Tuesday morning in Tokyo Japan.
    The sun started to rise over Juan Lees house.
    Boom! Juan Lee and his friend Jen went to see
    what was with all of the commotion. Then the door
    came crashing down. It turned out that Juans
    Aunt Lee kicked the door down.

How does he start his story? How does he grab
interest?
40
Can you tell which passage is narrative and which
is expository?
  • Marty and I jumped to our feet. Ohhhh. I heard
    Marty let out a frightened moan.
  • I started to back away. I thought maybe I could
    scramble out the other side of the car.
  • But the snarling, growling monsters came at us
    from both sides. L-leave us alone. I stammered.
  • A monster covered in tangled brown fur opened
  • After Christopher Columbuss voyages to the New
    World, many Spaniards came to this continent to
    explore. One Spanish explorer was Ponce De Leon.
    He traveled through present-day Florida to find
    the Fountain of Youth. A second explorer,
    Coronado searched for the Seven Cities of Gold.
    He and his men traveled

Narrative
Expository
41
Put it all together and write!
  • Does this give you an overall review of what
    weve studied for writing?
  • There are many things that fit together to help
    us become excellent writers.

Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
Text
42
Summary
  • Identify your prompt
  • Plan your work with an outline.
  • Give your work a title with an action word.
  • Grab interest in the beginning
  • Build your paragraph with explanations, examples,
    evidence following the topic statement or key
    statement.
  • Use strong action words
  • Use vivid adjectives
  • Use metaphors
  • Finished? Reread reread to improve and
    clarify.

43
Credits
  • Created by Chris Browning for Arrington Middle
    School, Birmingham City Schools
  • Maureen Autum Step Up to Writing Program
  • Birmingham City Schools workshops presenters
    Jerrie Foster, Gail Brown, Theresa Thomas,
    Jacquelyn Washington, Janet McMiller
  • State of Alabama workshop presentations Rhonda
    Silmon Teaching clear thinking before writing.
  • Lecture Demonstration with Rick Shelton Write
    Where You Are!
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