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What is it? http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/

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What is it? http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/ Livestock Terms and Breeds Objectives List Sex terms of Beef, Sheep, Swine, Horses, and Chickens and what each means. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is it? http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/


1
What is it? http//www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/
2
Livestock Terms and Breeds
3
Objectives
  • List Sex terms of Beef, Sheep, Swine, Horses, and
    Chickens and what each means.
  • List Common External Anatomy terms between Beef,
    Sheep and Swine.
  • Compare different names for common structures.
  • Analyze species-specific terms and what they
    mean.
  • Compare breeds of Beef, Sheep and Swine.

4
Objectives (cont)
  • Prepare group oral report on What Breed is Best
    for class presentation.

5
Animal Sex Terms
  • Beef
  • Sheep
  • Swine
  • Horses
  • Chickens

6
Beef
  • Bull - mature male
  • Cow - mature female with one calf
  • Heifer - female that has not calved yet
  • Steer - castrated male prior to puberty
  • Stag - castrated male after puberty
  • Calf - young beef animal

7
Sheep
  • Ram/Buck - mature male
  • Ewe - female, prior to and after lambing
  • Wether - castrated male prior to puberty
  • Stag - castrated male after puberty
  • Lamb - young sheep

8
Swine
  • Boar - mature male
  • Sow - mature female after farrowing
  • Barrow - castrated male prior to puberty
  • Stag - castrated male after puberty
  • Gilt - female prior to farrowing
  • Pig(let) -young pig

9
Horses
  • Stallion - mature male
  • Mare - mature female after foaling
  • Gelding - castrated male
  • Filly - female prior to foaling
  • Colt - male, uncastrated, up to 3 yrs. old
  • Foal - young horse

10
Chickens
  • Cock/rooster - mature male
  • Hen - mature female
  • Cockerel - young male prior to puberty
  • Capon - castrated male prior to puberty
  • Pullet - young female prior to laying
  • Chick - young chicken

11
Activity
  • Take 1-2 note cards and write the terms for each
    species on each with their definition.
  • You can use these to study for the matching
    portion of the test.

12
External Anatomy
  • Beef Main TermsLoin, Rump, Tail head, Stifle,
    Brisket, Rib, Quarter, Rear flank, Forearm, Hook,
    Pin, Round, Loin, Rib, Flank, Plate, Chuck,
    Brisket, Shank
  • Sheep Main TermsRump, Loin, Back (Rack),
    Shoulder, Leg, Rear flank, Fore flank, Breast,
    Leg, Breast, Loin, Rack, Shoulder, Shank
  • Swine Main Terms Shoulder, Loin, Rump, Ham, Rear
    flank, Fore flank, Jowl, Boston Butt, Loin, Ham,
    Jowl, Picnic Shoulder, Spare Ribs, Belly

13
Beef
14
Beef
15
Sheep
16
Sheep
17
Swine
18
Swine
19
Beef Breeds
  • Angus
  • Hereford
  • Shorthorn
  • Charolais
  • Limousin
  • Simmental
  • Gelbvieh
  • Brahman
  • Brangus
  • Note the following pictures have been borrowed
    from this website http//www.ansi.okstate.edu/bre
    eds/

20
British - Angus
  • Black, Polled
  • High Quality Carcass
  • Early Maturity
  • Good Maternally

21
Hereford
  • Polled or horned
  • Good temperament
  • Hardy
  • Low milk production

22
Shorthorn
  • Red, White, Roan
  • Polled/Horned
  • Good milk production

23
Continental - Charolais
  • White
  • Heavy muscling
  • Fast growth
  • Horned/Polled
  • Hard to breed to grades (Choice to Prime)

24
Limousin
  • Semi-Golden
  • Good muscling
  • Trim
  • Polled/Horned

25
Simmental
  • Red, White, Yellow, Black, Brown
  • Polled/Horned
  • Dual Purpose breed (milk and meat production)

26
Gelbvieh
  • Golden, Brown
  • Tripurpose (milk, meat, draft)
  • Oxen 4-5 year old Steers used for work

27
Exotic - Brahman (Bos indicus)
  • Heat Tolerant
  • Temperamental
  • Tropical Breed (West Indies)

28
American/Improved - Brangus
  • Black
  • Polled
  • 3/8 Brahman
  • 5/8 Angus
  • Popular in arid regions (Texas, U.S. southwest)

29
Sheep Breeds
  • Suffolk
  • Dorset
  • Hampshire
  • Rambouillet
  • Lincoln

30
Suffolk - 1 Breed in VA
  • Large, with short wool
  • Ram breed (tall, meaty, good carcass)
  • Droopy ears

31
Dorset - 2 Breed in VA
  • Medium length wool
  • Dual Breed (milking, meat)
  • White, Horizontal ears
  • Small wool cap
  • Horned/Polled

32
Hampshire - 3 Breed in VA
  • Medium Length wool
  • Ram Breed
  • Black face, white wool
  • Large Droopy ears
  • Prone to wool blindness

33
Rambouillet
  • Ewe breed (Maternal)
  • Good herding instinct
  • Large and hardy
  • White, small horizontal ears
  • Rams horned
  • Medium length wool
  • Large wool cap

34
Lincoln
  • Dual purpose breed (Wool and Meat)
  • Black nose
  • Small wool cap
  • Long wool
  • Erect ears
  • Fairly good carcass

35
Swine Breeds
  • Yorkshire
  • Landrace
  • Chester White
  • Duroc
  • Hampshire
  • Berkshire
  • Spotted Swine or Spots

36
Yorkshire
  • Good Mothering
  • White
  • Erect Ears

37
Landrace
  • White
  • Long Floppy ears
  • Good Mothering

38
Chester White
  • White
  • Medium Droopy ears
  • Good Mothering

39
Duroc - 1 Meat Breed
  • Red
  • Good carcass
  • Females - poor milking ability
  • Drooped ears

40
Hampshire
  • Black and white, belted
  • Good carcass
  • Erect ears
  • Poor libido

41
Berkshire
  • From England
  • Large, meaty hog favorite of British Royals for
    centuries.
  • American Berkshire Association first swine
    registry in U.S.

42
Spotted Swine or Spots
  • Black and white spots
  • Droopy ears
  • Aggressive
  • Originated in China

43
Activity
  • Group Presentations

44
Review
  • Questions?
  • Context for the future
  • Beef Breeds
  • Dairy Breeds
  • Goat Breeds
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