The 1970s were difficult times in America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The 1970s were difficult times in America PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 74b189-YmQyM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The 1970s were difficult times in America

Description:

The 1970s were difficult times in America The oil crisis The economy is weak The outcome of the Vietnam War Marxist regimes in Nicaragua & El Salvador – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:69
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 31
Provided by: NPSD150
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The 1970s were difficult times in America


1
  • The 1970s were difficult times in America
  • The oil crisis
  • The economy is weak
  • The outcome of the Vietnam War
  • Marxist regimes in Nicaragua El Salvador
  • The Soviets invasion of Afghanistan.
  • The Iranian Hostage Crisis Carters failed
    rescue
  • As a result of Carters policies the American
    military had low morale, low pay outdated
    equipment Key military personnel were not
    re-enlisting

2
The Conservative Tide
Conservatism Ronald Reagan Bush H.W.
Bush 1981-1989 1989-1993
3
Ronald Reagan
  • Movie star. President of the Screen Actors Guild
  • 1966 Elected Governor of CA
  • 1980 Elected President
  • 1981 Attempted assassination
  • 1984 Re-elected Landslide victory

4
  • The Conservative Movement in The U.S...
  • Reduce the size of the Government
  • Reduce government spending
  • Reduce government regulations to stimulate
    business
  • Lower taxes
  • Strengthen the national defense
  • Promote family values patriotic ideas
  • Supported by the New Right
  • Pro- Life
  • School Prayer
  • Anti-Affirmative Action
  • Personal Responsibility

5
The 1980 Election Reagan vs. Carter
  • The major campaign issues
  • The Iranian Hostage crisis
  • The weak economy

6
1984 Ronald Reagan vs. Walter Mondale
  • Reagan landslide
  • Geraldine Ferraro was Mondales VP The first
    women on a major partys Presidential ticket.

7
What was Reaganomics?
  • Commonly associated with supply-side economics
    or trickle-down economics.
  • The four pillars of Reagan's economic policy
    were
  • Reduce the size of government
  • Reduce government spending
  • Reduce taxes
  • Reduce government regulation
  • Reduce inflation

Reagans First Inaugural address Government is
not the solution to our problem government is
the problem.
Drastic cuts in social programs Welfare
Job-training Medicaid School lunches Student
loans.
8
Recession, Recovery the National Debt
  • Tax Cuts consumer spending spark the economy
  • Stocks surged, unemployment declined GNP went
    up 10.
  • Major stock market crash in1987 The market
    rebounds
  • Federal spending still exceeded Federal revenue
    due to the tax cuts.
  • By 1984 the national debt doubles under Reagan

9
Deregulation
  • Reagan cut back on the regulation of industry
  • Deregulation increased business competition
    lower prices for consumers
  • Reagan cuts Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    fundingMore mining, logging, oil gas drilling
    Potential environmental risk?
  • Deregulation of the Savings Loan Banks

10
Urban Crisis in the 1980s...
  • High Unemployment
  • Homelessness
  • Crumbling Infrastructure
  • Lack of health services
  • Deteriorating Schools
  • Drugs (Crack)
  • A surge in gangs and gang violence

11
Social Issues of 1980s
  • AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)
  • Drugs
  • The abortion issue Roe v. Wade 1973Over turn
    the Roe decision...Pro-life vs. Pro-choice
  • The War on Drugs Nancy Reagans anti- drug
    campaign Just Say no! to drugs This is your
    brain on drugs.

12
Education 1980s
  • A Federal Commission issued a report in 1983
    called
  • A Nation at Risk
  • 23 million Americans cant fill out a job
    application or follow an instruction manual

13
1983 The evil empire.
  • In a speech Reagan refers to the USSR as the
    evil empire
  • Reagan sought to exceed the SU's military power.
  • Reagan predicted this would be the final pages
    of the history of the S.U.
  • Reagan angered Soviet leaders escalated the
    Cold War.

14
Cold war victory through strength
Reagan begins the largest peace build up of the
military in history.
  • Reagan begins a massive military build up to wear
    down the Soviets
  • Revived the B-1 bomber program, (canceled by the
    Carter)
  • Deploys the Peacekeeper missile
  • NATO deploys the Pershing II missile in West
    Germany
  • Reagan expanded the U.S. military budget to a
    staggering 43 increase over the height of the
    Vietnam war.

15
1983 Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) AKA
Star Wars
  • A plan to develop a space-based missile defense
    program that could defend a nuclear attack.
  • If successful, could destroy the Soviet ability
    to make a first strike.
  • An arms race... The Soviets wanted to keep pace
    with the US, but they couldn't afford to the
    game.
  • It was unrealistic?...Dependent on not yet
    developed space-based laser systems.
  • Reagan beat the Soviets economically... The cost
    of the arms race damages the Soviet economy...
    Soviet Communism will collapse.

16
(No Transcript)
17
1983 The Grenada Invasion
  • Reagan sends 2,000 US Marines to overthrow a
  • Pro-Cuban government rescue US citizens
  • 18 US soldiers were killed

18
1977-1979 Nicaragua
  • The Sandinistas (Communists) take control on
    Nicaragua ...This was the Contra War (1981-89)
  • This was a Cold War confrontation between the US
    Soviets
  • Reagan viewed the Sandinistas as a regional
    threat
  • The US supported the Contras (Counter
    revolutionaries) with CIA training weapons
  • The Congress banned aid to the Contras for two
    years

19
1985 Iran-Contra Scandal
  • In 1985, 7 Americans were taken hostage in
    Lebanon by Pro- Iranian group
  • Reagan approved the sale of arms to Iran in
    exchange for the hostages release
  • National Security Council Aid Colonel Oliver
    North diverted millions in profits from the arms
    sale to the Anti- communist Contras fighting in
    Nicaragua

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vNix_vj2DaqQ
http//www.youtube.com/watch?vQikSorPak6M
20
1986 US Bombing of Libya
  • In response to a 1986 Berlin discotheque bombing
    3 dead, 220 wounded
  • Air-strikes against Libya
  • Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi was a sponsor of
    terrorist acts against the West.

21
George H.W. Bush Republican 1989-1993
22
Background George H.W. Bush
  • From a wealthy family with a history of public
    service
  • Attends elite private school Yale University
  • Decorated Navy pilot in WW II
  • Government service
  • -House of Representatives Texas
  • -Ambassador to UN
  • -Chair of RNC
  • -Liaison to China
  • -Director of CIA
  • -Reagan VP 2 terms

23
Election of 1988
  • Good economy, no reason to change
  • Bush Read my Lips no new Taxes!
  • Dedicate to Traditional American values

GHW Bush (R) vs. Michael Dukakis ( D)
24
Collapse of Communism
  • 1985 Gorbachev became General Sec. of the USSR
  • The Glasnost period Openness
  • -Allows criticism of government
  • -Perestrokia Restructuring of The Soviet
    Economy

Mikhail Gorbachev
25
1989 East Germany opens the Berlin Wall
Germany is reunited
26
1989 Collapse of Communism
  • Czechoslovakia divided, Latvia, Estonia
    Lithuania became independent
  • Hungary, Bulgaria Romania transition from
    communism
  • Yugoslavia collapsed, igniting a brutal war among
    Muslims, Orthodox Serbs Catholic Croats

27
1991 The Break-up of the USSR
  • 14 republics declare independence
  • Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS) was
    established

28
1990 Americans with Disabilities Act
  • Protects those with disabilities from
    discrimination in public places. The act makes
    American society more accessible to disabled
    Americans.

29
1989 The Panama Invasion
  • President Bush sends 20K troops to overthrow
    arrest General Manuel Noriega on charges of
    international drug-trafficking

Noriega is trafficking drugs, guns laundering
money.
30
1990 The Persian Gulf War
  • Saddam Hussein/Iraq invades Kuwait
  • Saddam threatens Middle East stability Oil
  • President Bush organized an international
    coalition with the support of the UN launched
    Operation Desert Storm
  • Kuwait was liberated Iraq was weakened
  • 137 Americans KIA. 100K Iraqi KIA
About PowerShow.com