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The Crucible

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The Crucible Test Review The Crucible Character Review Abigail Williams Orphaned niece of Rev. Parris Mistress of Proctor Leads crying out during the trial Uses ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Crucible


1
The Crucible
  • Test Review

2
The Crucible
  • Character Review

3
Abigail Williams
  • Orphaned niece of Rev. Parris
  • Mistress of Proctor
  • Leads crying out during the trial
  • Uses her power to rid herself of Elizabeth
  • Flees town when she fears the villagers are about
    to turn on her

4
John Proctor
  • Good man with human frailties and a guilty secret
  • Often the voice of reason in the play
  • Accused of witchcraft
  • Will not commit to a confession to save himself
  • He finds goodness in himself when he decides not
    to confess

5
Elizabeth Proctor
  • Wife of John Proctor
  • She discovered an affair going on between her
    husband and Abigail and turned Abigail out of her
    house
  • She is Abigails main target, but is saved from
    hanging by pregnancy
  • She feels responsibility for driving her husband
    to an affair
  • When John will not lie to save himself, she
    supports his decision because it is his way of
    redeeming himself and she cannot take it from him

6
Putnam
  • Vindictive, bitter villager who believes he has
    been wronged and cheated
  • Leading village voice against the witches
  • All but one of his children have died he needs
    someone to blame
  • He is accused of coercing his daughter to accuse
    people, for example, George Jacobs, in order to
    gain their forfeited land.

7
Mrs. Putnam
  • Wife of Thomas Putnam
  • First plants the idea that Betty has been
    bewitched
  • All of her children except one have died
  • Sent her daughter to Tituba to cast a spell to
    discover the supposed murderer of her children

8
Ruth Putnam
  • Daughter of the Putnams
  • In a coma like state at the opening of the play
    because she has supposedly been bewitched
  • Involved in the crying out at the trials

9
Mercy Lewis
  • Putnams servant
  • Also involved in the accusation of witches (seems
    to enjoy it)
  • When Abigail flees town, it is believed Mercy
    goes with her

10
Mary Warren
  • Proctors servant
  • An easily swayed, weak young girl who plants the
    evidence of witchcraft on Elizabeth
  • Admits the accusations of the girls are false,
    but then changes her story because she fears
    Abigail as the other girls start to turn against
    her
  • Used by Abigail to accuse Elizabeth of witchcraft

11
Giles Corey
  • Has brought numerous lawsuits against neighbors
    before the courts
  • Thrown in jail for contempt of court for not
    revealing where information accusing Putnam of
    false witchcraft accusations against George
    Jacobs came from
  • Inadvertantly accuses his wife of witchcraft
  • He is eventually pressed to death when he refuses
    to enter a plea to the charges (pleading guilty
    or conviction would have meant forfeiture of his
    land, leaving his sons with no inheritance)
  • Dies for truth and honor. His last words were
    more weight.

12
Hathorne
  • One of the judges at the trial

13
Tituba
  • Parriss slave from Barbados
  • First accused witch
  • Enlisted by Abigail and Ruth Putnam to cast
    spells and charms
  • Due to pressure and fear, admits to consorting
    with the Devil and names others as witches

14
Rebecca Nurse
  • Wife of the respected Francis Nurse
  • Midwife
  • Exemplary Christian
  • Accused witch who refuses to admit to witchcraft
    and is hanged
  • News of her arrest and execution shows how out of
    control the situation in Salem is.

15
Rev. Hale
  • A minister who is a recognized authority on
    witchcraft
  • At the plays end tries to save the accused by
    convincing them to confess
  • Suffers guilt for he says the executed peoples
    blood is on his head

16
Sarah Good
  • Accused witch who cracks under the strain of
    imprisonment
  • Becomes delusional due to the harsh conditions of
    the jail, but is not executed because she is
    pregnant

17
Reverend Parris
  • A minister in Salem who is more worried about his
    reputation than the life of his daughter or the
    lives of his parishioners
  • Encounters the girls in the woods dancing
  • Not well-liked by many of the villagers and
    fearful for his job, Reverend Parris eventually
    sees the complete chaos brought on by the trials.
    He urges Proctor to confess and save himself

18
Susanna
  • Doctors messenger
  • Involved in the crying out

19
Cheever
  • Works as an official of the court to arrest the
    accused witches

20
Herrick
  • An official of the court who acts as the
    jailkeeper
  • Pressure of his job drives him to drink

21
Martha Corey
  • Giles Coreys wife who is inadvertantly accused
    of witchcraft by her husband for reading books

22
Goody Osburn
  • Midwife at birth of three Putnam babies who were
    born dead
  • Accused and executed witch

23
Danforth
  • Deputy Governor of Massachusetts who is taken in
    by the testimony
  • He is overcome with his own power. He will not
    postpone the trials or executions because he is
    not willing to admit to any mistakes.

24
Betty Parris
  • Parriss young daughter
  • Until Abigail gives her a valid explanation for
    dancing in the woods, she lies mute in her bed,
    terrified of her father
  • One of the girls who cries out during the
    trial, she is weak and terrified. She is easily
    made Abigails fool.

25
The Crucible
  • The Setting

26
Act One, Setting and Summary
  • Act One takes place in the home of Reverend
    Parris. Conflicts, resentments, and motives for
    accusing others all surface in this act, which
    begins with witchcraft and ends with a chilling
    crying out of those who supposedly kept company
    with the devil. The tragedy of Salem is set in
    motion.

27
The Motives
  • Fear
  • Self-preservation
  • Spite and malice

28
Act Two, Setting and Summary
  • Act Two is set in the home of the Proctors as the
    Salem troubles visit their doorstep. We learn
    that Abigail has accused Elizabeth of witchcraft.
    Haunted by Abigails accusation as a consequence
    of his affair, John Proctor must decide if he has
    the courage to publicly admit his affair in order
    to save his wife.

29
Act Three, Summary and Setting
  • Set in the Salem courtroom, the Third Act reveals
    that Justice is not always as it is depicted. As
    characters with varying and often opposing
    motives take the stand, it becomes clear that the
    search for justice can be affected by human
    impulses, both ill and well meant.

30
Act Four, Summary and Setting
  • The setting turns to the jail as the morning of
    Johns execution arrives. The judges force John
    to decide whether he will live or die. Proctor
    must search his soul to discover if he is strong
    enough to face death rather than to be dishonest.
    In the end, he finds goodness in himself by
    choosing to die rather than to be dishonest.
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