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Empires of the Americas Review

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Title: Empires of the Americas Review


1
Empires of the Americas Review
2
Aztec and Inca similarities
  • Both the Aztec and Inca had complex religious
    ceremonies
  • Both were conquered by the Spanish with help from
    people they had conquered
  • The Aztecs were conquered by Cortes
  • The Incas were conquered by Pizzaro

3
Aztec King
  • The Aztec king that was conquered by Cortes was
    Montezuma.

4
Inca King
  • The Inca king that was conquered by Pizzaro was
    Atahualpa.

5
Mayan gods
  • The Maya worshipped more than 160 gods.

6
Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations
  • All three built complex architectural structures
    like pyramids and temples
  • They were polytheistic, believing in many gods

7
Where did the Inca come from?
8
Where did the Aztec come from?
  • The valley of Mexico

9
Quipu
  • The accounting system of the Inca that involved
    tying knots in rope

10
More Inca achievements
  • Another Inca achievement was the developed a
    system of roads

11
Aztec Calendar
  • The Aztec developed a calendar so they knew when
    to perform religious ceremonies.

12
Mayan mathematics
  • Mayan mathematics was based on the number 20
  • The system included the use of glyphs, or picture
    writing

13
Slash and Burn Agriculture
  • Mayan farmers practiced slash-and-burn
    agriculture. They cut down and burned trees, then
    used the ash for fertilizer.

14
Terraces
  • The Mayas also cut terraces into the sides of
    mountains to make farming easier.

15
Aztec capital city
  • The city the Aztecs built in the Valley of Mexico
    was called Tenochtitlan.

16
Chinampas
  • Aztecs living around Tenochtitlan need to develop
    the farming of chinampas because they built
    Tenochtitlan on a lake.

17
Cuzco
  • The capital of the Inca empire was called Cuzco.

18
Inca communications
  • The Inca used runners as messengers so they could
    communicate over long distances.

19
Inca religious beliefs
  • The Inca believed that their leaders were direct
    descendants of sun god

20
Maya population
  • The majority of the Maya people were peasant
    farmers.

21
Mayan Achievement
  • The Mayan made great advancements in the science
    of astronomy (the study of the stars)
  • The Mayans also built pyramids, much like the
    Egyptians did. (So did the Inca)

22
Mayan religious practices
  • The Mayans believed that the Gods required
    sacrifices to keep them happy.

23
Mayan ball game
  • The Mayans had a ball game that resembles our
    game of soccer.
  • Often at the end of the game the losers were
    sacrificed.

24
  • Where were most of the Maya settlements located?

25
  • Where is Macchu Piccu located?

26
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