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Feudal Japan

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Title: Feudal Japan Author: Susan M. Pojer Last modified by: Greece Created Date: 5/16/2003 12:21:15 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Feudal Japan


1
Feudal Japan
2
Japan is an archipelago _______________
3
Geography
  • Island nation
  • Earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and tsunamis
  • Covered by__________________
  • Limited arable (good for farming) land
  • Limited______________________
  • How do you think Japans geography affected its
    culture and history?

4
Traditional Religion
  • Shintoism belief in ___________
  • (spirits) in nature, form of animism, includes
    clan gods and ancestors

5
Heian Period 794-1156
  • Characteristics
  • Growth of large landed estates.
  • Arts literature of ______________
    flourished.
  • Elaborate court life highly refined
  • ETIQUETTE. ?
  • Personal diaries
  • The Pillow Book by Sei Shonagon 10c
  • Great novel
  • ____________________by Lady Murasaki Shikibu
    1000 pgs. ?
  • ?

6
Heian PeriodCultural Borrowing
  1. Chinese_______________.
  2. Chinese artistic styles.
  3. Buddhism in the form of _______________.
  4. BUT, not the Chinese civil ______________system!
    ?

7
CULTURAL DIFFUSION!
  • How did the Heian period of Japan exhibit
    cultural diffusion? (Think of Chinese influence)

8
Heian Court Dress
9
The Pillow Bookby Sei Shonagon (diary)
10
Lady Murasaki Shikibu
She contributed much to the Japanese script known
as kana, while men wrote with Chinese characters,
kanji.
11
The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!
Feudal Society
12
Feudalism
A political, economic, and social system based on
loyalty, the holding of land, and military
service. Japan
Land - Shoen
Loyalty
Land - Shoen
Loyalty
Food
Protection
Peasant
Peasant
Peasant
Peasant
13
Code of
  • Fidelity
  • Politeness

14
Seppuku Ritual -
It is _________to die in this way.
Kaishaku his seconds
15
Samurai
16
Underpinnings Basic Steps in Self Defense
A COTTON BREECH CLOUT that extended up over the
chest was the basic undergarment of a samurais
costume
A SHORT SLEEVED KIMONO, or armor robe, was
tied snugly at the waist with a special knot
(lower right)
17
BILLOWING PANTALOONS,worn over the armor robe,
fitted loosely in the legs to allow freedom of
movement
AN EXQUISITE BROCADE, richly worked with a design
of peonies, was one of the extravagant materials
used in an armor robe that may have been made for
a 14th Century imperial prince
STURDY SHINGUARDS of cloth or leather were
reinforced with strips of iron to give protection
from the front
18
Medieval Warriors
vs.
European________
_________Warrior
19
Medieval Warriors
vs.
Knights_______
Samurai Armor
20
Zen Buddhism
  • A Japanese variation of
  • ________________
  • which came from India through
  • ________________
  • It reinforced the Bushido values of mental
    and self-discipline.

21
MongolInvasionsof Japan
4,400 ships and 140,000 men, but _____________
winds stopped them.
22
Ashikaga Age 1338-1573
  • _______________fought for power.
  • Laws are unclear.
  • Armies of samurai protected the country. ?

23
The Age of the Warring States(1467 - 1568)
  • Castles built on hills in different
    provinces.
  • Europeans arrive in Japan
  • ? bringing firearms ___________.
  • Christianity foreign trade__________________

24
Tokugawa Shogunate Period
  • Japan closed off to all ___________ except
    to the Dutch and Chinese. ?
  • The Dutch were restricted to a small island
    in Nagasaki harbor.
  • Japanese Christians ______________ and
    Christianity is forbidden.
  • The government is centralized with all power
    in the hands of the__________.
  • Domestic trade flourishes (within Japan).
  • Towns, esp. castle towns, increase.
  • Merchant class becomes__________! ?
  • New art forms ? haiku poetry, kabuki theater.
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