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War on Terrorism War in Iraq

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War on Terrorism War in Iraq – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: War on Terrorism War in Iraq


1
War on Terrorism War in Iraq
2
September 11
  • 19 Terrorists hijacked 4 commercial planes
  • 850am American Airlines Flight 11 crashes into
    Tower One of the World Trade Center
  • 904am United Airlines Flight 175 crashes in to
    Tower Two of the WTC
  • 937am - American Airlines Flight 77 crashes into
    the Pentagon
  • 1003am - United Flight 93 crashes into a field
    in Pennsylvania
  • Flight Interactive - http//www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2
    001/trade.center/map.html
  • Highjackers Interactive -http//topics.nytimes.com
    /top/reference/timestopics/subjects/s/sept_11_2001
    /attacks/index.html
  • http//www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/trade.center/mult
    imedia.day.html

3
  • Terrorist Attack Timeline - http//www.nctc.gov/si
    te/calendar/index.html

4
September 11, 2001
  • Number of dead 2,992
  • World Trade Center 2,759 (includes 10 hijackers
    and 157 passengers and crew members) Pentagon
    125 (includes 5 hijackers and 59 passengers and
    crew members) Flight 93 44 (includes 4
    hijackers) First responders killed at the World
    Trade CenterNew York Police Department 23
    Fire Department of New York 343 Port Authority
    Police 37 Emergency Medical Service 3

5
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6
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7
  • What was the response of the U.S. government
    following this attack?
  • Presidents Comments -http//www.whitehouse.gov/se
    ptember11/
  • Coalition Map - http//www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/t
    rade.center/coalition.maps/
  • Homeland Security Act 2002 created Department
    of Homeland Security
  • USA Patriot Act - Uniting and Strengthening
    America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required
    to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001

8
Al Qaeda
  • Network of Islamic Extremists
  • Leader Osama Bin Laden
  • Angry at
  • U.S. military occupation of the Middle East
  • U.S. aggression against the Iraqi people
  • U.S. support of Israel
  • "Terrorism against America deserves to be praised
    because it was a response to injustice, aimed at
    forcing America to stop its support for Israel,
    which kills our people.

9
Osama Bin Laden
  • Kicked out of Saudi Arabia
  • Set up Al Qaeda training camps in Sudan
  • Sudan kicked him out because of pressure from US
    and Saudi Arabia
  • Went to Afghanistan
  • Jihad
  • An individual's striving for spiritual
    self-perfection
  • or
  • A Muslim holy war or spiritual struggle against
    infidels
  • Has been twisted and used as a reason for waging
    wars against many Middle Eastern leaders by
    terrorists.

10
Afghanistan
  • landlocked country -gt making the export of goods
    difficult and expensive
  • rugged mountainous terrain
  • temperatures are extreme, as hot as 120 F in
    the summer and as cold as -15 F in the winter.

11
Afghanistan
  • 1979-1989 Soviet attempted invasion
  • 1989-1996 Civil War Islamic fighters turned on
    one another
  • Note During the Cold War, the U.S. spent 3
    billion training and supplying Afghans fighting
    against the Soviet Union. Afterwards, we withdrew
    all support and left the country in ruins and
    chaos.
  • In 1995 - the Taliban came to power, promising
    traditional, Islamic values came into power,
    installing an oppressive set of rules,
  • including revoking many womens rights.

12
Taliban Rule
  • strict interpretation Islamic law
  • executions and punishments
  • television, music, and the Internet banned
  • men required to wear beards
  • girls forbidden to go to school
  • women barred from working outside the home
  • women were prohibited from leaving their home
    without a male relative.

13
The end of the Taliban?
  • By October 7, 2001 - Taliban refused to give up
    Osama bin Laden.
  • U.S. began bombing Taliban military sites
  • By December 9, 2001 - Taliban was said to be
    defeated
  • The Taliban has worked to regain power by
    promising to help Afghanistans poorest people
    and aligning itself with warlords, al-Qaeda, and
    other militant groups to gain financial support
    and recruit new fighters.
  • http//www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/asiapcf/04/03/afghan
    istan.war.timeline/index.html

14
http//icasualties.org/oef/
15
Statistics
  • 1 in 4 children die before age of 5
  • Average life expectancy is 44 25 years less
    than Americans
  • Only 6 of population has access to electricity
  • Only 12 of women can read and write
  • 67 of boys attend school, 14 of girls

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17
Iraq
  • Diverse
  • Ethnic Groups -
  • Arabs 75 percent
  • Kurds 20 percent
  • Religious Groups -
  • Shi'ite Muslims - 62 percent
  • Sunnis Muslims - 35 percent
  • Christians
  • world's second-largest oil reserves

18
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19
Saddam Hussein
  • Came to power in 1979
  • Totalitarian
  • Sunni
  • Repressive to the Kurds and Shiites
  • Used chemical weapons to subdue Kurdish
    population
  • Human rights Iraq had the world's worst record
    for known persons who have disappeared or remain
    unaccounted for, more than 16,000 people.

20
Operation Iraqi Freedom
  • Invasion in March 2003 U.S. led (40 other
    countries provided operational support)
  • Saddam did not cooperate with U.N. inspectors
    searching for weapons of mass destruction
  • Saddam was overthrown on April 9, 2003
  • Iraq army was disbanded leaving many jobless
  • U.S. led provisional government put in place

21
Success in Iraq????
  • Dec, 2003 Saddam captured
  • May, 2004 Bush makes speech declaring war a
    success
  • In the battle of Iraq, the United States and our
    allies have prevailed.
  • Dec, 2004 Iraqi interim government put in place
  • Oct. 2005 Iraqi vote adopt new constitution

22
Insurgency
  • Nationalists
  • Former members of Saddams regime
  • Al Qaeda
  • Mission get rid of U.S. led coalition forces
  • How convince the enemy's decision-makers their
    cause is ultimately too costly in blood, money
    and political capital to pursue
  • Innocents often die in this kind of fighting, but
    that's what the insurgents want.

23
http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/in_depth/bag
hdad_navigator/
  • Map - Violence

24
Casualties
  • http//icasualties.org/oif/
  • http//www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/bushswar/
  • http//www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/middl
    e_east/iraq/honorroll/map_flash.html

25
Iraqi Poll on War
  • For each question, answer the following
  • What information does this question provide
    Americans about Iraqi people?
  • How have the numbers changed over time?

26
  • Review
  • For
  • Quiz

27
  • War on Terrorism
  • September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on United
    States blamed on Al Qaeda
  • Al Qaeda
  • terrorist network led by Osama bin Laden
  • Mission wage holy war on enemies of Arabs and/or
    Muslims
  • hates United States for involvement in Middle
    East, Desert Storm (Iraq), Israel
  • was operating out of Afghanistan at the time of
    9/11

28
  • Afghanistan
  • fought off invasion of the Soviet Union in 1980s
  • Civil War followed amongst group trying to get
    control of the country
  • Taliban takes control (OPPRESSIVE!!!!!!)
  • Taliban allows Osama bin Laden to operate out of
    country
  • Refuses to assist or turn him over after 9/11
  • United States along with other countries remove
    Taliban from power and attempt to eliminate Al
    Qaeda activities there

29
Current Situation in Afghanistan
  • US Casualties

200452 200599 200698 2007110
200112 200248 200348
  • Taliban and Al Qaeda have been removed from
    power, but still present in small pockets in the
    country.
  • They want the US and International Peacekeepers
    to leave Afghanistan.
  • Taliban-Al Qaeda alliance carries out suicide
    bombing and guerrilla-like attacks on our troops.

30
War in Iraq
  • Saddam Hussein was leader of Iraq from
    1979-2003
  • Was not cooperating with UN Nuclear weapons
    inspections
  • US led invasion of Iraq March 2003
  • May 1, 2003 Invasion complete

31
Current Situation in Iraq
  • 138 Americans died during invasion
  • 3,803 have died to date (Nov, 14)
  • Civil War between Shiite and Sunnis wanting to
    get control
  • Insurgent attacks target US led forces and Iraqi
    security forces seen as collaborators.

32
Why not pull out????
  • Send message to future enemies of the United
    States Americans do not have the will to wage a
    successful counterinsurgency.
  • Bush administration's plan is to establish a
    large and competent-enough Iraqi force so that
    even if the insurgency has historical staying
    power, Iraqis can fight successful
    counterinsurgency.

33
Religion of Islam
  • Worlds second largest religion
  • The Quran is the holy guide to Islam.
  • Major aspects of the Islamic religion include
    testimony of faith, prayer, charity, fasting,
    pilgrimage.
  • Covering is a religious duty. Women can only
    have their faces and hands showing in public.
    Men must not expose anything from navel to knee.

34
Questions - Islam
  • List and briefly describe Five Pillars of Islam.
  • What are some of the rules that Muslims follow in
    their daily lives?
  • List and briefly describe the different aspects
    of the roles of women in Islam

35
Five Pillars of Islam
  • Declaration of Faith no other gods
  • Prayer brief prayer 5 times a day
  • Charity give to poor and needy
  • Fasting Ramadan
  • Pilgrimage to Mecca travel to Saudi Arabia once
    in lifetime

36
Daily Life of Muslims
  • Prohibits things harmful to body (drugs,
    alcohol). Also, prohibits lying, stealing,
    cheating, etc.
  • Clergy not above others
  • Encourage sharing of their faith

37
Women and Islam
  • Marriage some arranged marriages, man takes
    financial responsibility
  • Some polygamy - man must treat wives equally
  • Family important, extended family included
  • Public life educated, modesty should not
    affected
  • Modesty covering varies from culture to
    culture
  • Relationship between men and women no sexual
    exchanges outside of marriage

38
  • http//www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/
    questions/women/the_veil
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