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Political Parties

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Title: Political Parties Last modified by: Warren Hills Created Date: 3/1/2006 9:00:35 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political Parties


1
Political Parties
  • Functions

2
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3
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5
Political Parties
  • Today many Americans take pride in their status
    as independent voters
  • Some see parties as lacking a vision for the
    country

6
Political Parties
  • Since many people think that each of the major
    parties only cares about defeating or humiliating
    the other, they avoid identification as a loyal
    Democrat or a staunch Republican

7
Political Parties
  • These negative attitudes toward parties are
    rooted in the roles that political parties play
    in American politics

8
Political Parties
  • In most democracies political parties are
    important institutions that link citizens to
    their government

9
Political Parties
  • The founders of the U.S. political system hoped
    to avoid the mischief of political factions
    when they envisioned a government with enough
    points of influence to make parties necessary

10
Political Parties
  • James Madison reflected this in Federalist 10
  • Political factions are necessary evils to be
    controlled by federalism and separation of powers

11
Political Parties
  • Founders still believed that political parties
    such as those that dominated British politics
    could and should be avoided at all costs

12
Political Parties
  • Political parties appeared almost as soon as the
    new government was created with their origins in
    the disagreements between two of Washingtons
    cabinet members
  • Thomas Jefferson Alexander Hamilton

13
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14
What are the functions of political parties in
the American political system?
15
Functions of Parties
  • (1) Connecting citizens to their government
  • (2) Running candidates for political office
  • (3) Informing the public
  • (4) Organizing the government

16
Connecting Citizens to their Gov
  • Parties are one of several linkage institutions
  • Connect people in a large democracy to the
    government

17
Connecting Citizens to their Gov
  • In any country with a population large enough to
    form a representative democracy, institutions
    that link people to government are a necessity

18
Connecting Citizens to their Gov
  • Party ideology and organization increase
    political efficacy
  • Helps citizens to make sense of government
    decision processes makes people feel that
    government listens to them

19
Connecting Citizens to their Gov
  • Modern linkage institutions include
  • Interest Groups
  • Media
  • Elections
  • Political Parties

20
Running Candidates for Political Office
  • Parties pick policymakers and run campaigns
  • Most elected officials (local, state, national
    level) run as nominees of a major political party

21
Running Candidates for Political Office
  • Whereas wealth certainly helps, most candidates
    rely on the party organization to coordinate
    fund their political campaigns

22
Informing the Public
  • Parties articulate policies
  • Give cues to voters

23
Informing the Public
  • Although both major parties are by necessity
    broadly based, they each convey an image
    endorse policies that help voters decide which
    candidates to support

24
Organizing the Government
  • Parties often coordinate government policymaking
    that would be more fragmented among the three
    branches the local, state, and federal levels

25
Organizing the Government
  • Informal relationships between officials in
    different parts of government but with similar
    partisan ties can make policymaking go more
    smoothly

26
Review Questions
  • In Federalist 10, what system did James Madison
    advocate in order to control factions?
  • What are the 4 functions of American political
    parties?
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