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Psychological Disorders

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Psychological Disorders Are you mentally ill? How do we classify psychological disorders? Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) Used to identify ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Psychological Disorders


1
Psychological Disorders
  • Are you mentally ill?

2
(No Transcript)
3
How do we classify psychological disorders?
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental
    Disorders (DSM)
  • Used to identify psychological disorders
  • Does not explain causes

4
What is the effect of labeling psychological
disorders?
  • It biases your perception of the patients
    behavior
  • After you know the diagnosis (label) even normal
    behavior is seen as a symptom of that diagnosis.

5
What are anxiety disorders?
6
What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder?
  • Vague expectation that something bad will happen.
  • Unfocused, out-of-control negative feelings.

7
What is panic disorder?
  • Panic attack
  • Agoraphobia - fear of situations you can not
    escape if a panic attack occurs.

8
What are phobias?
  • An irrational fear of something
  • E.g. Arachnophobia - fear of spiders
  • Social phobia - fear of social situations
  • (Shyness taken to an extreme)

9
What are obsessive - compulsive disorders?
  • Obsessive thoughts
  • Thoughts that wont go away
  • Compulsive behavior
  • Checking a locked door
  • Straightening books or fringe on a carpet
  • Hand washing
  • Flashing

10
What is PTSD?
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Causes
  • War
  • Trauma
  • Rape
  • Effects (symptoms)
  • Nightmares
  • Flashbacks
  • Social withdrawal
  • Anxiety
  • Insomnia (trouble sleeping)

11
Do you remember?
  • What does the DSM do and not do?
  • How can you recognize a panic attack?
  • What are examples of phobias?
  • What is the difference between an obsession and a
    compulsion?
  • What are the causes and symptoms of PTSD?

12
What are mood disorders?
  • Depression
  • The common cold of psychological disorders
  • Main reason people seek mental health services
  • Symptoms
  • Low energy
  • Low self-esteem
  • Never happy

13
What is bipolar Disorder?
  • Depression to manic episodes
  • Alternating between hopelessness and unrestrained
    optimism overexcitement.

14
What is schizophrenia?
  • Split mind
  • Disorganized speech and thought
  • Word salad
  • Flight of ideas
  • Inappropriate emotions actions
  • Delusions (I am God)
  • Hallucinations (see or hear things)
  • False beliefs (Someone is poisoning me)

15
Types of Schizophrenia
  • Paranoid
  • Themes of persecution
  • The Russians are after me.
  • Disorganized
  • Disorganized speech
  • Flat or inappropriate emotion

16
Types of schizophrenia (cont.)
  • Catatonic
  • Motionless - for long periods of time
  • Parrot like repeating of anothers speech

17
Types of Schizophrenia (cont.)
Progress of schizophrenia
  • Undifferentiated
  • Many different symptoms as discussed before.

18
Do you remember?
  • What are symptoms of depression?
  • What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder?
  • What is the difference between delusions and
    hallucinations?
  • Speaking unrelated words and phrases could be a
    symptom of what?
  • What is the main symptom of catatonic
    schizophrenia?

19
What are some other types of disorders?
  • Dissociative disorder
  • Personality disorder

20
What are dissociative disorders?
  • Conscious awareness becomes separated
    (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts
    and feelings.

21
Dissociative identity disorder (Multiple
personalities)
  • Two or more distinct identities that control
    their behavior.
  • Each person has its own voice and mannerisms.
  • One personality is usually unaware of the others.

22
What is personality disorder?
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Formally called sociopath or psychopath
  • No conscience or guilt feelings - (e.g. serial
    killer)

23
Do you remember?
  • Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (same person) would be
    classified as what?
  • Ted Bundy (serial killer without guilt) could be
    classified as what?

24
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