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Personality Disorders

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Title: Personality Disorders Author: Kelly Berg Last modified by: Victoria Kendall Created Date: 7/15/2006 12:54:49 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Personality Disorders


1
  • Cluster A (Odd-Eccentric Cluster)
  • Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder

Personality Disorders
  • Cluster B (Dramatic-Impulsive Cluster)
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Cluster C (Anxious-Fearful Cluster)
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

2
Personality Disorders Defined
  • Maladaptive personality styles
  • Developed early in life and are very resistant to
    change.
  • They become styles of life including extreme and
    rigid personality traits that involve odd or
    eccentric behaviors, dramatic and impulsive
    behavior or fearful or anxious behavior.
  • Generally people with personality disorders do
    not think they have a problem but often create
    problems for others!

3
Personality Disorders Defined
  • an enduring pattern of inner experience and
    behavior that deviates markedly from the
    expectations of the culture of the individual who
    exhibits it APA
  • They are inflexible and pervasive across many
    situations
  • This is due in large part to the fact that such
    behavior is egosyntonic (the symptoms are part of
    who you are, they are who you are meant to be and
    are perceived as appropriate by you.)

4
Personality Disorders
  • Axis II
  • Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation
  • Diagnosed separately from Major Mental Disorders
    on Axis I
  • Designed so consideration can be given to
    prevailing personality patterns, which may be
    less obvious than Axis I disorders

5
Personality Disorders
  • Personality patterns
  • Maladaptive
  • Inflexible
  • Pervasive
  • Enduring
  • Deviant
  • Cause significant distress or impairment

6
Personality Disorders
  • An enduring pattern of inner experience and
    behavior that deviates markedly from the
    expectations of the individuals culture. This
    pattern is manifested in two (or more) of the
    following areas
  • Cognition (ways of perceiving the self, others,
    and events)
  • Affect (range, intensity, lability, and
    appropriateness of affect)
  • Interpersonal Functioning
  • Impulse Control
  • The enduring pattern is inflexible and pervasive
    across a broad range of personal and social
    situations

7
Personality Disorders
  • C. The enduring pattern leads to significant
    distress or impairment in functioning
  • D. The pattern is stable and of long duration,
    and its onset can be traced back at least to
    adolescence or early adulthood
  • E. Not better accounted for by another mental
    disorder
  • F. Not due to a GMC or substance

8
Clusters
  • Cluster A
  • Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • Cluster B
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Cluster C
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder

9
Cluster A - remain aloof, distrustful and shield
themselves from the anxieties of interpersonal
intimacy.
  • Odd, eccentric ways of thinking or behaving
  • Paranoid Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others
    such that their motives are interpreted as
    malevolent
  • Schizoid Personality Disorder
  • Pattern of detachment from social relationships
    and a restricted range of expression of emotions
    in interpersonal settings, beginning by early
    adulthood and present in a variety of contexts
  • Schizotypal Personality Disorder
  • Pattern of social and interpersonal deficits
    marked by acute discomfort with, and reduced
    capacity for, close relationships as well as by
    cognitive or perceptual distortions and
    eccentricities of behavior

10
Cluster B
  • Dramatic, emotional, or erratic
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive pattern of disregard for and violation
    of the rights of others
  • Borderline Personality Disorder
  • Pervasion pattern of instability of interpersonal
    relationships, self-image, and affects, and
    marked impulsivity
  • Histrionic Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive pattern of excessive emotionality and
    attention seeking, beginning by early adulthood
    and present in a variety of contexts
  • Narcissistic Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive pattern of grandiosity, need for
    admiration, and lack of empathy

11
Conduct Disorder
  • A. A repetitive and persistent pattern of
    behavior in which the basic rights of others or
    major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are
    violated (see next slides)
  • B. The disturbance in behavior causes significant
    impairment in functioning
  • C. If the individual is 18 years or older,
    criteria are not met for Antisocial Personality
    Disorder

12
Conduct Disorder
  • A (continued). Three or more of the following
    criteria in the past 12 months and at least one
    in the past 6 months
  • Aggression to people and animals
  • Often bullies, threatens, or intimidates others
  • Often initiates physical fights
  • Has used a weapon that can cause serious physical
    harm to others
  • Has been physically cruel to people
  • Has been physically cruel to animals
  • Has stolen while confronting a victim
  • Has forced someone into sexual activity

13
Conduct Disorder
  • Destruction of property
  • Has deliberately engaged in fire setting with the
    intention of causing serious damage
  • Has deliberately destroyed others property
    (other than arson)
  • Deceitfulness or theft
  • Has broken into someone elses house, building,
    or car
  • Often lies to obtain goods or favors or to avoid
    obligations
  • Has stolen items of nontrivial value without
    confronting a victim

14
Conduct Disorder
  • Serious violation of rules
  • Often stays out at night despite parental
    prohibitions, beginning before age 13
  • Has run away from home overnight at least twice
    while living in parental or parental surrogate
    home
  • Is often truant from school, beginning before age
    13

15
Cluster C - efforts to control anxiety about
social rejection.
  • Anxious or fearful
  • Avoidant Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings
    of inadequacy, and hypersensitivity to negative
    evaluation
  • Dependent Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive and excessive need to be taken care of
    that leads to submissive and clinging behavior
    and fears of separation
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder
  • Pervasive pattern of preoccupation with
    orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and
    interpersonal control, at the expense of
    flexibility, openness, and efficiency
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