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Wasted City Review

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Title: Wasted & City Review Author: Ewoldsen Last modified by: Mark Ewoldsen Created Date: 12/13/2013 7:36:46 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Wasted City Review


1
Wasted City Review
2
  • Currently, most of the US population lives in
    ____ areas.
  • A. Rural
  • B. Suburban
  • C. Exurban
  • D. Urban
  • E. Superurban

3
  • Which of the following best explains the rise of
    MSW generated by individuals in developing
    countries?
  • A. Their growing populations and the increase in
    disposable income of individuals
  • B. Their growing populations of young people and
    urbanization efforts
  • C. Their growing populations and increased
    numbers of individuals in the work force
  • D. Their growing populations and the mass
    production of consumer goods used in developed
    countries
  • E. Their stable populations and their increase in
    disposable income of individuals

4
  • The major component of MSW in the United States
    is
  • A. paper
  • B. yard trimmings
  • C. metal
  • D. plastic
  • E. wood

5
  • When MSW is categorized based on its source, the
    category that comprises the greatest amount is
  • A. containers and packaging
  • B. nondurable goods
  • C. durable goods
  • D. construction debris
  • E. food and yard waste

6
  • An environmental cost of sending computers to
    landfills is
  • A. there is inadequate landfill space in the
    United States for computers
  • B. it is less expensive to send computers to the
    landfill than to recycle them
  • C. children separate the components of the
    disposed of computers
  • D. the disposed computers contain toxic metals
    that can end up in the environment
  • E. landfill standards keep the toxic compounds in
    the computers from leaching into the water table

7
  • In order from the environmentally most desirable
    to the least desirable, the 3 Rs stand for
  • A. Recycle, Reuse, Reduce
  • B. Recycle, Reduce, Reuse
  • C. Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
  • D. Reduce, Recycle, Reuse
  • E. Reuse, Reduce, Recycle

8
  • Which of the following is/are environmental
    benefit/s of recycling aluminum?
  • I. Reduces the effects on the land from mining
  • II. Reduces the effects of leaching in landfills
  • III. Reduces the energy required to transport and
    process mined ore
  • A. I only D. I and III only
  • B. II only E. I, II, and III
  • C. I and II only

9
  • Which of the following is least likely to be a
    danger associated with leachate from a sanitary
    landfill?
  • A. The leachate can leak into nearby soils
  • B. The leachate can leak into groundwater
  • C. The leachate can contain toxic metal compounds
  • D. The leachate can be at a high temperature
  • E. The leachate can be classified as toxic waste
    and have to be treated accordingly

10
  • Byproducts of waste incineration include
  • I. Waste heat
  • II. Fly ash (residues from combustion)
  • III. Increase in rodent population
  • A. I D. I and III
  • B. II E. I, II, and III
  • C. I and II

11
  • Given the following waste management options,
    which is the optimal choice for the environment?
  • A. Production of less waste material
  • B. Depositing waste in a landfill
  • C. Depositing waste in an open pit in the ground
  • D. Incineration of waste
  • E. Hazardous waste treatment

12
  • What is the change in the generation of
    plastics from 1980 to 2005.
  • A. 53 decrease D. 200 increase
  • B. 53 increase E. 300 increase
  • C. 75 increase

13
  • The typical U.S. resident produces an average of
    5 lbs of MSW every day. What is the approximate
    amount of waste generated annually by the
    approximately 310 million people in the United
    States?
  • A. 5.80 x 108 lbs D. 5.80 x 1011 lbs
  • B. 5.80 x 109 lbs E. 5.80 x 1012 lbs
  • C. 5.80 x 1010 lbs

14
  • United States legislation that directly addresses
    the handling of hazardous waste includes
  • I. Clean Air Act
  • II. RCRA
  • III. CERCLA
  • A. I only D. II and III only
  • B. II only E. I, II, and III
  • C. I and III only

15
  • What law was implemented in reaction to Love
    Canal?
  • A. RCRA
  • B. Toxic Substances Control Act
  • C.  CERCLA
  • D. The Lacey Act
  • E. Endangered Species Act

16
  • In a low-waste approach, which of the following
    strategies should be given TOP priority?
  • A. incinerate
  • B. reuse
  • C. reduce
  • D. bury
  • E. recycle

17
  • Taking a refillable coffee cup to the office and
    using it instead of throwaway cups is an example
    of ____.
  • A. Refuse
  • B. Reduce
  • C. Reuse
  • D. Repurpose
  • E. Recycle

18
  • The Superfund program pays
  • A. to clean up inactive or abandoned
    hazardous-waste dump sites.
  • B. to monitor hazardous wastes.
  • C. for testing for lead in paint, water, and air
    samples.
  • D. the doctors' bills and lawyers' fees for
    pollution events.
  • E. for repairing Clark Kents cape

19
  • The most energy-efficient beverage container on
    the market is
  • A. refillable glass.
  • B. recyclable aluminum.
  • C. stainless steel.
  • D. recyclable plastic.
  • E. Carton.

20
  • Biodegradable products need ____ to be broken
    down.
  • A. light
  • B. oxygen and moisture
  • C. anaerobic conditions
  • D. cool conditions
  • E. heat

21
  • Of the following materials, the most difficult to
    recycle is
  • A. glass.
  • B. plastic.
  • C. paper.
  • D. aluminum.
  • E. cardboard.

22
  • Incinerators
  • A. create many low-paying jobs.
  • B. are inexpensive to build.
  • C. are inexpensive to operate and maintain.
  • D. release toxic substances in fly ash and bottom
    ash.
  • E. create few high paying jobs.

23
  • Sanitary landfills that are still being filled
    typically have problems with
  • A. rodents and insects.
  • B. odor.
  • C. open, uncovered garbage.
  • D. traffic, noise, and dust.
  • E. spread of disease.

24
  • Which of the following methods of hazardous waste
    conversion methods requires temperatures of up to
    2,000 degrees C?
  • A. incineration
  • B. bioremediation
  • C. physical methods
  • D. cyclodextrin
  • E. phytoremediation

25
  • Of the following methods of reducing hazardous
    wastes, the most desirable is
  • A. recycling and reusing hazardous wastes.
  • B. substitution of safer products that don't
    produce hazardous wastes.
  • C. conversion into less hazardous and
    nonhazardous materials.
  • D. incineration.
  • E. perpetual storage.

26
  • Mercury primarily acts as a(an)
  • A. carcinogen
  • B. neurotoxin
  • C. allergen
  • D. mutagen
  • E. poison

27
  • Which of the following produces the loudest
    sound?
  • A. jackhammer
  • B. chain saw
  • C. rock music
  • D. military rifle
  • E. truck

28
  • The main advantage of rapid rail over mass
    transit rail is that rapid rail
  • A. it is more energy efficient
  • B. it produces less air pollution
  • C. it requires less land area
  • D. it must operate along heavily used routes to
    be profitable
  • E. it is ideal for trips of 200-1,000 kilometers

29
  • Which of the five Rs is the least desirable from
    an environmental standpoint?
  • A. Refuse
  • B. Reduce
  • C. Reuse
  • D. Repurpose
  • E. Recycle

30
  • Which is the most advanced approach?
  • A. recycling materials
  • B. using biodegradable material
  • C. creating more durable products
  • D. reducing the materials used
  • E. reusing materials
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