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Surrealism Chronicle of a Death Foretold What is it, really? Surrealism- a cultural movement that began in the early-1920s, and is best known for the visual artworks ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Surrealism

  • Chronicle of a Death Foretold

What is it, really?
  • Surrealism- a cultural movement that began in the
    early-1920s, and is best known for the visual
    artworks and writings of the group members.
  • The works feature the element of surprise,
    unexpected juxtapositions and non sequitor.

Andre Breton was one of the leaders of the
surrealists, a talented poet and theorist.
Andre Breton was a French writer who believed
that surrealism encompassed Automatic Writing
  • Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to
    express, either verbally, in writing, or by any
    other manner, the real functioning of thought.
  • Dictation of thought in the absence of all
    control exercised by reason, outside of all
    aesthetic and moral preoccupation, in other
    words, automatic writing.

He also said
  • Surrealism is based on
  • the belief in the superior reality of certain
    forms of previously neglected associations,
  • in the omnipotence of dream,
  • in the disinterested play of thought.

The Treachery of Images (1928-9) Rene Magritte
Most Famous Surrealist
Salvador Dali
Sweet stache!
The Persistence of Memory
Analysis of the Persistence of Memory
  • His concepts of softness and hardness
  • Also, a depiction of Einsteins theory of
    relativity gravity distorting time
  • Hand painted dream photographs

The Little Theater
Analysis of The Little Theater
  • 11 painted glass planes layered
  • Desolate scenes

Retrospective bust of a woman
What do you see?
  • Yes, those are ants climbing up her face.
  • The topmost figure is an inkwell depicting a
    famous picture called The Angelus by Jean
    Francois Millet.
  • The Angelus is a Catholic prayer practice of
    worshipping three times a day. In the picture, a
    farmer and his wife pray at the end of the day
    over a basket of potatoes.

Dali had opinions about this painting, which is
why he includes it in this piece.
  • The Angelus was reproduced frequently in the 19th
    and 20th centuries. Dali was fascinated by this
    work, and wrote an analysis of it, The Tragic
    Myth of The Angelus of Millet. Rather than seeing
    it as a work of spiritual peace, Dalí believed it
    held messages of repressed sexual aggression.
    Dalí was also of the opinion that the two figures
    were praying over their buried child, rather than
    to the Angelus. Dalí was so insistent on this
    fact that eventually an X-ray was done of the
    canvas, confirming his suspicions the painting
    contains a painted-over geometric shape
    strikingly similar to a coffin. (Néret, 2000)
    However, it is unclear whether Millet changed his
    mind on the meaning of the painting, or even if
    the shape actually is a coffin.

American Surrealist- Peter Blume South of Scranton
Analysis of South of Scranton
  • South of Scranton gathers various scenes that the
    artist encountered during an extended road trip
    in spring 1930.
  • He began in Scranton, Pennsylvania, and then
    headed south toward the steel mills of Bethlehem.
    The industrial machinery, coal piles, and smoking
    locomotives at the left side of the painting
    represent these locales.
  • Next he went to Charleston, South Carolina, where
    he witnessed several sailors performing acrobatic
    exercises aboard the deck of a German cruiser
    ship in the harbor.
  • The Citadel military academy, located in
    Charleston, may have inspired the crenellated
    yellow towers in the foreground.
  • In an account of the painting's origins, the
    artist stated, "As I tried to weld my impressions
    into the picture, they lost all their logical
    connections. I moved Scranton into Charleston,
    and Bethlehem into Scranton, as people do in a
    dream. The German sailors appeared to lose the
    purpose of exercising and became, in a sense,
    like birds soaring through space" (Carnegie
    Magazine, October 1934).

Again, Surrealism
  • Elements of surprise
  • Unexpected juxtaposition
  • Non-sequitor

How does this definition fit into your personal
definition from the poetry?
What is the difference?
  • Both Surrealism and Magic Realism use a mixture
    of realism and fantastic elements. The main
    differences lay in the content itself. The
    objective of the Magic Realist is to bring us
    fresh presentation of the everyday world we live
    in. The artist may choose unusual points of view,
    mysterious juxtapositions or common objects
    presented in uncanny ways. However, everything we
    see is within the realm of the possible, although
    sometimes unlikely. Surrealism takes us to
    another world, one which is unreal and exists
    only in our mind. It presents the impossible,
    using both traditional and experimental artistic
    techniques, often shocking us.

As we read.
  • You will use these definitions to state whether
    Chronicle of a Death Foretold is more a work of
    Magical Realism or Surrealism