Learners and Learning - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Learners and Learning PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 741d0a-OGYzY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Learners and Learning

Description:

Learners and Learning A Quick Tour of Instructional Design Models and Learning Theories * * What constitutes Engaged learning? This course deals mainly with Cognitive ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:358
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 43
Provided by: Cathy177
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Learners and Learning


1
Learners and Learning
A Quick Tour of Instructional Design Models and
Learning Theories
2
Designing Instruction
Or not
http//wejew.com/media/977/Seinfeld_History_Lesson
/ http//www.dailymotion.com/video/xa83cm_snl-sein
feld-school-sketch_fun
3
Big Bang Theory Sheldon Teach
4
Our Roadmap
  • Models
  • Bloom Gagné
  • Cybergogy
  • 6-Cs of Motivation
  • Message design
  • SOI of meaningful learning (Mayer).
  • Theories
  • Behaviorism
  • Cognitivism
  • Constructivism
  • Technology
  • all kinds

5
Many other Models Principles
  • Database of Design Principles
  • Emerging Perspectives on Learning, Teaching
    Tech
  • EDTECs EET and EDTEC Student Portfolios

6
Blooms Taxonomy
  • Cognitive and Affective Domain
  • A Review!

7
Blooms Taxonomy
Cognitive and Affective Domain
http//www.odu.edu/educ/llschult/blooms_taxonomy.h
tm
8
Blooms Taxonomy
Cognitive and Affective Domain
Q How would you change the design of your
instruction to match each of these
classifications? Q What do you want your
students to do? Well revisit Bloom next week.
http//www.odu.edu/educ/llschult/blooms_taxonomy.h
tm
9
(No Transcript)
10
Blooms Taxonomy
Links to learn more
http//projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title
Bloom27s_Taxonomy
http//coe.sdsu.edu/eet/Articles/bloomrev/
http//coe.sdsu.edu/eet/Articles/BloomsLD/index.ht
m
Applying Blooms Taxonomy (sample verbs,
questions stems, potential activities and
products)http//www.teachers.ash.org.au/researchs
kills/dalton.htm Advice on Blooms, verb
selection, effective questioning techniques from
St. Edwards University Center for Teaching
Excellence http//www.stedwards.edu/cte/files/Blo
omPolygon.pdf Question cues for test items based
on Blooms Taxonomy from University of
Victoriahttp//www.coun.uvic.ca/learning/exams/bl
ooms-taxonomy.html
11
Gagné
  • Nine Events of Instruction
  • Also, a Review and Reinforcement!

12
Gagnés
Nine Events of Instruction Why Gagné?
  • Provide a framework for planning and delivering
    instruction
  • Works across differing types of learning
    outcomes
  • Intellectual skill
  • Cognitive strategy
  • Verbal information
  • Attitude
  • Motor skill

13
Gagnés
Nine Events of Instruction
Getting Started 1. Gaining Attention 2.
Informing the Learner of the Objective(s) 3.
Stimulating Recall of Prior Learning Delivering
the Goods 4. Presenting Stimuli 5. Guiding
Learning
14
Gagnés
Nine Events of Instruction
  • Checking for Comprehension
  • 6. Eliciting Performance
  • 7. Providing Information
  • Taking it to The Next Level
  • 8. Assessing Performance
  • 9. Enhancing Retention and Transfer

15
Gagnés
Nine Events of Instruction
  • Throughout the semester
  • look for how the 9 events
  • fit different models of instruction and
    instructional design.

16
Cybergogy for Engaged Learning (Wang Kang,
2006 2007)
  • Pedagogy teaching methods for k-12
  • Andragogy for adults
  • Cybergogy for online
  • http//edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Cybergogy

17
What is Engaged Learning?
http//edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Cybergogy
18
  • Emotive presence
  • expressing feelings of self, others, learning

About Presence (the Lana example)
  • Social presence/visibility
  • presenting oneself as a real person in a
    virtual learning environment
  • Cognitive presence
  • sharing information and resources, and
    constructing new knowledge

19
Sample Strategies
  • Designing engaging instruction
  • interactive, collaborative or solo and
    competitive
  • Facilitating online communication
  • Cultivating a better sense of self

20
Course Design Framework
Cognitive Factors
  • Prior knowledge/Experience
  • Achievement of goals
  • Learning activity
  • Cognitive/learning style

Cognitive Factors
Cognitive Load Theory Behaviorism
Engaged Learning
Emotive Factors
  • Feeling of self
  • Feeling of community
  • Feeling of learning atmosphere
  • Feeling of learning process

Emotive Factors
Social Factors
Social Factors
  • Personal attributes
  • Context
  • Community
  • Communication

Online Learning Environment
Kellers ARCS Constructivism Adult Learning
Theory
Social Constructivism
21
Behaviorism
  • Skinner, Pavlov

22
Behaviorism
Pavlov Skinner
  • Overt behaviors that can be measured
  • Sequence of cues teach objectives
  • Use of positive and negative feedback
  • Common applications
  • Behavior Modification
  • Reinforcement Schedules
  • Automaticity Focus on repeating new behavior
    patterns until they become automatic

23
Behaviorism
Pavlov Skinner
Strengths
Weaknesses
  • Teaching facts, simple procedures, concepts, and
    rules
  • Most successful when learning cues are same as
    the desired performance
  • Difficult to transfer to novel situations
  • Unpredictable result when stimulus is absent
  • No problem solving strategies

24
Behaviorism
Pavlov Skinner
  • Give a scenario
  • where you would use
  • a Behaviorist approach.

25
Please dont readthe following slide.
26
Why cant youstop yourself?
27
The answer is
automaticity
28
Cognitivism
  • Mental Maps

29
Cognitive Overload
30
Memories
rehearsal
6.9
7.3
1,829
1,568
cognitive artifact, medium, tool
31
Cognitivism
Mental Maps
  • How we think is important is to how we learn.
  • There is an objective realitya best way to do
    something
  • We create a mental map of reality and use that
    map to make decisions
  • To learn, we build mental maps (schemas) that
    are consistent with and modeled after those of an
    expert
  • Focus on internal knowledge structure,
    information processing, short term, long term
    memory

32
Cognitivism
Mental Maps
Strengths
Weaknesses
  • Skill transfer
  • Effective to teach
  • Complex behaviors
  • The best way to perform a task
  • Single way to perform within a specific
    population (company, military)
  • Rules or ways to think
  • Creates uniform behaviors
  • Assumes behavior is the only or best way

33
Cognitivism
Mental Maps
  • Give an example
  • of cognitivist teaching and
  • learning situations in your world.

34
Constructivism
  • Piaget, Dewey, Vygotsky

35
Constructivism
Piaget, Dewey, Vygotsky
  • Common terms
  • Inquiry-based, learning by doing, hands-on,
    collaborative
  • Assumptions (based on Merrill)
  • Constructed from experience
  • Learning is personal interpretation and an
    active process
  • Situated in realistic settings
  • Share, common knowledge

36
Constructivism
Piaget, Dewey, Vygotsky
Strengths
Weaknesses
  • Effective to teach
  • real life situations
  • solve novel problems
  • problem solving skills with multiple solutions
  • Supports development of metacognitive skills
  • Inefficient to teach
  • Recall of facts
  • Memorization
  • Situations where there is a single way to perform
  • Difficult to evaluate learning objectively

37
Constructivism
Piaget, Dewey, Vygotsky
  • How do you use
  • Constructivist techniques now?
  • How might you in the future?

38
Constructivism
Piaget, Dewey, Vygotsky
Sample Answers
  • Authentic, real scenario
  • Ill-defined problems
  • Collaborative problem-solving
  • Simulated problem-solving
  • Producing real products
  • Anchored instruction
  • Jasper Woodbury Adventure Series
    http//peabody.vanderbilt.edu/projects/funded/jasp
    er/default.html

39
Pop Quiz!
What the underlying learning theory?
  • Increase automaticity
  • Modeling thinking aloud
  • Debriefing
  • Use visuals to reinforce memorization
  • Use computer as a 1-to-1 tutor
  • Brainstorming, mapping, advance organizers
  • Student teaching Intern with Starbucks, ER

40
Sample Portfolios View and Discuss
  • M.A.s
  • COMETeers
  • http//watersportfolio.wordpress.com/
  • http//www.bartoszroman.com/portfolio.html
  • http//www.mannyoliverez.com/portfolio/
  • https//sites.google.com/site/lanasedtecportfolio/
  • http//www.msloomis.com/
  • http//jeaninethomas.weebly.com/
  • http//web.me.com/vderkara1/ePortfolio/Welcome.htm
    l
  • http//www.lyfordrome.com/eportfolio/

41
How do they Connect Theories to Practice?
  • Pay attention to the 572 projects.

42
Think About This
As you select your project where will you
use Behaviorist, Cognitivist or Constructivist
strategies? In what aspects of your
instruction? How would you use these
strategies online or face to face?
About PowerShow.com