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Lecture Notes

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Title: Lecture Notes


1
Lecture Notes
2
SUFFIXES
  • Classroom Activity to Accompany Medical
    Terminology Systems, Sixth Edition
  • Barbara A. Gylys Mary Ellen Wedding

2
Suffix
2
Suffixes
  • Word element placed at the end of a word
  • Changes the meaning of a medical word
  • Used to denote singular and plural forms of a
    word
  • Used to denote a part of speech

3
Linking a Suffix
2
Suffixes
  • Word root (WR) links a suffix that begins with a
    vowel.
  • Example gastr/itis
  • Combining form (CF) links a suffix that begins
    with a consonant.
  • Example gastr/o/scopy

4
Major Types of Suffixes
2
Suffixes
  • Surgical
  • Diagnostic, pathological, and related
  • Grammatical and diminutive
  • Singular and plural

5
Surgical Suffixes
2
Suffixes
  • Describe a type of invasive procedure performed
    on a body part
  • append/ectomy
  • arthr/o/centesis
  • lith/o/tripsy

6
Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise
2
Suffixes
  • excision, removal
  • surgical puncture
  • crushing
  • separation destruction loosening

7
Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise
  • excision, removal -ectomy
  • surgical puncture -centesis
  • crushing -tripsy
  • separation destruction loosening -lysis

8
Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise
  • to break surgical fracture
  • fixation (of an organ)
  • suture
  • surgical repair

9
Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise
  1. to break surgical fracture -clasis
  2. fixation (of an organ) -pexy
  3. suture -rrhaphy
  4. surgical repair -plasty

10
Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise
  • 9. forming an opening (mouth)
  • 10. binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
  • 11. instrument to cut
  • 12. incision

11
Identify the Surgical Suffix Exercise
  • 9. forming an opening (mouth) -stomy
  • 10. binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
    -desis
  • 11. instrument to cut -tome
  • 12. incision -tomy

12
Diagnostic and Pathological Suffixes
  • Diagnostic suffixes
  • Denote a procedure or test performed to identify
    the cause and nature of an illness
  • electr/o/cardio/gram (ECG)
  • gastr/o/scopy

13
Identify the Diagnostic Suffix Exercise
  1. instrument for examining
  2. visual examination
  3. instrument for recording
  4. process of recording

14
Identify the Diagnostic Suffix Exercise
  • instrument for examining -scope
  • visual examination -scopy
  • instrument for recording -graph
  • process of recording -graphy

15
Identify the Diagnostic Suffix Exercise
  1. instrument for measuring
  2. act of measuring
  3. record, writing

16
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  1. instrument for measuring -meter
  2. act of measuring -metry
  3. record, writing -gram

17
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  • Pathological suffixes
  • Describe an abnormal condition or a disease
  • neur/algia
  • gastr/itis
  • hem/o/rrhage

18
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  1. pain
  2. formation, growth
  3. forming, producing, origin
  4. bursting forth (of)

19
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  1. pain -algia, -dynia
  2. formation, growth -plasia, -plasm
  3. forming, producing, origin -gen, -genesis
  4. bursting forth (of) -rrhage, -rrhagia

20
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  1. swelling
  2. hernia, swelling
  3. stone, calculus
  4. abnormal condition increase (used primarily with
    blood cells)

21
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  • swelling -edema
  • hernia, swelling -cele
  • stone, calculus -lith
  • abnormal condition increase (used primarily with
    blood cells) -osis

22
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  • 9. involuntary contraction, twitching
  • 10. narrowing, stricture
  • 11. discharge, flow
  • 12. disease

23
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  • 9. involuntary contraction, twitching -spasm
  • 10. narrowing, stricture -stenosis
  • 11. discharge, flow -rrhea
  • 12. disease -pathy

24
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  1. inflammation
  2. tumor
  3. rupture
  4. paralysis

25
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  • inflammation -itis
  • tumor -oma
  • rupture -rrhexis
  • paralysis -plegia

26
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  • dilation, expansion
  • vomiting
  • blood condition
  • abnormal condition (produced by something
    specified)

27
Identify the Pathological Suffix Exercise
  1. dilation, expansion -ectasis
  2. vomiting -emesis
  3. blood condition -emia
  4. abnormal condition (produced by something
    specified) -iasis

28
Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes
  • Grammatical suffixes
  • Attached to word roots to form parts of speech,
    such as adjectives and nouns
  • gastr/ic (adjective)
  • neur/al (adjective)
  • obstetr/ician (noun)
  • pneumon/ia (noun)

29
Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes (continued)
  • Diminutive suffixes
  • Denote a smaller version of a word
  • tub/ule (small, minute)
  • arteri/ole (small, minute)

30
Define Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes
Exercise
  • 1. Adjective suffixes ac, al, -ar, -ary, -ic,
    -ile, and ous mean
  • 2. Noun suffixes esis, -ia, and ism mean
  • 3. Noun suffixes ician and ist mean

31
Define Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes
Exercise
  • 1. Adjective suffixes ac, al, -ar, -ary, -ic,
    -ile, and ous mean pertaining to
  • 2. Noun suffixes esis, -ia, and ism mean
    condition
  • 3. Noun suffixes ician and ist mean specialist

32
Define Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes
Exercise
  • 4. Noun suffix iatry means
  • 5. Diminutive suffixes icle, -ole, and ule
    mean

33
Define Grammatical and Diminutive Suffixes
Exercise
  • 4. Noun suffix iatry means medicine treatment
  • 5. Diminutive suffixes icle, -ole, and ule
    mean small, minute

34
Singular and Plural Suffixes
  • Changes when a word is modified from a singular
    to a plural form
  • diagno/sis to diagno/ses
  • bronch/us to bron/chi
  • deform/ity to deformi/ities

35
Singular and Plural Terms Exercise
  • Change the following terms to their plural form.
  • thrombus
  • ovum
  • fungus
  • diagnosis

36
Singular and Plural Terms Exercise
  1. thrombus thrombi
  2. ovum ova
  3. fungus fungi
  4. diagnosis diagnoses

37
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  • crushing of a stone lith/o/
  • forming a new opening (mouth) in the
    coloncolon/o/
  • excision, removal of the appendix
    /

38
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  • crushing of a stone lith/o/tripsy
  • forming a new opening (mouth) in the
    coloncolon/o/stomy
  • excision, removal of the appendix append/ectomy

39
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  1. disease of the joint(s) arthr/ /
  2. instrument to examine a joint /o/
  3. inflammation of the stomach
    /
  4. surgical puncture of a joint /o/

40
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  • disease of the joint(s) arthr/o/pathy
  • instrument to examine a joint arthr/o/scope
  • inflammation of the stomach gastr/itis
  • surgical puncture of a joint arthr/o/centesis

41
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  • 8. suture of muscle(s) my/o/
  • 9. binding, fixation (of a joint) arthr/o/
  • 10. forming an opening (mouth) into the trachea
    /o/

42
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  • 8. suture of muscle(s) my/o/rrhaphy
  • 9. binding, fixation (of a joint)
    arthr/o/desis
  • 10. forming an opening (mouth) into thetrachea
    trache/o/stomy

43
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  1. instrument for recording the heart cardi/o/
  2. record of electrical activity of the heart
    electr/o/cardi/ /
  3. pain of a nerve /

44
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  1. instrument for recording the heartcardi/o/graph
  2. record of electrical activity of the
    heartelectr/o/cardi/o/gram
  3. pain of a nerve neur/algia

45
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  • forming, producing, origin of cancercarcin/ /
  • softening of bone oste/o/
  • abnormal condition of stones /

46
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  • forming, producing, origin of cancercarcin/o/gen
    or carcin/o/genesis
  • softening of bone oste/o/ malacia
  • abnormal condition of stones lith/iasis

47
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  1. hernia, swelling of the liverhepat/ /
  2. swelling of a lymph gland lymph/
  3. tumor composed of lymph tissuelymph/
  4. bursting forth (of) blood hem/o/

48
Complete the Medical Word Exercise
  1. hernia, swelling of the liver hepat/o/cele
  2. swelling of a lymph gland lymph/edema
  3. tumor composed of lymph tissue lymph/oma
  4. bursting forth (of) blood hem/o/rrhage
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