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Surrealism By Megan Walsh What is Surrealism? Surrealism is a style of art and literature that focused on imagery from the subconscious mind and irrational significances. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Surrealism

  • By Megan Walsh

What is Surrealism?
  • Surrealism is a style of art and literature that
    focused on imagery from the subconscious mind and
    irrational significances.
  • It began in the 20th century in Europe.
  • Andre Breton pioneered the movement in 1924 when
    he wrote The Surrealist Manifesto.
  • The movement was influenced by Sigmund Freud.
  • Surrealism focused on automatism. This is the
    idea that the random and free interaction between
    artist and material produces an image of the
    artist's subconscious and inner state.

Artists of the Movement
  • Andre Breton
  • Salvador Dali
  • Rene Magritte
  • Giorgio De Chirico
  • Max Ernst

Andre Breton
  • Andre was born in 1896 in Tinchebray, France.
  • He was primarily known as a poet but became the
    Pope of Surrealism after he published The
    Manifesto of Surrealism.
  • He also Published La Revolution Surrealiste.
    It was a collection of articles on surrealist
  • He fled to the United States during World War
    II. While he was there he continued to publish
    works on Surrealism.

Salvador Dali
  • Salvador was born in Catalonia, Spain in 1904.
  • His mother died of cancer when he was 17.
  • In 1928 Dali met Pablo Picasso and Joan Miro in
  • Dali also painted some historical paintings in
    his later years.
  • He is the only known artist to have 2 museums
    dedicated solely to his works within his
  • His last painting is The Swallowtail
  • He died of heart failure at the age of 84.

Discovery of America By Christopher Columbus (top
right). The Swallowtail (below)
Rene Magritte
  • In 1898 Rene was born in Lessines, Belgium.
  • When he was 14 his mother threw herself into a
    river and committed suicide.
  • He served in the military for a while and when
    he returned home he began work as a graphic
  • His first surrealist painting was "Le Jockey
  • Magritte and Breton became friends and Magritte
    even worked on the last issue of Revolution

Le Jockey Perdu. (bottom)
Giorgio De Chirico
  • Giorgio was born in Volos, Greece in 1888.
  • His first metaphysical painting was The Enigma of
    an Autumn Afternoon.
  • He designed scenery and costumes for the ballet
    Le Bal.
  • He inspired many surrealist artists including
    Rene Magritte.
  • At the end of his career he painted more
    realistic and naturalist paintings.

Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon. (bottom)
Max Ernst
  • Max was born in 1891 in Bruhl, Germany.
  • He never had formal training as a painter but
    after studying psychiatry and philosophy he took
    interest in painting.
  • He developed the technique of frottage. This is
    rubbing pencil shavings on canvas or paper.
  • He was sent to internment camps 3 times during
    WWII but he escaped to the U.S.

Silence (top)
Ocell De Foc
  • Surrealism is a mix of realistic painting with
    unrealistic subject matter. Surrealists are
    inspired by dreams and the subconscious mind.

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