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Period 6:The Gilded Age

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Title: Period 6:The Gilded Age


1
Period 6The Gilded Age
  • 1870-1895

2
Evolutions in Tech/Liberal Arts
  • Light Bulb
  • Assembly Line
  • Transportation
  • Literature(Mark Twain)
  • Steel(Skyscrapers)
  • Railroads

3
Important People
  • Presidents
  • Ulysses S. Grant 1869-1877
  • Rutherford B. Hayes 1877-1881
  • James A. Garfield 1881-1885(assassinated in
    1881)
  • Chest A. Arthur 1881-1885
  • Grover Cleveland 1885-1889 1893-1897
  • Benjamin Harrison 1889-1893

Forgotten Presidents
  • Boss Tweed
  • Robber Barons-Carnegie, Rockefeller, J.P. Morgan
  • American Federation of Labor(AFL)-Samuel Gompers
  • Knights of Labor
  • Eugene V. Debs and Socialism

4
Major Acts/Laws
  • Homestead Act-1862
  • Morrill Land Grant Act-1862
  • Dawes Severalty Act-1887(Indian Reservation)
  • McKinley Tariff-1894

5
Important Places
  • Tammany Hall in New York
  • Tentant Houses
  • Settlement Houses
  • Congress
  • Chicago
  • D.C.

6
Important Events
  • Haymarket Square Riot-1886(Chicago,Il)
  • Plessy V. Ferguson Case-Segeration Allowed in
    Public Places(Seperate But Equal)

7
Terms to Know
  • Horizontal and Vertical Integration
  • Monopolies
  • Corporate Consolidation
  • Holding Company
  • Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
  • Trade Unions
  • Settlement Houses
  • "Yellow Journalism"(Jacob R.)

8
Summary of Events
  • The Gilded Age was an Era in American history
    that took place between 1869-1895. The name of
    this age came from famous author, Mark Twain.
  • Something that is Gilded, from the outside, it
    seems to be very rich, prosperous, and important.
    However, this gilded society, when you scrape of
    the gold, witnesses the true corruption of
    society.
  • From Poltical Corruption, to economic faliures,
    to social inequality among class level, income,
    race, and origin.

9
Summary of Events-Cont.
  • MAJOR PROBLEMS
  • Political Machines(Tammany Hall)
  • Division of Wealth on Social Classes
  • Bribes and Threats
  • Monopolies and Vertical Integration
  • Economic Panics(Panic of 1893)
  • Overproduction and Inflation
  • Rural vs. Urban
  • Agricultural vs Industrialization
  • Standards of Money(Gold V. Silver)
  • Role of Government in the means of production

10
Summary of Events-Cont. Gilded Age-Political
  • Stalwart and Half-Breed-Political Division in the
    party
  • Laissez Faire Capitalism
  • Gospal of Wealth
  • Social Darwinism

11
Social Changes
  • Advertising
  • Department stores

12
Economic Changes
  • Monopolies
  • Veritcal integration
  • Railroad intervention
  • Trust Busting
  • Capatilism Gowth

13
Questions to think about
  • What changed about govermental policy from
    Reconstruction Era to Gilded Age Era
  • What was the importance of immigration at this
    time and age?
  • Name two examples of poltical, social, and
    economic problems that relates to the ideology
    that would follow The Gospel of Wealth and Social
    Darwinism
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