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Medieval Europe

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Medieval Europe The Early Middle Ages The Early Middle Ages began around 476- 1050 CE and were also known as the Dark Ages The Dark Ages was a time when little ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Europe


1
Medieval Europe
2
The Early Middle Ages
  • The Early Middle Ages began around 476- 1050 CE
    and were also known as the Dark Ages
  • The Dark Ages was a time when little development
    in trade and social structure occurred
  • The Late Middle Ages occurred from 1050-1450 and
    was a time that experienced some growth in trade
    and agriculture

3
Feudalism
  • Developed first on the continent of Europe and
    then on the island of Britain with the ruler and
    the ruled having clearly defined roles and duties

4
Political Developments
  • Small independent kingdoms develop in Italy,
    Gaul, Spain, Germany, and Belgium (400s)
  • The pope declares Charlemagne Emperor of the
    Romans (800)

5
Cultural Developments
  • Christianity was brought to the pagans in
    Northern and Eastern Europe (400s-1100)
  • Charlemagne reintroduced education and literacy
    to western Europe (800s)
  • Roman style cathedrals were built in France and
    England (100)

6
Technological/Economic Developments
  • Wooden castles were built
  • Heavy plough, horseshoe, and an improved harness
    improved crop harvests
  • Horses began to replace oxen to plough fields
    (900s)

7
Charlemagne
  • Charlemagne means Charles the Great
  • The church crowned him Emperor of the Romans in
    hopes of reestablishing the old western Roman
    empire
  • Charlemagne ruled in modern day Germany
  • His goals were to establish uniform laws through
    out his kingdom that were upheld by local judges

8
  • Art and culture thrived during his reign
  • After he died civil war broke out in his kingdom
    and his heirs fought for control of his kingdom
  • His 3 grandsons divided the kingdom into 3 parts
  • The western part (modern day France)
  • The eastern part (modern day Germany)
  • The middle part ( Italy to the North Sea)
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