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Management and Leadership

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Management and Leadership Entrepreneur or Manager Vertical Organizational structure Educational systems and governmental systems are built upon the concept that ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Management and Leadership


1
Management and Leadership
  • Entrepreneur or Manager

2
Management Terms
  • Manager
    Directing
  • Strategic Plans Tactical
    Plans
  • Organizational Structure Climate
  • Operational Plans Quality
    Control Program
  • Situational Management Image
  • Planning Team
    Building
  • Organizing
    Communication
  • Conceptual Skills Human
    Relations (HR)
  • Controlling
    Nonverbal Communication
  • Time Management Vertical
    Organization
  • Horizontal Organization

3
Manager
  • Person who has the responsibility to coordinate
    the people, the processes and resources of an
    operation.
  • A leader is someone that others will follow.

4
Many entrepreneurs
  • Do not make good managers, but often must learn
    to become good managers.

5
Planning is
  • The act of setting goals, developing strategies,
    outlining tasks, and creating timelines to meet
    those goals

6
Strategic Plans are
  • long term. They map out goals for the business
    for 3-5 years and usually there is no specific
    target date. Strategic plans focus on
    generalities like best, biggest or most

7
Tactical Plans are
  • mid-range plans and focus on a year or less.
    These plans consist of specific objectives and
    target dates. Tactical plans show how to
    accomplish the Strategic Plans.

8
Operational Plans are
  • short-term and help achieve Tactical Plans in day
    to day business. These plans include policies,
    rules, regulations and budgets.

9
Organizing is
  • The grouping of resources in combinations that
    will help the business reach its goals

10
Directing is
  • The process of guiding and supervising employees.

11
Controlling is
  • The process of comparing your expected results
    (goals) with actual performance.

12
Theory X
  • Management assumes employees are inherently lazy
    and will avoid work because they dislike it. As a
    result of this, management believes that workers
    need to be closely supervised with comprehensive
    systems of controls.

13
Theory Y
  • Management assumes employees are ambitious,
    self-motivated and exercise self-control. It is
    believed that employees enjoy their mental and
    physical work duties.

14
Good Managers
  • Shift managerial, X and Y theories, depending on
    the task, individual and businesss needs.

15
Shifting a management style to fit the climate
  • In a set of circumstances is
  • Situational Management

16
Business Climate is
  • A prevailing atmosphere or attitude. Management
    should promote a climate of growth for employees,
    as well as for the business promoting
    creativity, innovation, goal achievement and
    effective communication.

17
Image is
  • The mental picture and feelings people associate
    with a business.
  • Employees want to be associated with a winner.
    Managers should create the employee image of a
    successful business.

18
Human Relations (HR)
  • Helps management interact with employees,
    vendors, suppliers and customers in the form of
    communication, as a department within an
    organization.

19
Team Building
  • Involves activities designed to encourage
    employees to work better together, creating a
    positive climate within an organization.

20
Communication is
  • The process of exchanging information.

21
Non-verbal Communication is
  • Communication without spoken words. Examples
    include Facial expressions, gestures, posture,
    eye contact, personal space, clothing choices,
    actions and behaviors.

22
Conceptual Skills
  • Use of thinking, reasoning and logic to better
    visualize a businesss future.

23
Time Management is
  • The process of allocating time effectively.
    Managers may have many projects and activities in
    various stages of completion, making Time
    Management skills very important.

24
7 Time Management Suggestions for managers
  1. Set and prioritize your goals.
  2. Delegate work to others whenever possible.
  3. Plan to spend blocks of time on specific
    activities.
  4. Schedule activities on a planning calendar.

25
7 Time Management Suggestions (continued)
  • 5. Schedule most important work during the time
    of day, when you are at your best. (Morning, Noon
    or Evening)
  • Create group assignments for most effective time
    use and Multi-task.
  • Handle or eliminate interruptions, so not to take
    up time.

26
Organizational Structure is
  • Is how departments interrelate and who is in
    charge of what?

27
Organizational Chart
  • Organizational Structure is usually determined by
    job description, then by an Organizational Chart.
  • Organization are structured either Vertically or
    Horizontally

28
Vertical Organizational structure
  • Educational systems and governmental systems are
    built upon the concept that authority belongs to
    few and obedience to many.

29
Horizontal Structure
  • Horizontal structure, or flat organization is the
    level distribution of power and uses team
    interaction to accomplish goals. Advocates of
    horizontal organization maintain that vertical
    organization is based only on the management kept
    in place by competition for power, which should
    not be a strong foundation of a business.
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