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Has Land Reform been a success?

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Has Land Reform been a success? Land Reform target won t be met After the fall of apartheid in 1994, the African National Congress-led government set itself a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Has Land Reform been a success?


1
Has Land Reform been a success?
2
Land Reform target wont be met
  • After the fall of apartheid in 1994, the African
    National Congress-led government set itself a
    target of handing 30 of all agricultural land to
    the black majority by 2014.
  • The government said last year it had so far
    managed to transfer about 6 of land to blacks
    and had been slowed down mainly by a shortage of
    funds to buy land.
  • "We cannot raise R75bn by 2014 to acquire the 82
    million hectares of land that we have targeted...
    we just don't have the money," Gugile Nkwinti
    (Land Reform Minister) said.

http//www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/SA-cant-mee
t-land-reform-target-20100226
3
Many Black-owned farms are failing
  • Some 90 of farms redistributed to South Africa's
    black population from white farmers are not
    productive.
  • Almost 60,000 sq km (23,000 sq miles) have been
    redistributed under policies aimed at benefiting
    black people who were left impoverished by
    apartheid. The land was bought from white farmers
    who sold up voluntarily.
  • Many black farmers feel they have not been given
    the resources and support to allow them to make a
    success of their land. Many have no farming
    experience.

http//www.eutimes.net/2010/11/failure-of-south-af
rican-land-reform/
http//news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8547621.stm
4
More than 3000 White farmers murdered
  • Many continue to face intimidation in an attempt
    to push them off land. The farm may have an
    outstanding land claim and these acts of murder
    and intimidation are seen by many as an attempt
    to encourage the farmers to become willing
    sellers.
  • This has lead to many successful white farmers
    leaving selling up. Often these farms then
    struggle under black ownership.

http//www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/Grisly-farm
-murder-scene-indescribable-20110210
http//www.bbc.co.uk/news/10151548
http//www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/africa
/article7078730.ece
5
Townships still home to millions
  • Fifteen years after the ANC won its first
    election, more than one million South Africans
    still live in shacks.
  • The gap between rich and poor is also wider than
    it was 15 years ago.
  • How many still lack access to clean water and
    electricity?

http//news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/8003916.st
m
http//www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-11947853
http//news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/8010648.st
m
http//news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8163187.stm
6
Inflated Land Prices
  • There have been instances where prices of land
    have been inflated in order to provide the
    willing seller (farmer) with a bigger profit.
    In the short-term, the South African Government
    would lose out financially as they provide the
    lone for willing buyer but ultimately the
    willing buyer will pay back more than he/she
    should for the land.

7
Land Reform has helped some
  • Blacks now own approximately 20 of land in South
    Africa, compared to 13 in 1994.
  • However, thats clearly still far lower than it
    could and probably should be.

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vwJGrQTczUCA
8
Some have benefitted from Land Reform
  • Watch the clip below about Gift Mafulekas
    experience and summarise.

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vwJGrQTczUCA
9
Fort Hare Dairy Farm
  • This partnership between farmers and black
    workers is a BEE initiative where ownership is
    shared between the white farmers who own 35 of
    the land and approximately 600 Black dairy farm
    workers. The University of Fort Hare provides
    research and scientific knowledge to the farm and
    the Land Bank has provided loans.

http//www.youtube.com/watch?vm3ggI_21RP8
http//amadlelo.co.za/index.php?optioncom_content
viewarticleid48Itemid72
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