4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM

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Title: The Endocrine System Author: ajvogt Last modified by: jthompson Created Date: 2/21/2012 4:10:02 PM Document presentation format: Custom Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM


1
4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of
the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
2
4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of
the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • What are the functions of the endocrine system?
  • What are some disorders of the endocrine system?
  • How do you relate the bodys hormones to the
    endocrine system?

3
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Glands
  • What do they do?
  • Target Organ/Cells
  • What are they?
  • Hormones
  • What do they do?
  • How do they get to where they need to go?

4
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Glands secrete hormones
  • Hormones
  • What are they?
  • What are some examples of target organs/cells?

5
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Hormone Control
  • Nervous System
  • Sympathetic nervous system
  • How does it effect the endocrine system?

6
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Hormone Control
  • What is negative feedback?

7
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Adrenal cortex
  • Corticoids
  • What is the function of corticoids?
  • Androgens
  • What do androgens do?
  • Who has them?

8
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Adrenal medulla
  • Epinephrine
  • How does epinephrine effect the body?
  • Norepinephrine
  • Compare epinephrine to norepinephrine.

9
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Gonads
  • Ovaries (female)
  • Estrogen
  • What does it do?
  • Progesterone
  • What does it do?
  • Compare the function of estrogen to progesterone.

10
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Gonads
  • Testes (male)
  • Testosterone
  • What is the function of testosterone?

Beards are the fastest growing hairs on the human
body. What causes a beard to grow?
11
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Parathyroid Glands
  • Parathormone
  • What does parathormone do?

12
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pancreas
  • (Islets of Langerhans)
  • Insulin
  • What does insulin do?
  • What factors influence its production?
  • What is its relevance to your health?

13
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pituitary Gland (Master Gland)
  • Two Lobes (Anterior and Posterior)

14
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pituitary gland
  • (Anterior Lobe)
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
  • What is the function of ACTH?
  • Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
  • Discuss the function of FSH.

15
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pituitary gland
  • (Anterior Lobe)
  • Growth hormone
  • What does it do?
  • Luteinizing hormone (LH)
  • What does it do?

16
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pituitary gland
  • (Anterior Lobe)
  • Prolactin
  • What is the function of prolactin?
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
  • What is the function of TSH?

17
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pituitary gland
  • (Posterior Lobe)
  • Vasopressin
  • What does it do?
  • Oxytocin
  • What does it do?

18
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Thymus Gland
  • T-lymphocyte production
  • What are they?
  • What do they do?

19
Functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Thyroxine
  • What does thyroxine do?
  • Calcitonin
  • What is the function of calcitonin?

20
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
21
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Adrenal Cortex
  • Addison's disease
  • What is the cause of Addisons disease?
  • What are the most common symptoms of Addisons
    disease?
  • How is Addisons disease treated?

22
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Before
  • Adrenal Cortex
  • Cushing's Syndrome
  • What is a syndrome?
  • What are some common symptoms of Cushings
    syndrome?
  • How is Cushings syndrome treated?
  • Compare the before and after pictures at the
    right.

After
23
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Adrenal Glands
  • Steroid Abuse
  • in Sports
  • What are the risks?
  • Males
  • Females
  • Why is it illegal?

24
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pancreas
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • What is the normal blood sugar range?
  • What are the most common symptoms?
  • Define these terms
  • polyuria
  • polyphagia
  • polydipsia

25
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pancreas
  • Diabetes Mellitus (Type I)
  • How is it treated?
  • What age group is most commonly effected?

26
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pancreas
  • Diabetes Type II
  • Compare Type I to Type II diabetes
  • How is Type II diabetes treated?
  • Discuss some of the complications of diabetes?
  • Why does this happen?

27
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Acromegaly
  • Compare acromegaly to gigantism.
  • How is acromegaly treated?

28
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Growth Hormone Deficiency (childhood)
  • What are some common symptoms?
  • How is it treated?
  • Why is important to treat it early?

29
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Gigantism
  • What causes gigantism?
  • What are the symptoms?
  • How is it treated?

30
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Parathyroid
  • Tetany (hypoparathyroid)
  • What are the symptoms?
  • What are the treatments?
  • Discuss complications of tetany.

31
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • What does hyper- mean?
  • Discuss the symptoms of hyperthyroidism.
  • How is it treated?

32
Disorders of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Compare hypo- to hyper-.
  • Discuss the symptoms of hypothyroidism.
  • How is it treated?

33
4.04 Understand the Functions and Disorders of
the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
  • What are the functions of the endocrine system?
  • What are some disorders of the endocrine system?
  • How do you relate the bodys hormones to the
    endocrine system?
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