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Medieval Life

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Medieval Life What was life like for the people of England in Medieval times? The Black Death produced important social changes. English society was based upon the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Life


1
Medieval Life
  • What was life like for the people of England in
    Medieval times?

2
The Black Death produced important social
changes. English society was based upon the
principle that there were three main classes of
people, each with its own purpose to fulfil.
These were the clergy, the nobility and the
peasants those who prayed, fought and worked.
3
  • The peasants (free people who could move around)
    were the largest group and it was accepted that
    they supported the other two classes with their
    labours.

4
  • The church and nobility owned great estates to
    which the peasants were bound as serfs (could not
    leave the land of their lord) by custom to
    plough the fields for the masters by law.

5
  • Serfdom was upheld by moral and religious
    reasons. Serfs were told to look upon their
    service as a calling from God. Serfdom would make
    them better people.

6
  • Landlords were supposed to look after their serfs
    but many did not. When one lord was rebuked for
    taking a cow from a serf he said
  • Let it suffice the boor that I have left him the
    calf and his own life.

7
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8
  • Medieval society was marred by a streak of
    cruelty and callousness. Death and suffering were
    common and people often felt contempt for the law
    and would often resort to violence.

9
  • Medicine was crude and often ineffectual.
    Medicine was mixed up with magic and ritual was
    common. Disease was often regarded as Gods
    judgement for sin. Falling ill was a punishment
    for past misdeeds.

10
The Manor
11
  • A medieval manor was an estate granted to a
    member of the aristocracy by the king.
  • The lord of the manor employed knights and
    villeins who fought for the lord and performed
    feudal obligations.

12
The manor house was set apart from the village
where the peasants lived
13
Not all manors were held by the nobility. 17
belonged to the king and 25 belonged to the
church.
14
Medieval manors varied in size but most were
between 1200-1800 acres. Every noble had at least
one manor. Richer nobles had several. In the late
12th Century there were more than 9000 manorial
estates in England.Another name for this land
was Fief.
15
The lords portion of land was called a demesne.
The rest of the land was divided amongst his
peasants who were his tenants
16
The land was divided equally into strips between
the peasants. There was also a section of
common area that all the villagers could use.
Each villager had a small house and was generally
self sufficient
17
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18
For everyone life revolved around the seasons
19
Rural seasonal work
20
Knights
  • Knights were sons of nobles.
  • When a boy was eight he was sent to a
    neighbouring noble to be trained as a knight.
  • When he was 15 or 16 he would become a squire in
    the service of a knight.
  • When he was about 20 the squire would be dubbed a
    knight.
  • Occasionally a young man was knighted in battle

21
  • Knights possessed land to the annual value of 200
    marks and were forbidden to wear clothing valued
    at more than 6 marks. They were not allowed to
    wear cloth of gold.

22
ChivalryKnights were supposed to
follow a code of chivalry defend the weak be
courteous to all women loyal to the king
serve God
23
However the reality was often quite different.
The weak were defined as noble women and
children not peasants.They were little more
than mercenaries and were brutal in war.
24
Armour and WeaponsChain mail was made up of
200,000 small rings.Plated armour weighed around
23kg and the sword weighted 15kg.Some knights
protected their horses with armour.
25
Food
  • The most common foods were
  • pottage (soup/stew)
  • Dark bread
  • Pork and mutton
  • Water, milk and ale
  • Vegetables
  • Cheese
  • Most peasants were vitamin deficient

26
Medicine
  • Women were discouraged from getting involved in
    medicine of any kind.
  • Cures were crude and painful.
  • The church was often the only source of medical
    knowledge and it was underpinned with prayer.

27
FashionClothing was reflective of a persons
place in society. There were strict dress codes
which were severely punished if they were broken
28
Crime and Punishment
  • There were many, many crimes that could be
    severely punished. Law courts used French but the
    peasants all spoke English. Punishments were
    carried out in public.

29
Religion
  • If you live anywhere in Europe and you were a
    Christian then you were Catholic. Medieval people
    were very preoccupied with the state of their
    immortal soul.

30
Entertainment
  • Entertainment was important to Medieval people.
    Feasts were a part of entertainment for the rich.
    Tournaments were enjoyed by everybody. Music was
    a source of entertainment and children had games
    some of which survive to this day.

31
Travel
  • Peasants rarely travelled more than 10 miles away
    from their home. For those who did travel it was
    slow, uncomfortable and dangerous.

32
Education
  • Education was usually the responsibility of the
    church. The core subjects were based on those of
    the Ancient Greeks and remain unchanged to this
    very day.

33
  • The End
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