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States of Matter

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States of Matter By: Tyler Hamilton Erin Wolff Three Main States of Matter Table Of Contents What is Matter? Gases Liquids Solids Comparisons Physical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: States of Matter


1
States of Matter
  • By Tyler Hamilton
  • Erin Wolff

2
Three Main States of Matter

Liquids
Gases
Solids
3
Table Of Contents
  • What is Matter?
  • Gases
  • Liquids
  • Solids
  • Comparisons
  • Physical Changes
  • Phase Change Graph
  • States Of Matter Web Page
  • States Of Matter Video
  • Temperature-Role in Phase Changes

4
Liquids
  • The state of matter in which a substance exhibits
    a characteristic readiness to flow, little or no
    tendency to disperse, and relatively high
    incompressibility. Matter or a specific body of
    matter in this state.

Matter is everything around you. On Earth, matter
is usually found in one of three states, or
phases. The three main states of matter are
solid, liquid, and gas.
5
Solids
  • A substance having a definite shape and volume
    one that is neither liquid nor gaseous.

6
Gases
  • a substance possessing perfect molecular mobility
    and the property of indefinite expansion, as
    opposed to a solid or liquid.

7
Comparisons
  • Gas Particles
  • Gas are well separated with no
    regular arrangement.
  • Gas vibrate and move freely at high
    speeds.

8
Comparisons
  • Liquid Particles
  • Liquid are close together with no
    regular arrangement.
  • Liquid vibrate, move about, and slide
    past each other.

9
Comparisons
  • Solid Particles
  • Solid are tightly packed, usually in a
    regular pattern.
  • Solid vibrate (jiggle) but generally do not
    move from place to place.

10
Webpage
  • http//www.chem.purdue.edu/gchelp/atoms/states.htm
    l

11
Physical Changes
  • Physical changes occur when objects undergo a
    change that does not change their chemical
    nature. A physical change involves a change in
    physical properties. Physical properties can be
    observed without changing the type of matter.
    Examples of physical properties include texture,
    shape, size, color, odor, volume, mass, weight,
    and density.

12
Physical Changes
  • Elements move from one phase to another when
    physical forces are present
  • Examples solid to a liquid
  • liquid to gas

13
Physical Changes
  • Increased temperature/Increased Pressure
  • Decreased temperature/Decreased Pressure

14
NASA Video
  • http//ksnn.larc.nasa.gov/k2/s_statesMatter_v.html

15
Temperature
  • Temperature changes materials from one state of
    matter to another.  Heated solids melt into
    liquids. Heated liquids evaporate into gases. 
  • Cooled gases condense into liquids. Cooled
    liquids freeze into solids.

16
What is Matter?
  • Matter is everything around you. On Earth, matter
    is usually found in one of three states, or
    phases. The three main states of matter are
    solid, liquid, and gas.

17
Picture of Liquids
18
Pictures Of Solids
19
Pictures of Gases
20
Graph
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