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Before Reading_1

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Title: Before Reading_1 Author: yan Last modified by: yan Created Date: 1/19/2007 8:31:11 AM Document presentation format: Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Before Reading_1


1
Before Reading_1
Directions Listen to the first story and then
answer the following questions.
Two English Stories
Quiz
Related Information
1. How did the guest help to solve the problem?
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
She poured the wine in a plastic bag and dipped
it in ice water.
What can I do to increase my creativity?
2.
What makes Edison, Picasso or even Shakespeare
different from average people?
Warm-up Questions
Its the ability to use the creative capacity by
encouraging creative impulses and then acting
upon them.
2
Before Reading_2



Two English Stories
My guests had arrived, but once again, Id
forgotten to put the wine in the fridge. Dont
worry, a friend said, I can chill it for you
right away. Five minutes later she emerged from
the kitchen with the wine perfectly cooled. Asked
to reveal her secret, she said, I poured it in a
plastic bag and dipped it in ice water. My
guests applauded. How wonderful if we could all
be that clever, one remarked.
Quiz
Related Information
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
What can I do to increase my creativity?
What separates the average person from Edison,
Picasso or even Shakespeare isnt creative
capacity. Its the ability to use that capacity
by encouraging creative impulses and then acting
upon them. Most of us seldom achieve our creative
potential, but the reservoir of ideas hiding
within every one of us can be unlocked.
Warm-up Questions
3
Before Reading_3
Directions Listen to the second story and then
answer the following questions.
Two English Stories
Quiz
  • What was the difference between the employees who
    were
  • creative and those who werent?

Related Information
What is creativity?
The difference between the employees who were
creative and those who werent was this Creative
people believed they were creative and less
creative people believed they werent.
Am I creative?
What can I do to increase my creativity?
Warm-up Questions
2.
Can creativity be nurtured?
Yes.
4
Before Reading_4
A big company wanted to increase creativity in
its employees, so it hired a group of
consultants. The consultants started by
thoroughly testing all of the employees. They
discovered the only difference between the
employees who were creative and those who werent
was this Creative people believed they were
creative and less creative people believed they
werent. Even more telling was what happened to
the group that wasnt creative. The consultants
focused on helping them nurture their creativity.
In the end, those employees were actually more
creative than the ones who had initially
considered themselves creative. That means you
too can become more creative. In fact, how
creative you become is entirely in your own hands.
Two English Stories
Quiz
Related Information
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
What can I do to increase my creativity?
Warm-up Questions
5
Before Reading_5



This quiz will help you find out how creative you
are.
Two English Stories
1. When you come across a rose, you
immediately A. smell it. B. quote every rose
poem you can remember. C. write your own poem.
D. sketch the rose. E. step on the rose. 2.
One of your dreams in life is to A. write a
novel. B. become a painter. C. travel around
the world. D. climb all the famous mountains.
E. just once, get everything done on your to-do
list.
Quiz
v
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Related Information
v
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v
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What is creativity?
v
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Am I creative?
v
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What can I do to increase my creativity?
v
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Warm-up Questions
v
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v
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6
Before Reading_6



3. Your desk A. is buried under everything
including the kitchen sink. B. resembles a
natural disaster. C. is a bit of a mess, but you
know where everything is. D. is basically neat
you use the stacking method. E. is in perfect
order. 4. The person you admire most is A.
Einstein. B. Walt Disney. C. your mother. D.
Jane Austin. E. anyone who can get everything
crossed off his or her to-do list. 5. You
consider yourself A. extremely creative. B.
creative. C. somewhat creative. D. a little
creative. E. about as creative as Einstein.
v
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Two English Stories
v
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v
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Quiz
v
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v
( )
Related Information
What is creativity?
v
( )
Am I creative?
v
( )
v
( )
What can I do to increase my creativity?
v
( )
v
( )
Warm-up Questions
v
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v
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v
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v
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v
( )
7
Before Reading_7



6. You get new ideas A. all the time. B. several
times a week. C. several times a month. D. once
or twice a month. E. very often.
Two English Stories
v
( )
v
( )
Quiz
v
( )
Related Information
v
( )
v
( )
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
Throw out all your answers except for No. 5
You consider yourself. If you answered A.
extremely creative Then youre extremely
creative. B. creative Then youre creative.
C. somewhat creative Then youre somewhat
creative. D. a little creative Then youre a
little creative. E. about as creative as
Einstein Then youre about as creative
as Einstein. Okay, this was a bit of a trick.
But its true. How creative you think you are
corresponds with how creative you really are.
What can I do to increase my creativity?
Warm-up Questions
8
Before Reading_8



What is creativity?
Two English Stories
1) Give your own definitions of creativity.
Quiz
Creativity is the ability to think up and design
new inventions, produce works of art, solve
problems in new ways, or develop an idea based on
an original, novel, or unconventional approach.
Related Information
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
What can I do to increase my creativity?
2) Give your descriptions of creativity.
Warm-up Questions
Creativity is the ability to see something in a
new way and to engage in mental and physical
experiences that are new, unique, or different.
Creativity is a critical aspect of a persons
life, starting from inside the womb onward
through adulthood.
9
Before Reading_9



3) Write down some words related to creativity.
Two English Stories
Creativeness, innovation, inventiveness,
originality
Quiz
4) Discuss the following quotations about
creativity.
Related Information
Whatever creativity is, it is in part a solution
to a problem.
Brian
Aldiss The important thing is to create. Nothing
else matters creation is all.

Pablo Picasso The creative person wants to be a
know-it-all. He wants to know about all kinds of
things ancient history, nineteenth-century
mathematics, current manufacturing techniques,
flower arranging, and hog futures, because he
never knows when these ideas might come together
to form a new idea. It may happen six minutes
later or six months, or six years down the road.
But he has faith that it will happen.

Carl Ally
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
What can I do to increase my creativity?
Warm-up Questions
10
Before Reading_10



Am I creative?
Two English Stories
Everyone has the potential to be creative. All of
us can be creative but those who are recognized
as being creative have an awareness that others
dont have. There are many components that
influence the creativity of individuals. This is
not to say that people tremendously fluctuate in
their creativity day to day or hour to hour. It
is often believed that some people are generally
more creative most of the time than others. One
aspect of a creative personality is the fluency
with which he / she generates a number of new
ideas. The creative people can not only think of
good ideas but also can explore them and record
them. Remember that creativity can be learned,
improved and increased over time.
Quiz
Related Information
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
What can I do to increase my creativity?
Warm-up Questions
11
Before Reading_11



What can I do to increase my creativity?
Two English Stories
The first step to become more creative is to give
yourself permission to do things creatively. The
second is to overcome your mental blocks to
creativity. For some people, being creative
involves trying not to be embarrassed by their
own ideas for others, it is a matter of being
aware that things can be done in many different
ways. Some people are confident enough to have
fewer inhibitions and can just let their creative
natures work. It really helps to think of
creativity as a skill or set of skills. By
practicing, everyone can use it better.
Quiz
Related Information
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
What can I do to increase my creativity?
Warm-up Questions
12
Before Reading_12



Two English Stories
1. Can you name some of the famous people who are
creative? 2. What kind of traits do you think are
unique to creative people? 3. Do you think you
are creative?
Quiz
Related Information
What is creativity?
Am I creative?
What can I do to increase my creativity?
Warm-up Questions
13
Global Reading_1
Part Division of the Text
Parts
Paragraphs
Main Ideas
Further Understanding
What makes the personalities of creative people
different from others can be generalized with one
word complexity.
1
1
Part 1 Role-play Part 1
Part 2 Role-play Part 2
The author tells us eight traits that are often
found in creative people.
2
215
Find the pairs of antonyms in Part 2.
14
Global Reading_2
Directions The author is going to have a TV
interview. One of the students will play the
role of the author and prepare a brief
introduction to the research and its findings,
using the information given in the text and your
own imagination. The other student will play the
role of a TV host.
Part Division of the Text
Further Understanding
Part 1 Role-play Part 1
Part 2 Role-play Part 2
Find the pairs of antonyms in Part 2.
15
Global Reading_3
Directions Go on with the role-play. The
students will work in pairs. Each pair only has
to finish one of the traits mentioned by the
author.
Part Division of the Text
Further Understanding
Part 1 Role-play Part 1
Part 2 Role-play Part 2
Find the pairs of antonyms in Part 2.
16
Global Reading_4
Find the pairs of antonyms in Part 2.
Part Division of the Text
convergent divergent, extroverted
introverted, extroversion introversion, humble
proud
Further Understanding
Part 1 Role-play Part 1
Part 2 Role-play Part 2
Find the pairs of antonyms in Part 2.
17
Detailed Reading_t0
How do creative people live and work? What are
the qualities that make creative people different
from others? Read the following passage and see
what the author says.
Detailed Reading
18
Detailed Reading_t1
The Creative Personality Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
Detailed Reading
I have devoted 30 years of research to how
creative people live and work. If I had to
express in one word what makes their
personalities different from others, its
complexity. They contain contradictory
extremes instead of being an individual, each
of them is a multitude.
Here are some traits that are often found in
creative people. These traits are integrated with
each other in a dialectical manner.
19
Detailed Reading_t2
1. Creative people have a great deal of physical
energy, but they are also often quiet and at
rest. They can work long hours with great
concentration while remaining fresh and
enthusiastic all the time. This does not mean
that creative people are always active. In fact,
they rest often and sleep a lot. The important
thing is that they know how to control their
energy, which is not ruled by the calendar, the
clock or an external schedule. When necessary,
they can focus it like a laser beam when not,
creative types immediately recharge their
batteries. This is not a biorhythm inherited
with their genes it was learned by trial and
error as a strategy for achieving their goals.
2. Creative people tend to be smart yet naive at
the same time. Another way of expressing this
dialectic is the contrasting poles of wisdom and
childishness. As Howard Gardner reveals in his
study of the major creative geniuses of the 20th
century, a certain immaturity, both emotional and
mental, can go hand in hand with deepest
insights.
Detailed Reading
20
Detailed Reading_t3
Earlier studies on superior mental abilities show
that children with very high IQs do well in life,
but after a certain point, IQ does not seem to be
correlated any longer with superior performance
in real life. Later studies suggest that it might
be difficult to do creative work with a lower IQ,
but an IQ beyond 120 does not necessarily imply
higher creativity.
Detailed Reading
Furthermore, creative people seem able to use
well two opposite ways of thinking the
convergent and the divergent. Convergent thinking
is measured by IQ tests, and it involves solving
well-defined, rational problems that have one
correct answer. Divergent thinking leads to no
agreed-upon solution. It involves the ability
to generate a great quantity of ideas
flexibility, or the ability to switch from one
perspective to another and originality in
picking unusual associations of ideas. Yet
divergent thinking is not of much use without the
ability to tell a good idea from a bad one, and
for this, we must rely on convergent thinking.
21
Detailed Reading_t4
3. Creative people alternate between imagination
and a deeply-rooted sense of reality. Great art
and great science involve a leap of imagination
into a world that is different from the present.
In fact, the whole point of art and science is to
go beyond what we now consider real and create a
new reality.
Detailed Reading
4. Creative people tend to be both extroverted
and introverted. Were usually one or the other,
either preferring to be in the thick of crowds
or sitting on the sidelines and observing the
passing show. In fact, in current psychological
research,
extroversion and introversion are considered to
be the most stable personality traits that
distinguish people from each other. Creative
individuals seem to exhibit both traits at the
same time.
22
Detailed Reading_t5
5. Creative people are humble and proud at the
same time. These individuals stand on the
shoulders of giants. Their respect for the area
in which they work makes them aware of the long
line of previous contributions to it. And theyre
usually so focused on
Detailed Reading
future projects and current challenges that past
accomplishments, no matter how outstanding, are
no longer very interesting to them.
6. Creative people are both rebellious and
conservative. Being only traditional leaves an
area unchanged constantly taking chances without
regard to tradition rarely leads to novelty. But
the willingness to take risks is absolutely
necessary. The economist George Stigler is very
emphatic in this regard,
23
Detailed Reading_t6
Id say one of the most common failures of
able people is a lack of nerve. They just play
safe games. In innovation, you have to play a
less safe game, if its going to be interesting.
Its not predictable that itll go 7. Most
creative people are very passionate about their
work, yet they can be extremely objective about
it as well. Without the passion, we soon lose
interest in a difficult task. Yet without being
objective about it, our work is not very good and
lacks credibility.
Detailed Reading
well.
8. Creative peoples openness and sensitivity
often exposes them to suffering and pain, yet
also to a great deal of enjoyment. Inventors
have a low threshold of pain. Things bother them.
A badly designed machine causes pain to an
inventive engineer, just as the creative writer
is hurt when reading bad prose. Being alone at
the forefront of a discipline also leaves you
exposed and vulnerable. Eminence invites
criticism and often vicious attacks. When an
artist has invested years in making a sculpture,
or a scientist in developing a theory, it is
devastating if nobody cares.
24
Detailed Reading_t7
Perhaps the most difficult thing for creative
individuals to bear is the sense of loss and
emptiness they experience when, for some reason,
they cannot work. This is especially painful when
a person feels his or her creativity drying
out. Yet when a person is working in the area of
his or her expertise, worries and cares fall
away, replaced by a sense of happiness. Perhaps
the most important quality, the one that is most
consistently present in all creative individuals,
is the ability to enjoy the process of creation
for its own sake. Without this trait, poets would
give up striving for perfection and would write
commercial jingles economists would work for
banks where they would earn at least twice as
much as they do at universities and physicists
would stop doing basic research and join
industrial laboratories where the conditions are
better and the expectations more predictable.
Detailed Reading
25
Detailed Reading_t1_They
They contain contradictory extremes instead of
being an individual, each of them is a
multitude.
Detailed Reading
Paraphrase the sentence.
Creative people have many different
personalities. Instead of possessing the
personality traits that are normally found only
in different people, they possess these different
traits all in themselves, as if each of them were
made up of many individuals.
26
Detailed Reading_t2_When
When necessary, they can focus it like a laser
beam when not, creative types immediately
recharge their batteries.
Detailed Reading
Paraphrase the sentence.
Creative people have the extraordinary ability to
concentrate their energy on their work if
necessary however, when such concentration is
unnecessary, they will stop working and relax,
refreshing themselves for future tasks.
27
Detailed Reading_t2_This
This is not a biorhythm inherited with their
genes it was learned by trial and error as a
strategy for achieving their goals.
Detailed Reading
Translate the sentence into Chinese.
????????????????????????????????????
28
Detailed Reading_t2_As Howard
As Howard Gardner reveals in his study of the
major creative geniuses of the 20th century, a
certain immaturity, both emotional and mental,
can go hand in hand with deepest insights.
Detailed Reading
Paraphrase this part of the sentence a certain
immaturity, both emotional and mental, can go
hand in hand with deepest insights.
Creative people can be very intelligent and
insightful meanwhile they may be immature both
emotionally and mentally in a certain way. That
is to say, they may be very intelligent and yet
at the same time be childish and naive sometimes.
29
Detailed Reading_t4_either
either preferring to be in the thick of crowds
or sitting on the sidelines and observing the
passing show.
Detailed Reading
Paraphrase this part of the sentence.
Creative people either choose to be in the
company of many people or to stand outside the
crowd and watch what others do.
30
Detailed Reading_t5_These individuals
These individuals stand on the shoulders of
giants.
Detailed Reading
Where does the phrase stand on the shoulders of
giants come from?
It quotes from Newtons words If I have seen
further, it is by standing on the shoulders of
giants.
31
Detailed Reading_t6_Inventors
Inventors have a low threshold of pain.
Detailed Reading
What does a low threshold of pain mean?
It means the inability to suffer a lot of pain.
32
Detailed Reading_t6_Eminence
Eminence invites criticism and often vicious
attacks.
Detailed Reading
1. What does invite mean here?
It means encourage something bad to happen,
especially without intending to.
2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
???????,???????????
33
Detailed Reading_t8_For the
For the first time I had money and open doors
everywhere.
Detailed Reading
1. How do you understand open doors in this
sentence?
Open doors refer to opportunities in the
authors life.
2. What can be inferred from this sentence?
With the publication of Roots, the author
achieved great success and became well-known. He
was no longer the poor young man he used to be.
34
Detailed Reading_t9_And I
And I said to myself, The things in this bag are
part of my roots, too. I cant ever forget that.
Detailed Reading
Why did the author say the things in this bag
were part of his roots, too?
Because the things reminded him of his past
before he achieved success. Although he became a
famous writer, he thought he should remember the
time when he was striving for success.
35
Detailed Reading_t9_But only
But only one reminds me of the courage and
persistence it takes to stay the course in the
Shadowland.
Detailed Reading
1. What does the one refer to in this sentence?
It refers to the clear plastic case in which the
two sardine cans and 18 cents were kept.
2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.
???????????,?????????????????????????
36
Detailed Reading_t1_devote
devote v. use all or most of your time, effort,
etc. in order to do sth. or help sb.
Detailed Reading
He devoted his energies to writing films.
She devoted herself to her business.
37
Detailed Reading_t1_multitude
multitude n.
Detailed Reading
a very large number of people or things
I had never seen such a multitude of stars
before.
There is a multitude of possible interpretations.
These systems are capable of performing a
multitude of different tasks.
38
Detailed Reading_t1_integrate
integrate v.
if two or more things integrate, or if you
integrate them, they combine or work together in
a way that makes sth. more effective
Detailed Reading
Colorful illustrations are integrated into the
text.
Many schools are now integrating computer science
into the curriculum.
39
Detailed Reading_t2_external
external adj. relating to the outside of sth. or
of a persons body relating to your environment
or situation, rather than to your own qualities,
ideas, etc.
Detailed Reading
They did it in response to external pressures.
This medicine is for external use only.
External causes become operative through internal
causes.
Collocations
external cause external force external affairs
40
Detailed Reading_t2_recharge ones batteries
recharge ones batteries
Detailed Reading
(informal) rest or relax in order to get back
your energy
Im going to spend a week in the mountains to
recharge my batteries.
41
Detailed Reading_t2_trial1
trial n.
Detailed Reading
a process of testing to find out whether sth.
works effectively and is safe
The new drug is undergoing clinical trials.
The security system will be reviewed after a
three-month trial period.
42
Detailed Reading_t2_trial2
Directions Choose the proper meanings for the
italicized parts in the following sentences.
Detailed Reading
1. I learned most of what I know about gardening
through trial and error. 2. My brothers and
I were always a real trial to my parents. 3. They
let me have the computer on trial for thirty
days. 4. The idea of trial marriage is nothing
new. a. something or someone that is difficult
to deal with, and that is worrying or
annoying b. testing many different methods of
doing something in order to find the best c.
when two people live together without being
married, to see if they will be suitable
partners d. a short period during which you use
or do something to find out whether they are
satisfactory for a particular purpose
1-b, 2-a, 3-d, 4-c
43
Detailed Reading_t2_(go) hand in hand
(go) hand in hand
if two things go hand in hand, they are closely
connected
Detailed Reading
Wealth and power go hand in hand in most
societies.
They say that genius often goes hand in hand with
madness.
44
Detailed Reading_t2_insight
insight n.
a sudden clear understanding of sth. or part of
sth., especially a complicated situation or idea
Detailed Reading
The article gives us a real insight into the
causes of the present economic crisis.
The research provides new insights into the way
we process language.
????????????????????
His speech gave us an insight into the problems
of education.
45
Detailed Reading_t3_superior
superior adj.
Detailed Reading
1) of very good quality
This handbag is made of superior leather.
2) better, more powerful, more effective, etc.
than a similar person or thing, especially one
that you are competing against
??????????????????
This western restaurant is superior to the one we
went to last week.
Pattern
superior to
Antonym inferior
NB
46
Detailed Reading_t3_contract
correlate v.
Detailed Reading
if two or more facts, ideas, etc. correlate or if
you correlate them, they are closely connected to
each other or one causes the other
Smoking and lung cancer are closely correlated.
Poverty and poor housing correlate with a shorter
life expectancy.
They are trying to find out if these behavior
patterns correlate with particular changes in
diet.
47
Detailed Reading_t4_alternate
alternate v. if two things alternate, or if you
alternate them, they happen one after the other
in a repeated pattern
Detailed Reading
Work alternated with sleep.
His moods alternated between happiness and gloom.
48
Detailed Reading_t4_distinguish1
distinguish v. recognize and understand the
difference between two or more things or people
Detailed Reading
Small children cant distinguish between right
and wrong.
???????????????????
Can you distinguish the different musical
instruments being played now?
??????????????? ????,???????????????,?
???? ????? ???,??????????????,
??????? ?????
49
Detailed Reading_t4_distinguish2
Directions Fill in the blanks with the two words
above. Change the form where necessary.
Detailed Reading
1. Can you good books from
bad ones? 2. I can my
roommates by their footsteps. 3. The twins are
so alike its difficult to
one from the other.
discriminate
__________
distinguish
_________
distinguish
_________
50
Detailed Reading_t5_regard
regard n. (formal) attention or consideration
that is shown towards sb. or sth.
Detailed Reading
She has no regard for other peoples feelings.
The present administration has demonstrated
little regard for environmental issues.
Collocations
as regards with regard to sth. in this /
that regard
51
Detailed Reading_t6_nerve
nerve n. courage and confidence in a dangerous,
difficult, or frightening situation
Detailed Reading
It must have taken a lot of nerve to risk so much
money on one product.
Collocations
have the nerve to do sth. lose ones nerve
???????????????? ????????????????????????
??? ???????? ???????????????????????
???? ?? ???????????????????????????
52
Detailed Reading_t6_innovation
innovation n. the introduction of new ideas or
methods
Detailed Reading
We must encourage innovation if the company is to
remain competitive.
The innovation of air travel during this century
has made the world seem smaller.
Many people feel bewildered by the speed of
technological innovation.
53
Detailed Reading_t6_credibility
credibility n. the quality of deserving to be
believed and trusted
Detailed Reading
There are serious questions about the credibility
of these reports.
The predictions of economic recovery have lost
all credibility.
??????????????
The scandal has damaged his credibility as a
leader.
54
Detailed Reading_t6_expose
expose v. put sb. in a situation where they are
not protected from sth. dangerous or unpleasant
Detailed Reading
The report revealed that workers had been exposed
to high levels of radiation.
As a nurse in the war she was exposed to many
dangers.
They consider it almost a crime to expose
children to violence and sex on TV.
55
Detailed Reading_t6_threshold
threshold n. the level at which sth. starts to
happen or have an effect
Detailed Reading
She has a very low threshold of pain.
Eighty percent of the vote was the threshold for
approval of the plan.
56
Detailed Reading_t6_be at / in / to the forefront
(of sth.)
be at / in / to the forefront (of sth.) be in a
leading position in an important activity that is
trying to achieve sth. or develop new ideas
Detailed Reading
The company has always been at the forefront of
science and technology.
Prison conditions have been pushed to the
forefront of public debate.
She has been at the forefront of the struggle for
womens rights.
57
DetailedReading_t6_vicious
vicious adj. very unkind in a way that is
intended to hurt sb.s feelings or make their
character seem bad
Detailed Reading
He gave the dog a vicious blow with his stick.
She was shocked by the vicious tone in his voice.
58
DetailedReading_t6_devastating
devastating adj. badly damaging or destroying
sth.
Detailed Reading
Acid rain has a devastating effect on the forest.
The oil spill had devastating consequences for
wildlife.
It will be a devastating blow for the town if the
factory closes.
59
Detailed Reading_t7_expertise
expertise n. special skills or knowledge in a
particular subject that you learn by experience
or training
Detailed Reading
What he brings to the company is financial
expertise.
His business expertise will be of great help to
us.
She displayed considerable expertise in keeping
the horse under control.
60
Detailed Reading_t7_for the sake of sb
for the sake of sb. / sth., for sb.s / sth.s
sake in order to help, improve, or please sb. or
sth.
Detailed Reading
He moved to the seaside for the sake of his
health.
I hope hes told the truth for his own sake.
????????????,????????!
Im not talking just for talkings sake this is
important!
61
Detailed Reading_t7_strive
strive v. make a great effort to achieve sth.
Detailed Reading
We must continue to strive for greater efficiency.
Patterns
strive to do sth. strive for / after
?????????,????? ?endeavor??,????????,?str
ive?????? ????,??????????
?????,??????,?????,???????? ?????
????,??attempt??,????????,????
?????????????????? ????,??????????????????
?
62
After Reading_1.1
integrate with each other in a dialectical manner
1. ?????????
Useful Expressions
2. ????
have a great deal of physical energy
Blank Filling
3. ??
recharge ones batteries
Discussion
4. ????????
learn by trial and error
Optional Classroom Activity
5. ????
(go) hand in hand
convergent thinking
6. ????
Picture Talking
divergent thinking
7. ????
Writing Practice
switch from one perspective to another
8. ?????????????
Proverbs and Quotations
9. ??????????
tell a good idea from a bad one
10. ????????
a deeply-rooted sense of reality
11. ?????
be in the thick of crowds
12. ????
sit on the sidelines
13. ????????
stand on the shoulders of giants
63
After Reading_1.2
take risks
14. ??
Useful Expressions
without regard to
15. ??,??
Blank Filling
in this regard
16. ?????
Discussion
a lack of nerve
17. ??????
Optional Classroom Activity
play safe games
18. ??????
lack credibility
19. ?????
Picture Talking
have a low threshold of pain
20. ????????
Writing Practice
at the forefront of a discipline
21. ??????
Proverbs and Quotations
22. ??????
develop a theory
dry out
23. ??,??
work in the area of ones expertise
24. ??????????
fall away
25. ??
strive for perfection
26. ????
64
After Reading_2
Directions Fill in the blanks in the following
passage with the appropriate words or phrases
from the text.
After 30 years research on how creative people
live and work, I found several common traits of
them. Creative people have a great deal of
physical energy and know how to
(1). Learning by
(2), they can focus their energy like a laser
beam when necessary when not, they immediately
(3). Creative
people tend to be smart yet (4) at the
same time, for a certain immaturity can
(5) with deepest insights.
Creative people seem able to use well two
opposite ways of thinking the convergent and
(6). Creative people tend to
be both extroverted and (7).
Creative people are both rebellious and
(8). Creative people are very
passionate yet (9) about their
work. Creative people have
(10) in other words, they feel
pain easily.
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
control their
Discussion
trial and error
____________
energy
Optional Classroom Activity
recharge their batteries
___________________
Picture Talking
naive
_____
Writing Practice
go hand in hand
______________
Proverbs and Quotations
____________
the divergent
introverted
_________
__________
conservative
objective
________
a low threshold of pain
__________________
65
After Reading_3.1
Directions The following are ten traits that
contribute to the creative personality. Discuss
one or two of them with your classmates about
whether you agree or disagree with these traits.
Use specific examples and details to support your
answer.
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
the inclination to find strangeness interesting
or exciting rather than frightening
tolerance of ambiguity
Optional Classroom Activity
breaking free from assumptions about a specific
situation
stimulus freedom
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
imagining how objects can be used for different
purposes
functional freedom
Proverbs and Quotations
open to the world, open to changes, and prepared
to bring about changes
flexibility
the willingness to take risks and chances and
departing from a sense of security
risk taking
66
After Reading_3.2
predilection for disarray, complexity and
asymmetry
preference for disorder
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
the willingness to endure the stress of prolonged
effort so as to reap higher pleasures in the long
run
delay of gratification
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
freedom from sex-role stereotyping
capable of exerting the influence automatically
regardless of sex
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
the capacity to endure frustration and obstacles
perseverance
Proverbs and Quotations
passionately pursuing a creative endeavor
regardless of consequences
courage
67
After Reading_4
Directions Work in groups of three or four and
tell your group members your understanding of the
following story and the inspiration you get from
it.
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
According to an ancient story, King Gordius of
Phrygia (????????????) tied an intricate knot,
and he announced that whoever could untie the
Gordian Knot would become King of Asia. All who
tried failed to solve this strangely complicated
puzzle. Then Alexander the Great (??????) had a
turn. After several unsuccessful attempts to find
a starting point, he became angry. Finally, he
said, Ill just make up my own knot-untying
rules. He pulled out his sword and cut the knot
in half. He then became King of Asia.
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
68
After Reading_5
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
69
After Reading_5
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
70
After Reading_5
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
71
After Reading_5
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
72
After Reading_5
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
73
After Reading_5
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
74
After Reading_5
Useful Expressions
Blank Filling
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
75
After Reading_6
Useful Expressions
Directions Write a passage with at least 120
words according to the outline given below.
Blank Filling
Title A Creative Person 1. A creative person I
know 2. The traits that can be found in him / her
Discussion
Optional Classroom Activity
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
76
After Reading_7
1. Imagination is the source of creation.
????????
Useful Expressions
2. He who risks nothing, gains nothing.
Blank Filling
????,?????
Discussion
3. Imagination is more important than
knowledge.
Optional Classroom Activity
???????????
Work is more than a necessity for most human
beings it is the focus of their lives, the
source of their identity and creativity.

Sayles, British writer
4.
Picture Talking
Writing Practice
Proverbs and Quotations
???????,??????????,??????????,??????????????

???? ???
Happiness lies not in the mere possession of
money it lies in the joy of achievement, in the
thrill of creative effort.
Roosevelt, American President
5.
?????????,??????????????????????

???? ???
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