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The Executive Branch

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SSCG12- TSW analyze the various roles played by the President of the US; including Commander in Chief of the Armed forces, chief executive, chief agenda setter ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Executive Branch


1
Unit 4
  • The Executive Branch

2
The President
  • 44 Total
  • First George Washington
  • Current President Barack Obama

3
Qualifications
  • Formal (in the Constitution)
  • 35 years old
  • Natural born citizen
  • Resident of US for 14 years

4
  • Informal
  • Experience in government
  • Access to money for campaigning
  • Moderate political beliefs
  • Most have had shared backgrounds
  • Caucasian, protestant and male
  • Know and understand the people
  • Communicate effectively
  • Have good timing
  • Flexible and open to new ideas
  • Able to compromise
  • Have political courage

5
Compensation
  • Salary 400,000 50,000 in expenses
  • Paid medical and dental benefits
  • Pension of 148,000/yr med and den benefits
  • Secret Service protection for life
  • Air Force 1
  • Camp David

6
Term Limits
  • Limited by the Constitution to 4-year terms
  • 22nd Amendment limited President to 2 full terms
    with no more than 10 years total

7
Roles of the President
  • Head of State
  • Chief Executive
  • Chief Legislator
  • Economic Planner
  • Party Leader
  • Chief Diplomat
  • Commander in Chief

8
Head of State
  • Ceremonial or symbolic leader to the world
  • Lights the National Christmas Tree
  • Pardons the Thanksgiving Turkey
  • Hosts the SuperBowl winners!

9
Chief Executive
  • Runs both foreign and domestic affairs of the
    country
  • Directs 3,000,000 employees and the spending of
    1.6 Trillion
  • Runs the largest government in the world

10
Chief Legislator
  • Initiates, suggests and shapes legislation
  • Outlines his legislative agenda in his State of
    the Union address every January
  • May use political favors to gain congressional
    support
  • Has the threat of veto

11
Economic Planner
  • Has gained important economic powers since the
    New Deal
  • Promotes high employment, production, and
    purchasing power
  • Required to prepare the federal budget each year

12
Party Leader
  • Helps raise funds and plan campaign strategies
  • Uses political patronage
  • Face of the party

13
Chief Diplomat
  • Directs foreign policy
  • Appoints Secretary of State
  • Appoints ambassadors
  • Negotiates and signs treaties

14
Commander-in-Chief
  • Makes key military policy decisions
  • 2,000,000 and the powerful US arsenal of weapons
    is under the direct and immediate control of the
    President
  • Limited by the War Powers Act

15
Sources and Limitations of Presidential Power
  • Sources
  • Constitution
  • Immediate needs of the nation
  • Personal feelings of Pres in regards to role of
    pres
  • Mandate- expressed will of the people
  • Limtations
  • Congress (War Powers Act)
  • Federal Courts (Marbury v Madison, New Deal)
  • Bureaucracy
  • Public Opinion

16
Powers of the President
  • Executive
  • Diplomatic
  • Military
  • Legislative
  • Judicial

17
Executive Powers
  • Running the gov
  • 3,000,000 personel
  • Executive Orders
  • Ex Order on Lybia
  • Appointment and Removal powers
  • Dont Ask, Dont Tell
  • No broccoli at the White House

18
Diplomatic and Military Powers
  • Treaty making
  • Executive Agreements
  • Recognition
  • Most Favored Nation Status
  • Threat of Force
  • Use of Force

19
Legislative
  • Recommend Laws
  • Threaten to Veto
  • Veto
  • Threaten Special Sessions
  • Promise
  • Pork Barrel
  • Patronage
  • Money
  • Help

20
Judicial
  • Limited to Federal Crimes excluding impeachment
  • Reprieve
  • Pardon
  • Commute
  • Amnesty

21
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22
The Executive Branch and the Bureaucracy
  • President/Vice President First Ladies
  • Executive Office of the Presidents
  • EOP
  • 15 Cabinet Departments
  • Cabinet
  • Over 500 Independent Agencies/Regulatory
    Commissions
  • Agencies
  • Government Corporations
  • Government Corps

23
Want a Job?
  • Spoils System
  • Corrupt, gave jobs to unqualified supporters
  • Patronage
  • Giving jobs to supporters (corrupt if not
    qualified)
  • Pendelton Act creates the Civil Service System
  • Eliminated the spoils system
  • Employment based upon open, competitive
    examinations and merit

24
Jobs
  • Most of the 3,000,000 jobs continue from year to
    yearemployed based upon expertise, civil service
    exams, etc
  • Major heads of departments and agencies
    (appointed) change when new administration takes
    office

25
Iron Triangle
  • Agencies
  • Client Groups (Interest Groups)
  • Congress
  • All work together to influence and set policy
  • Iron because its very difficult for outsiders
    to have much influence

26
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