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CHRISTIANITY

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Title: CHRISTIANITY


1
CHRISTIANITY
2
Jesus Christ
  • Yeshua ben Joseph
  • Jesus of Nazareth
  • Jesus of Galilee
  • Believe in the teachings of Jesus
  • Jesus is the son of God
  • God in the flesh
  • TRINITY
  • Came to earth to save people from their sins
  • Died to save their souls
  • Descendent of David

3
Birth of Jesus
  • Born in Bethlehem
  • Born to Joseph and Mary
  • Mary believed to be a virgin
  • Angel Gabriel announces to Mary she is pregnant
    w/ Gods son
  • _at_ 2000 years ago, during Roman times
  • Bible New Testament
  • 4 Gospels
  • Acts o/t Apostles
  • _at_ life, teachings miracles of Jesus

4
Baptism of Jesus
  • Jesus baptized in the Jordan River (Luke 321)
  • Washed away his sins
  • Recognized by John the Baptist as the savior of
    the world
  • Jesus John the Baptist were cousins

5
Jesus is tempted by the Devil
  • Fasted for 40 days 40 nights
  • tell these stones to turn into loaves
  • You must not put the Lord your God t/t test
  • Shown all the kingdoms o/t world
  • be off Satan
  • (Matt. 41-11)

Mount of Temptations in Jericho
6
Jesus work and teaching
  • Chose 12 Apostles or followers
  • Performed miracles, such as the fishes and the
    loaves
  • fish becomes a symbol of Christianity (Matt.
    1413-31)
  • made water into wine (John 29)
  • Rose Lazarus from the dead (John 11)
  • Love God w/ all your heart, soul all your mind
    (Matt. 2237)
  • Do unto others as you would have others do unto
    you (Matt. 2239)

7
Jesus work and teaching
  • (John 316)
  • Yes, God loved the world so much that he gave his
    only Son, so that everyone who believes in him
    may not be lost but may have eternal life
  • Jesus cures a cripple (John 51)
  • Jesus walks on water
  • (John 616)
  • Jesus cures a blind man
  • (John 91-7)
  • Easier for a camel to fit through the eye of a
    needle, then for a rich man to enter heaven
  • (Matt. 1924)

8
Jesus popularity and Romans/Jews
  • Romans resent the popularity that Jesus
    teachings and miracles brought
  • seen as a threat to their rule
  • Many Jews resent Jesus because he says that love
    is more important than Jewish law
  • breaks some Jewish laws
  • cures on the Sabbath
  • btw ALL the first Christians were Jewish

9
Parables
  • Jesus taught in parables
  • Good Samaritan
  • (Luke 1029-37)
  • love thy neighbor
  • (Matt. 1919-20)
  • love thy enemy
  • (Luke 627)
  • SERMON on the MOUNT
  • (Matt. 51-12)
  • the meek shall inherit the earth
  • the poor will prosper in heaven
  • Prodigal son story
  • (Luke 1511-32)

10
Last Supper
  • Jesus knows that Jewish and Roman leaders want
    him dead
  • Celebrates last supper with Apostles
  • Passover supper
  • Changes Bread and wine into his body and blood
    transubstantiation

11
Judas and the Crucifixion
Resurrection
  • Judas, one of Jesus apostles, betrays him to the
    authorities in Garden of Gethsame
  • Jesus crucified by the Romans
  • Judas commits suicide

Jesus was buried in a tomb, but on the third day
after his crucifixion the tomb was found
empty His followers said they had seen him and
that he rose from the dead transfiguration
12
History
  • Romans continued to persecute Jews and Christians
  • In fact, the goal of Nero in 70 CE was to destroy
    not only the Jews, but the Christians
  • Christian martyrs

13
Jewish Christian Split
  • Paul
  • 13th Apostle
  • Anyone can be a Christian
  • Gentiles greatly outnumbered Jewish-Christians
  • Peter
  • Jesus favorite
  • 1st Pope
  • Must be Jewish to be Christian
  • Which belief won out?

14
Constantine
  • Roman Emperor Constantine converted to
    Christianity in 313 CE.
  • in this sign, conquer
  • He made Christianity the religion of the Roman
    empire
  • persecutions end
  • persecutions of non-Christians begin
  • Sent his mother, Helena, to find Christian holy
    sites in Palestine

15
Church COUNCILS
  • Council of Nicea 325 CE
  • Doctrine o/t TRINITY
  • Nicene Creed one in being w/t Father
  • Council of Hippo 393 CE
  • decided what books will go into the Bible

16
Roman Empire splits
  • 330 CE Roman Empire splits in half
  • Constantinople becomes the center of the Eastern
    Orthodox Church (Byzantine)
  • Patriarch is head of church
  • Rome becomes the center of the Western church
    (Roman Catholic)
  • Pope is head of church
  • catholic means universal

17
Whats more important and why?
The Message or The Messenger
18
Reformation
  • 1517 Martin Luther protests corrupt Popes and
    indulgences .splits Roman Catholic Church again
  • New religions such as Protestantism, Lutheranism,
    and Calvinism

19
Christian sects (divisions)
  • CONSERVATIVE
  • Literal interpretation
  • word for word
  • fundamentalist Christianity
  • The Bible says so . . .
  • Roman Catholic
  • Eastern Orthodox
  • Ethiopian Christian Church
  • Coptic (Egyptian) Christians
  • LIBERAL
  • Protestantism
  • looser interpretation
  • Anglican
  • Unitarianism
  • Faith over acts or acts over faith??

20
Catholic Hierarchy

21
Customs Traditions
  • Eucharist, which means thanksgiving, is a
    reenactment of the Last Supper
  • practiced every Sunday in churches
  • Bread and wine (body blood of Christ)
  • Has different meanings in different churches

22
Baptism
  • Initiation into the church
  • John 316
  • Done with watereither total submersion or a few
    drops
  • Some churches will only baptize adults

23
Confirmation
  • Confirming faith in Jesus
  • Person of the church becomes a full adult
  • Age varies
  • Local bishop confirms the Holy Spirit on that
    person

24
Clergy
  • Called priests, reverends, ministers
  • Priests wear a dog collar copied from those
    worn by slaves
  • Bishop carries a crosier which is like a
    shepherds crook

25
Festivals
  • Christmas
  • celebrates the birth of Christ
  • Good Friday
  • crucifixion of Jesus
  • EASTER
  • Most holy Christian holiday
  • Celebrates resurrection of Christ
  • Lent period prior to Easterfasting

Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem
26
Churches
  • Focal point of the church is the altar
  • Baptismal font
  • Regional church is called a cathedral
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