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Program Logic Model

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What is a programme logic model? The Programme Logic Model is a tool to help describe the main elements of a programmeand how these elements work together to reach a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Program Logic Model


1
Program Logic Model
  • Day 2Session 3

2
Learning Outcomes
  • After this session the DCSTs will be able to
  • Discuss and use the logic model
  • Develop an realistic work plan for the
    DCST members

3
Points for clarification
  • Targets
  • Dashboard (http//www.hrsa.gov/healthit/toolbox/Qu
    alityimprovement/whatisaclinicalqualdashbrd.html)
  • Prioritization start small to win big

4
Why prioritize?
  • NB It is not possible to introduce everything at
    once and each health district will need to
    prioritize its interventions depending on its
    specific needs.
  • Nationally the intervention that will reduce the
    most deaths rapidly is the prevention of,
    screening for and managing mothers and their
    infants for HIV infection.
  • The intervention with the second biggest effect
    in reducing the deaths of mothers and their
    infants in improving the provision and quality of
    basic and comprehensive emergency obstetric and
    neonatal care. (Guidelines for district clinical
    specialist teams for improving maternal
    neonatal health services in South Africa 1/2013)

5
Process of on prioritization
NB Prioritisation cannot be resolved by purely
technical and scientific methods It has
political, system and community implications!
6
What is a programme logic model?
  • The Programme Logic Model is a tool to help
    describe the main elements of a programme and how
    these elements work together to reach a
    particular goal.
  • The Programme Logic Model graphically presents
    the logical progression and relationship of the
    strategic program elements (activities, inputs,
    outputs, outcomes, impact) and their causal
    relationships, indicators, and the assumptions of
    risk that may influence success or failure of the
    program.

7
Program logic model
  • The Logic Model facilitates
  • The planning and execution of the program
  • ME of the program
  • NB In developing a Logic Model, it may become
    evident that the programme is too ambitious or
    not ambitious enough, or that logical connections
    between goals, objectives, and activities are
    missing.

8
Description of the components of Logic Model
  • Problem statement describes the nature and extent
    of the problem that needs to be addressed.
  • Goal broad statement about programme wants to
    achieve on the long-term
  • Objectives define strategies or implementation
    steps to attain the identified goals. Unlike
    goals, objectives are specific, measurable,
    achievable, realistic and have a defined
    completion date (SMART). They are more specific
    and outline the who, what, when, where, and how
    of reaching the goals

9
SMART
10
Old way?
11
Problem statement
Goals
Outcomes
Objective
Inputs
Activities
Outputs
Rationales and assumptions
12
Description of components the of Logic Model
  • Activity involves actions taken or work performed
    through which resources (inputs) such as funds,
    technical assistance, and other types of
    resources are mobilized to produce specific
    outputs.
  • Inputs are the financial, human, and material
    resources used to execute activities in a
    program.
  • Outputs are the measurable, tangible, and direct
    products or results of program activities. They
    lead to desired outcomesbenefits for
    participants, families, communities, or
    organizationsbut are not themselves the changes
    you expect the program will produce.

13
Description of components of the Logic Model
  • Outcomes express the results that your program
    intends to achieve if implemented as planned.
    Usually
  • Outcomes are the changes that occur or the
    difference that is made for individuals, groups,
    families, organizations, systems, or communities
    during or after the program.
  • Outcomes fall along a continuum from immediate
    (initial short-term) to intermediate
    (medium-term) to final outcomes (long-term),
    often synonymous with impact.

14
Outcomes vs. Outputs
  • Outcomes are sometimes confused with outputs.
    Here are their distinguishing characteristics
  • Outputs are the direct and measurable products of
    a programs activities and services they are
    often expressed in terms of volume or units
    delivered.
  • Outcomes are the results or impact of the
    activities and services. Outcomes often represent
    the results of multiple outputs each outcome
    usually corresponds to more than one output.

15

Problem statement The district has high
stillbirth and perinatal asphyxia rates
16

Inputs
17

Outputs
Outcomes
ST
MT
MT
LT
18
Description of components of Logic Model
  • Assumptions are hypotheses about factors or
    risks which could affect the progress or success
    of a programme. The assumptions that underlie a
    programmes theory are conditions that are
    necessary for success, and you believe are true.
    Your programme needs these conditions in order to
    succeed, but you believe these conditions already
    exist they are not something you need to bring
    about with your program activities. In fact, they
    are not within your control.
  • Rationale The explanation of a set of believes,
    based on a body of knowledge, about how change
    occurs in your field and with your specific
    clients

19
Activitybuilding a program logic model
  • Task
  • Use the Logic Model to compile an action plan,
    with the focus on the prioritized activities from
    Day 2, to address the priority problems
    identified
  • Follow instructions in Logic Model Participant
    hand out
  • Use the Logic Model template in the Participant
    hand out.
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