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Human Geography

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Human Geography Chapter 5 Studying Populations Demography Statistical study of human populations Population Density an average Expressed as persons/mi or ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Human Geography


1
Human Geography
  • Chapter 5

2
Studying Populations
  • Demography
  • Statistical study of human populations
  • Population Density an average
  • Expressed as persons/mi² or persons/km²
  • As an average, it does not reflect where
    populations are clustered

3
Studying Populations
  • Population Distribution where people are
    clustered, settled
  • -- About 90 in Northern Hemisphere
  • --Four areas of great population clusters
  • ---East Asia
  • ---South Asia
  • ---Europe
  • ---Eastern North America

4
4 Worlds Great Population Clusters
Europe
East Asia
E. N. America
South Asia
5
Studying Populations
  • Population Distribution, cont.
  • --Favorable mild climates, fertile soils, fresh
    water
  • --Unfavorable deserts, rugged mountains, polar
    regions

6
Studying Populations
  • Population Change
  • - Birthrate Births/1000 people
  • - Death rate Deaths/1000 people
  • - Migration
  • -- Emigration/Immigration
  • --- Push/Pull Factors
  • ---Economic motivation 1 reason
  • -- Refugees
  • ---Flee political unrest and war

7
Studying Populations
  • Natural Increase
  • - Birthrate Death rate expressed as a
    percentage, e.g. 3 increase
  • - Rule of 72
  • - Developed v. Developing countries
  • --- lt1 v. 3 or more

8
World Population Trends
A. D. 1
1600
1850
1930
1975
600 mil.
1.2 bil.
2 billion
4 billion
300 mil.
2000 6 billion
9
Demographic Transition
Stage 1
Stage 2
Stage 3
Birthrate
40
30
20
per 1000/ year
Death rate
10
0
10
World Population Trends
  • Population Projections
  • The farther onto the future a projection is made,
    the less reliable it is.

11
Cultural Geography
  • Studying Culture
  • - Culture Traits activities and
    behaviors (shaped by values)
  • - Culture Regions area in which people have
    many shared culture traits
  • -- ethnic group human population with
    shared culture or ancestry
  • -- Intl. borders sometimes divide culture groups
  • -- Culture groups may include several countries

12
Culture
Language
Ethics
Values
Religion
Level of Technology
13
Culture Change
  • Migration, war, and trade
  • Acculturation
  • Individual or group adopts some traits of another
    culture
  • -- Immigrants
  • Assimilation
  • Immigrant group adopts all features of dominant
    culture

14
Culture Change
  • Innovation New ideas that a culture accepts
    (home-grown)
  • Diffusion Idea or innovation spreads
  • - Expansion innovation spreads within culture
  • - Relocation migration takes/brings new idea
    to new culture
  • - Hierarchical from greater
    size/influence to lesser

15
Culture Change
  • Globalization
  • Picture on p.97
  • OPTIC

16
Globalization v. Traditionalism
  • Globalization The process in which connections
    around the world increase and cultures become
    more alike
  • Most globalized cultural traits have their
    origins in the United States

17
Globalization v. Traditionalism
  • Traditionalism Following longtime practices and
    opposing many modern technologies and ideas
  • Contributes to cultural divergence
  • Increasing religious fundamentalism is reaction
    to globalization (radical Islam, Hinduism, etc.)

18
Geography and History
  • Using the text on p. 99, answer the following
    writing prompt
  • To what extent is geography and history
    interrelated?

19
Language
  • Main means of communication
  • Generations pass on skills, customs, traditions,
    rituals, celebrations
  • Cultural diffusion
  • - accelerated within language
  • - acts as barrier to outside culture
  • Spatial characteristics
  • English lingua franca of global commerce

20
Religion
  • Binds societies together and gives meaning to
    life
  • Three main types
  • - Ethnic
  • -- Japan Shinto
  • -- Judaism
  • - Animist Usually polytheistic
  • -- Usually practiced by tribal or primitive
    peoples

21
Religion
  • Three main types, cont.
  • - Universalizing Usually monotheistic
  • -- Christianity, Islam
  • -- spread by missionaries
  • -- ultimate goal world domination

22
Religion
  • Mapping the diffusion of Buddhism
  • Using the text at the top of p. 106 to map the
    spread of Buddhism throughout Eastern and
    Southeastern Asia
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