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Title: Title of this Lecture: America


1
Title of this Lecture Americas Mandarin
Does the title make sense?
2
Geneva Conference
  • Post Dien Bien Phu
  • Two Groups wont shake hands
  • Decisions
  • Ceasefire in Nam
  • Temporary split til reunification referendum
  • U.S. role at the conference?
  • Commies ? North Capitalists ? South
  • U.S. begins to support Diem

3
Diems Personality
Stranger to Vietnamese
4
Examples of Diems personality traits
  • The French appointed Diem to be Interior Minister
    under Bao Dai before WWII. Diem quit after three
    months because he saw the government was a puppet
    govt.
  • Personality traitsBrave and Nationalist

5
  • Diem turned down an offer from Ho Chi Minh to
    have a high position in the Vietminh because he
    didnt want to be a communist stooge taking
    orders from Moscow or Beijing
  • Personality traits- Anti-communist

6
Rigged election
  • Named Prime Minister by Bao Dai after the Geneva
    Conference
  • Less than two years later he held a referendum to
    remove Bao Dai and not to replace him. With
    American help he rigged the election

7
Election dirty tricks
  • Diems agents were at the polling places to
    intimidate voters
  • The ballots for Diem were red (good luck) and
    those for Bao Dai were green (bad luck)
  • Diems agents even threw away ballots for Bao Dai
  • Result Diem won by 98.2. In some provinces he
    got
  • more votes than there were registered voters.
  • Personality Traits- Headstrong

8
Growing Hope in the U.S. that Diem may be able to
build a viable state to rival Hos north
  • American support for Diem grew. He defeated a
    mafia-like gang that ran a drug and prostitution
    ring in Saigon (Binh Xuyen). The U.S. liked him
    because he was so fiercely anti-communist and he
    was Christian, like many in the U.S.
  • The U.S. started to supply him with money. The
    money went directly to Diem, and he used it to
    put the most loyal people into government
    positions.
  • Personality trait- Strong and Nepotistic

9
NGO DINH DIEM
  • Lyndon Johnson once compared Diem to Churchill.
    When later asked if he meant it, he said
  • Shit. Diems the only boy we got out there.


10
An Important Side Issue Helped Diem and Americans
Be Crafty
  • Land Reform

11
Land Reform- North v South
  • South/ Diems Reform
  • Redistribute land to loyalists
  • Positive-Manages to get his own friends in charge
    of many villages. Gets land to 10 of the
    peasants
  • Negative- Kills or imprisons commies- many
    without trials. Alienates peasants.

12
Land Reform- North v South
  • Hos Reform
  • Redistribute land to peasants
  • Positive-Land given to roughly 60 of the
    peasants
  • Negative- Those who are non-commies or those who
    resist giving up land are killed. Ho later
    apologizes for this brutal policy. Says it was a
    mistake.

13
Reunification Elections are Canceled by Diem
(with U.S. backing)
  • U.S. and Diem use Hos violence in the north to
    argue that election wouldnt be free and fair.
    Real reason?
  • Ho would probably win.

OOPS!
14
End of Part I of lecture
15
Here is the main question of the first part of
this lecture. Support or defend one of the
following statements.
  • The U.S., as a democratic and free nation, has
    the obligation to defend other nations right to
    free elections, even if we predict that the
    winner of the election will not be in our best
    interests.
  • Or
  • 2. The U.S. has a right to defend its interests,
    and as a result, has the right to interfere in a
    country whose elections, although free, present a
    threat to our international interests.

16
Part II. Diems fall from grace
17
Over the Years Diem slowly alienated most major
groups in Southern Vietnam
  • Buddhists- persecuted majority under the French
  • Persecuted under Diems nepotism
  • 1963- protest

18
Money Given to Diem by the U.S.(billions) goes
to buy loyalty for an unpopular govt rather than
towards reforms frustration among Americas
government
  • Diem feels like he can be the puppet who pulls
    the strings

19
-Fighting that lulled afterGeneva starts to
build up inintensity-Understanding Names of
Vietnamese Fighting Forces
NVA, Vietminh, regular army
DMZ
ARVN or Republican Soldiers
NLF, VC, Vietcong, Charlie
20
Strategic Hamlet Program
  • Diems forces endeavored to remove the "neutral"
    population from guerrilla contact by forcing them
    to live in basically a concentration camp
  • "Peasants resented working without pay to dig
    moats, implant bamboo stakes, and erect fences
    against an enemy that did not threaten them but
    directed its sights against government
    officials."

21
Diem Play!
22
Coup dDiem
  • U.S. hints that it would welcome a change in
    leadership
  • Did it accept murder or simply replacement?
  • Defense of an empty palace
  • Diem is murdered in the end
  • Who has Diems blood on their hands?

23
After-Effects of the Coup dDiem
  • Series of coups 7 in the next year after Diem is
    gone
  • Carpe Diem

24
After-Effects of the Coup dDiem
  • Many coups in a row seven in the next year alone
  • U.S. has blood on its hands

25
Hansen Name _____________Vietnam Quiz to
Follow Starr Reading 38-40 2 pts each
____/10 1. Diems religion ___________2. Group
Diem defeated in street fighting in the southern
capital __________________________a. Vietcong
(VC) c. Vietminh e. NLFb. armed gangsters
(Binh Xuyen) d. Americans3. Diem defeated Bao
Dai in elections that were notable because
____________________a. Diem, the winner, only
received 30 of the vote c. Diems name wasnt
on the ballotb. Diem got an impossibly large
percentage of the votes d. Diem was not a
citizen of Vietnam 4. Diem __________________
(honored/rejected) the Vietnamese maxim that the
power of the emperor stops at the village gate.
5. Diems actions after being elected Prime
Minister best demonstrate the following type of
government (best answer only) a. mandarin (wise
ruler) c. democrat (ruler who follows the will
of the people) b. dictator (ruler by
force) d. theocrat (religious leader)
Hansen Name ____________Vietnam Quiz to
Follow Starr Reading 38-40 2 pts each
____/10 1. Diems religion ___________2. Group
Diem defeated in street fighting in the southern
capital __________________________a. Vietcong
(VC) c. Vietminh e. NLFb. armed gangsters
(Binh Xuyen) d. Americans3. Diem defeated Bao
Dai in elections that were notable because
____________________a. Diem, the winner, only
received 30 of the vote c. Diems name wasnt
on the ballotb. Diem got an impossibly large
percentage of the votes d. Diem was not a
citizen of Vietnam 4. Diem __________________
(honored/rejected) the Vietnamese maxim that the
power of the emperor stops at the village gate.
5. Diems actions after being elected Prime
Minister best demonstrate the following type of
government (best answer only) a. mandarin (wise
ruler) c. democrat (ruler who follows the will
of the people) b. dictator (ruler by
force) d. theocrat (religious leader)
Hansen Name _______________Vietnam Quiz to
Follow Starr Reading 38-40 2 pts each
____/10 1. Diems religion ___________2. Group
Diem defeated in street fighting in the southern
capital __________________________a. Vietcong
(VC) c. Vietminh e. NLFb. armed gangsters
(Binh Xuyen) d. Americans3. Diem defeated Bao
Dai in elections that were notable because
____________________a. Diem, the winner, only
received 30 of the vote c. Diems name wasnt
on the ballotb. Diem got an impossibly large
percentage of the votes d. Diem was not a
citizen of Vietnam 4. Diem __________________
(honored/rejected) the Vietnamese maxim that the
power of the emperor stops at the village gate.
5. Diems actions after being elected Prime
Minister best demonstrate the following type of
government (best answer only) a. mandarin (wise
ruler) c. democrat (ruler who follows the will
of the people) b. dictator (ruler by
force) d. theocrat (religious leader)
26
Hansen Name ___________Vietnam Lecture-
Introduction to Ngo Dinh Diem (or)
  • Americas Mandarin? _____________________________
    ____ _____________________________________________
    ______
  • Post Dien Bien Phu
  • Two Groups wont shake hands _____________________
    ___ ______________________________________________
    ___
  • Decisions
  • ___________________in Nam
  • Temporary split til _____________________________
  • U.S. role at the conference? _____________________
    _____________________________ ____________________
    _______________________________
  • Commies ? ______
  • Capitalists ? _______
  • U.S. Begins tosupport ________
  • Diems Personality Traits
  • ______________________________________
  • ______________________________________
  • ______________________________________
  • ______________________________________
  • Examples of Diems Personality Traits
  • Bao Dai Example __________________________________
    _ ________________________________________________
    _
  • Ho Chi Minh Example ______________________________
    __ _______________________________________________
    ___
  • Rigged Election Example __________________________
    ___ ______________________________________________
    ____ _____________________________________________
    ____
  • Growing Hope in the U.S. that Diem may be able to
    ______________ ___________________________________
    ____________________
  • American support for Diem grew. He defeated a
    __________________________________________________
    _______________ (Binh Xuyen).
  • The U.S. liked him because he was so fiercely
    ______________ and he was Christian, like many
    in the U.S.
  • The U.S. started to supply him with money. The
    money went __________________________________ ,
    and he used it to ________________________________
    __________________________________________________
    ________________.
  • Personality trait- _________________________
  • An Important Side Issue Helped ___________________
    __________ _______________________________________
    ________________
  • Land Reform - ____________________________________
    ______
  • South/ Diems Reform
  • _______________________________________
  • Positive-Manages to get his ______________________
    ________ _________________________________________
    ___________. Gets land to ____________ of the
    peasants
  • Negative- Kills or imprisons commies. Many are
    killed without _______. __________________________
    ___.
  • North/ Hos Reform
  • Redistribute land to peasants
  • Positive-Land given to roughly ______ of the
    peasants
  • Negative- Those who are non-commies or those who
    resist giving up land are ____. Ho later
    _______________________________
    __________________________________________________
    __
  • Reunification Elections are Canceled by Diem
    (_______________)
  • U.S. and Diem use Hos violence in the north to
    argue that election wouldnt be
    __________________. Real reason?
    __________________________________________________
    ____
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