II. The Jussive Subjunctive - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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II. The Jussive Subjunctive

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II. The Jussive Subjunctive The Jussive Subjunctive, from the Latin iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussum, is one of the ways the Subjunctive mood is used in a Main Clause. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: II. The Jussive Subjunctive


1
II. The Jussive Subjunctive
  • The Jussive Subjunctive, from the Latin iubeo,
    iubere, iussi, iussum, is one of the ways the
    Subjunctive mood is used in a Main Clause.
  • The Jussive Subjunctive is used to give a command
    when
  • (1) the person being given an order is not
    present
  • (2) the person giving the command wishes to be
    polite. The Jussive Subjunctive is a more polite
    command than the Imperative.

2
II. The Jussive Subjunctive
  • The Jussive Subjunctive is formed by putting the
    main verb of the sentence into the Subjunctive
  • Jussive Subj. Present Subjunctive
  • in the main clause of the sentence
  • The Jussive Subjunctive is translated according
    to the following formula
  • Let subject verb
  • NB In the 2nd person, the Jussive Subjunctive
    can be translated like a regular imperative.

3
II. The Jussive Subjunctive
  • NB Note the Difference in form and translation
    between the Indicative and Jussive Subjunctive.
  • Indicative v. Subjunctive
  • agit agat
  • perdunt perdant
  • advenis advenias
  • canitur canatur

4
II. The Jussive Subjunctive
  • NB Note the Difference in form and translation
    between the Indicative and Jussive Subjunctive.
  • Indicative v. Subjunctive
  • agit agat
  • he does let him do
  • perdunt perdant
  • they destroy let them destroy
  • advenis advenias
  • you approach you, approach
  • canitur canatur
  • it is sung let it be sung

5
III. The Hortatory Subjunctive
  • When the subject of a Jussive Subjunctive is in
    the 1st person plural, we call it the Hortatory
    Subjunctive (from hortor, hortari, to encourage).
  • It is used when one person in a group wishes to
    encourage the group to do something.
  • Hortatory Subj. 1st pl. Present Subjunctive
  • in the main clause of the sentence
  • The Hortatory Subjunctive is translated according
    to the following formula
  • Let us verb

6
III. The Hortatory Subjunctive
  • NB Note the Difference in form and translation
    between the Indicative and Hortatory Subjunctive.
  • Indicative v. Subjunctive
  • adoramus adoremus
  • mittimus mittamus
  • regredimur regrediamur
  • canimus canamus

7
III. The Hortatory Subjunctive
  • NB Note the Difference in form and translation
    between the Indicative and Hortatory Subjunctive.
  • Indicative v. Subjunctive
  • adoramus adoremus
  • we adore let us adore
  • mittimus mittamus
  • we send let us send
  • regredimur regrediamur
  • we go back let us go back
  • canimus canamus
  • we sing let us sing
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