Psychological Disorders - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Psychological Disorders PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 750df4-ODE0Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Psychological Disorders

Description:

Psychological Disorders Psychological disorders How do we classify disorders? Types of disorders Labeling What are: Anxiety disorders? Mood disorders? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:61
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 23
Provided by: Robert2297
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Psychological Disorders


1
Psychological Disorders
2
(No Transcript)
3
Psychological disorders
  • How do we classify disorders?
  • Types of disorders
  • Labeling
  • What are
  • Anxiety disorders?
  • Mood disorders?
  • Dissociation disorders?
  • Schizophrenic disorders
  • Personality disorders?

4
How do we classify psychological disorders?
  • DSM-IV-TR

5
DSM-IV-TR
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
    Disorders
  • (4th. Ed. Text revision(TR)
  • Used to identify psychological disorders
  • Does not explain causes

6
What is the effect of labeling psychological
disorders?
  • It biases your perception of the patients
    behavior
  • After you know the diagnosis (label) even normal
    behavior is seen as a symptom of that diagnosis.

7
What are anxiety disorders?
8
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Vague expectation that something bad will happen.
  • Unfocused, out-of-control negative feelings.

9
Panic Disorder
  • Panic attack
  • Agoraphobia - fear of situations you can not
    escape if a panic attack occurs.

10
Phobias
  • An irrational fear of something
  • E.g. Arachnophobia - fear of spiders
  • Social phobia - fear of social situations
  • (Shyness taken to an extreme)

11
Obsessive - compulsive disorders
  • Obsessive thoughts
  • Thoughts that wont go away
  • Compulsive behavior
  • Checking a locked door
  • Straightening books or fringe on a carpet
  • Hand washing
  • Flashing

12
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Causes
  • Trauma
  • War
  • Rape
  • Effects (symptoms)
  • Nightmares
  • Flashbacks
  • Social withdrawal
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia (trouble sleeping)

13
Dissociative disorders
  • Conscious awareness becomes separated
    (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts
    and feelings.

14
Dissociative identity disorder (Multiple
personalities)
  • Two or more distinct identities that control
    their behavior.
  • Each person has its own voice and mannerisms.
  • One personality is usually unaware of the others.

15
What are mood disorders?
  • Depression
  • The common cold of psychological disorders
  • Main reason people seek mental health services
  • Symptoms
  • Low energy
  • Low self-esteem
  • Never happy

16
Bipolar Disorder
  • Depression to manic episodes
  • Alternating between hopelessness and unrestrained
    optimism.

17
Schizophrenia
  • Split mind
  • Disorganized speech and thought
  • Word salad
  • Flight of ideas
  • Inappropriate emotions actions
  • Delusions (I am God)
  • Hallucinations (see or hear things)
  • False beliefs (Someone is poisoning me)

18
Types of Schizophrenia
  • Paranoid
  • Delusions or hallucinations
  • Themes of persecution
  • The Russians are after me.

19
Types of schizophrenia (cont.)
  • Catatonic
  • Motionless - for long periods of time
  • Parrot like repeating of anothers speech

20
Undifferentiated
  • Many different symptoms as discussed before.

21
What are Personality Disorders?
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Formally called sociopath or psychopath
  • No conscience or guilt feelings - (e.g. serial
    killer)

22
(No Transcript)
About PowerShow.com