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Facilities Design


Facilities Design & Layout Chapter 7 Pages 148 155 Facilities Design & Layout This strategy area should really be considered well before the businesses is set up. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Facilities Design

Facilities Design Layout
  • Chapter 7
  • Pages 148 155

Facilities Design Layout
  • This strategy area should really be considered
    well before the businesses is set up.
  • It involves looking at the best way to set out
    the actual business so as to optimise efficiency
    in terms of movement and space, leading to cost

Facilities Design and Layout
  • The first decision will be the geographic
    location of the operations facility.
  • Considerations here include
  • Availability of labour
  • Access to markets
  • Access to suppliers
  • Land zoning regulations
  • Purchasing costs involved

Facilities Design and Layout
  • Some factors that may influence the facilities
    location and design include
  • The product being manufactured or the service
    being performed
  • Amount of physical space required
  • The use of equipment
  • Equipment and facilities maintenance
  • Access to raw materials
  • Location of finished products

Facilities Design and Layout
  • Considerations must be given to
  • The work environment of employees. Workplace
    ergonomics can affect productivity.
  • Legal requirements and obligations. These include
    things such as occupational health and safety.
  • Communication channels.
  • Visual appeal.

Facilities Design Layout
  • Key questions to consider when establishing the
    design and layout of an operations system
  • How much space do we need?
  • Where are our suppliers located?
  • What do we produce?
  • What are our security needs and concerns?

Facilities Design Layout
  • Facility layout the physical layout of a work
  • The processes and the different stages of
    production must be linked so that production
    needs are met.

Facilities Design Layout
  • There are three main types of operation layouts
  • The fixed position layout (Everything in one
  • The process layout (Resources and equipment
    are/is organised according to their/its function)
  • The product layout (The sequential development of
    the product determines the location of equipment)

Activity / Physical Demo
  • Fixed position layout 4 volunteers
  • Process layout 6 volunteers
  • Product layout 6 volunteers

  • Types of facilities layout
  • Put the following terms in your glossary
  • Batch production
  • Mass production
  • Assembly line

Facilities Design Layout

Retail Layout
  • There are a few ways in which retail stores
    organise their products one way would be
    according to the type of item.

Retail Layout
  • Some stores, such as Ikea, carefully plan
    pathways, entrances and exits in their stores so
    that customers walk through the entire store to
    get to the checkout.
  • Maximising customers exposure to the products ca
    lead to impulse sales, giving the retailer more

Retail Layout
  • Retail layouts must also
  • Cater to customer needs
  • Provide sufficient customer access
  • Promote a safe shopping environment
  • Support delivery and storage systems
  • Follow laws and government regulations

Office Layout
  • An office deals with the flow of information.
  • These administration facilities must effectively
    support the operations of the organisation and
    the specific needs of the department.

Static Functional Needs
  • Relates to those functions whereby an employee
    has to complete their tasks at the location of
    their work station.
  • Static employees have a fixed base of operations.
  • Static employees require direct access to all the
    information, equipment and materials needed to
    perform their duties.

Dynamic Functional Needs
  • Relates to those functions whereby the employee
    performs some of their work tasks away from their
    work station.
  • Dynamic employees require immediate access to
  • They will also generally require to be supported
    by flexible equipment and materials.
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