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Medieval Europe (500

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Medieval Europe (500 1500) Europe was isolated BUT, there were advanced civilizations in the Middle East, South Asia, and China! * The Early Middle Ages ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medieval Europe (500


1
Medieval Europe (500 1500)
2
  • The Middle Ages or Medieval Europe is the 1,000
    year period after the fall of Rome and before the
    Renaissance.

3
I. Geography
  1. Europe is on the western end of Eurasia.

4
  • B. Natural Resources
  • Dense forests
  • Fertile soil
  • Rich minerals
  • Seas

5
II. Causes
Tribal Warfare
No central govt
Dark Ages in W. Europe
Fall of Rome
Money is not used
Literacy declined
Greek Roman learning forgotten
6
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7
III. Germanic Tribes
  • A. Farmers and herders
  • 1. No written laws
  • 2. Created small kingdoms

8
Not these Franks!
9
B. The Franks- most powerful in Gaul (France)
10
  • 1. Clovis
  • 1st King of the Franks
  • Allied (supported) with the Roman Catholic Church

11
2. The Battle of Tours
  • - In 732 CE, the Franks defeated the Muslims in
    Spain.

DONT WRITE THIS This could have changed European
history! Christians did not want Islam to spread
into Europe, even though they learned science and
math from Arab Muslims.
12
C. Charlemagne (Charles the Great)
  • 800 CE- king of the
  • Franks
  • 2. Pope Leo III named
  • him Roman Emperor

13
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14
3. Legacy
  • Blended and spread Christian, Roman and German
    culture
  • Efficient govt (bureaucracy)

15
  • Set up schools

16
Dont write this!
  • Curriculums, or formal courses of study, included
    reading, grammar, math, music, and astronomy.

17
Peace Out, Charlemagne!
Dont write this!
  • When Charlemagne died in 814, his empire fell
    apart as his heirs fought over it.

18
  • 4. The Treaty of Verdun divided the empire.

19
  • 5. This became the Holy Roman Empire.

20
Feudal Hierarchy
21
Draw this in your notes! (the best you can)
22
  • Feudalism- A political system that exchanges land
    for military service.
  • DONT WRITE THIS!
  • Lords gradually became more powerful than kings
    as they acquired more land.

23
I. Feudalism (Political)
King or lord Was required to give a fief (land)
Vassal Was required to give loyalty military
service
24
II. Social
  • Kings and Lords were at the top of the social
    hierarchy.

25
  • Knights- mounted warriors
  • Chivalry- code of
  • conduct for knights
  • be brave, loyal, polite

26
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27
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28
  • By the 1100s, fighting declined so lords held
    tournaments (fake battles) to entertain people.

29
  • Serfs- peasants who worked the lords land
  • They couldnt leave without permission
  • They paid for the lords protection in food and
    labor (no ).

30
  • DONT WRITE THIS!
  • Role of Women
  • Noblewomen managed the household and were in
    change when men were away.
  • Rights
  • Received a limited inheritance
  • Arranged marriages, expected to have many kids
  • Few knew how to read and write
  • Chivalry raised women to a new status. They were
    protected and cherished.

31
III. Economic
  • Manorialism- an economy where land, not money, is
    the basis of wealth

32
  • Manor- the lords estate including the town,
    peasant houses, church, and fields
  • - It was self-sufficient, which slowed trade

33
  • Three-field system- two fields planted, one left
    fallow (empty) to regain fertility

34
Remember
  • Europe was isolated BUT, there were advanced
    civilizations in the Middle East, South Asia, and
    China!
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