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LIVE INTERACTIVE LEARNING @ YOUR DESKTOP

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LIVE INTERACTIVE LEARNING _at_ YOUR DESKTOP The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: What can we learn from this disaster? Presented by: Audra Livergood, Will Underwood – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LIVE INTERACTIVE LEARNING @ YOUR DESKTOP


1
LIVE INTERACTIVE LEARNING _at_ YOUR DESKTOP
The Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill What can we
learn from this disaster? Presented by Audra
Livergood, Will Underwood and Atziri Ibanez
February 2, 2011 630 p.m. - 800 p.m. Eastern
time
2
Your Presenters
Atziri Ibañez, NERRS National Education
Coordinator
Audra Livergood, Marine Resource Manager, NOAA
Fisheries
Will Underwood, Stewardship Coordinator, Grand
Bay NERR
3
What is an estuary? What are some examples of
estuaries along the Gulf Coast?
  • PART ONE

4
Poll Question
What is an estuary?
  1. The land area that drains water into a lake,
    river, or pond.
  2. The large body of salt water that covers most of
    the earth's surface.
  3. The area where a river meets the ocean, where
    fresh and salt water mix.
  4. The underground system that provides drinking
    water to an area.

5
Deepwater Horizon oil spill On April 20, 2010
an explosion rocked the oil drilling platform.
6
(No Transcript)
7
Five key estuaries in danger of being impacted by
the oil spill
7
8
Mission Aransas NERR (Texas)
  • MANERR
  • Has the only naturally migrating population of
    whooping cranes in the world
  • Total Acreage 185,708
  • Designation 2006

Weeks Bay NERR (Alabama)
  • Weeks Bay NERR
  • Provide habitat for rare and endangered species
    including the brown pelican, eastern indigo
    snake, and the Alabama red-bellied turtle.
  • Total Acreage 6,525
  • Designation 1986

9
Apalachicola NERR (Florida)
  • Apalachicola NERR
  • The West Indian manatee, the Indiana bat and the
    gray bat are endangered species that make their
    home at the Reserve
  • Total Acreage 246,000
  • Designation 1979

Rookery Bay NERR (Florida)
  • Rookery Bay NERR
  • Is a prime example of a nearly pristine
    subtropical mangrove forested estuary
  • Total Acreage 110,000
  • Designation 1978

10
10
11
  • How many class or activity periods of estuary
    instruction do your students receive in a typical
    school year?
  • Place clip art on the continuum below

More than 15 classes per year
6 to 15 classes per year
3 to 5 classes per year
1 to 2 classes per year
None
12
Resources 1
  • Your Source for Learning and Teaching About
    Estuaries
  • Video Gallery
  • Estuaries 101 Curriculum
  • Access to real-time data with graphing
    capabilities
  • Species Factsheets

http//estuaries.gov/
13
  • Lets pause for questions

14
Where and what is the Grand Bay Reserve?
  • PART TWO

15
About Grand Bay NERR (MS)
Approximately 18,000 acres (28 sq. mi.) of
emergent marsh, pine flatwoods, and pine savannas
  • Established in 1999
  • Represents the Louisianian bio-geographic region

16
Grand Bay is located in the Northern Gulf of
Mexico to the east of the Mississippi river
17
The drilling site was approximately 150 miles
SSW of the Grand Bay NERR
18
Mobile delta area often influence the waters of
the Grand Bay NERR
19
Grand Bay Reserve boundary
Bayou Heron
Bayou Cumbest
20
How were the Grand Bay marshes formed?
  • Where rivers meet the sea?
  • Currently little freshwater input from uplands
  • Pre-historic origin of marshes formed by
    Pascagoula and Escatawpa Rivers

21
What makes Grand Bay important?
  • Marshes serve as nursery ground
  • Provides protection from dangerous storm surge
  • Marshes filter nutrients
  • Commercial and recreational fishing
  • Outdoor recreation

22
Natural Anthropogenic Stressors
  • Hurricanes
  • Erosion
  • Invasive species
  • Loss of sediments through dredging
  • Decreased air and water quality
  • Industrial disasters
  • Overharvest of fishery


23
Mississippi Phosphates Spill
24
Estuaries 101 Curriculum
http//estuaries.gov/
25
What can we learn from ongoing monitoring at the
Grand Bay Reserve?
  • PART THREE

26
System-Wide Monitoring Program Observing
short-term variability and long-term changes in
estuarine environments
I. Abiotic Monitoring Water Quality
Nutrients Weather Parameters II. Biological
Monitoring Habitat Change Biodiversity III. Land
Cover/Use and Habitat Change Spatial
Patterns Human Impacts
27
Monitoring Water Quality Weather Data
SWMP Data-logger
Water quality data is collected at 15 or 30
minute intervals at 4 locations within or
adjacent to a research reserve.
Weather data is collected within or adjacent to a
research reserve at 5 second intervals.
28
Mapping, Monitoring, Research
  • Critical for protection of natural resource
  • Primary responsibility of research and
    stewardship staff in the reserve system
  • Provides baseline information important in
    assessing damage from disasters

29
Fine-Scale Marsh Habitat Delineation
30
Sea Grass Communities at GBNERR
30
31
Resources 2
  • Data in the Classroom
  • Three curriculum modules El Nino, Sea Level
    Water Quality
  • Grades 6-8
  • Downloadable materials
  • Correlated to National Standards in Science,
    Mathematics , Geography the Ocean Literacy
    Concepts

http//www.dataintheclassroom.org
32
  • Lets pause for questions

33
How did the oil spill and the response effect the
Grand Bay Reserve?
  • PART FOUR

34
Sequence of Events
  • Rig explosion, 4/20
  • Booming initiated, 5/4
  • 1st rig debris/tarballs, 6/4
  • 1st oil at reserve, 6/12
  • Temporary cap installed, 7/15
  • Targeted boom removal, 8/31
  • Response ongoing

35
Plan for the Worst
  • Identify Critical Resources
  • Review Existing Response Plans
  • Prioritize Critical AreasLimited Response
    Resource
  • Identify Areas Sensitive to Response Damage
  • Learn and Adapt to Incident Command System
  • Begin Collecting Baseline Samples
  • Provide Site Specific Technical Support

36
Contingency Plan outlines booming needed
37
Extensive pre-oil samples were collected
38
Poll Question
Based on their research, scientists have learned
that it is always preferable to clean up an oiled
salt marsh as opposed to simply leaving it alone
to recover naturally. v True X False
39
Installing booming is a delicate process in
shallow waters
40
Airboats were used to install boom
41
Three types of boom were installed
Pom-pom boom
Hard boom
42
Waiting for the Worst
43
Signs of the spill on GBNERR appeared as debris
44
Dispersed oil at GBNERR
45
Oiled boom at GBNERR
46
Large patches of oil were stranded on the GBNERR
marshes
47
Storm events had a damaging effect on boom
48
Understanding key features of an estuary key to
protecting it
49
Poll Question
Which of the following factors may help the Gulf
of Mexico to recover from the BP oil spill more
quickly than did Prince William Sound after the
Exxon Valdez spill?
Warmer water temperature Presence of natural oil eating microbes Chemical composition of the crude spilled None of the factors listed All of the factors here listed

50
What is NRDA? Natural Resource Damage Assessment
  • A legal process to determine - Injuries to or
    lost use of the publics natural resources-
    Appropriate amount type of restoration needed
    to offset losses
  • NERR staff involved in technical working groups

51
(No Transcript)
52
How do we clean up oil at Grand Bay?
  • In most cases, clean up is not recommended in
    Juncus marshes
  • Mechanical cleanup methods might harm sensitive
    habitats
  • Environmental stewardship
  • Important concept for students to understand and
    practice

53
Opportunities for Restoration
54
Long-Term Monitoring
  • Continue shoreline assessment work to look for
    stranded oil
  • PAH (polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) sediment
    testing
  • Continue monitoring natural resources
  • Analyze trends in resource abundance

55
Take Home Message
  • Estuaries can serve as the nexus for teaching
    earth, life, and physical sciences
  • Extensive research, mapping, and monitoring are
    necessary to analyze short and long-term
    changes/impacts from the oil spill
  • Applying lessons learned, in terms of planning
    and response to past oil spills, can help better
    prepare our future leaders
  • Understanding the impacts of the oil spill is a
    continuous process that will require direct
    observation and analysis of key archived and
    real-time data

55
56
  • Lets pause for questions

57
Where can I find educational resources about
estuaries and the oil spill?
  • PART FIVE

58
Teacher Professional Development Opportunities
  • Visit the Estuaries.Gov site to find teacher
    training opportunities
  • Sign-Up to receive the NERRS Education
    BulletinWe will announce upcoming opportunities
  • Help Field Test the Estuaries 101 Middle Grade
    CurriculumAt the end of 2011 we will form a team
    of reviewers who will test the activities

59
Resources 3
  • Oil Spill Educational Resources
  • Multimedia
  • Animation
  • Lessons and Activities
  • Real World Data
  • Background Information
  • Career Profiles

http//www.education.noaa.gov/Ocean_and_Coasts/Oil
_Spill.html
60
  • Thank you!
  • For more information
  • Re Estuaries in the National Estuarine Research
    Reserve System Contact Atziri Ibanez
    (atziri.ibanez_at_noaa.gov)
  • Learn more NOAA Deepwater Horizon Archive
  • http//www.noaa.gov/deepwaterhorizon/

61
Thank you to the sponsor of tonight's Web Seminar
62
http//learningcenter.nsta.org
63
http//www.elluminate.com
64
National Science Teachers Association Dr. Francis
Q. Eberle, Executive Director Zipporah Miller,
Associate Executive Director Conferences and
Programs Al Byers, Assistant Executive Director
e-Learning
NSTA Web Seminars Paul Tingler, Director Jeff
Layman, Technical Coordinator
LIVE INTERACTIVE LEARNING _at_ YOUR DESKTOP
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