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Elizabethan Architecture


Title: Elizabethan Architecture Created Date: 11/19/2008 2:18:52 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Other titles: Arial Ancestory SF Amazone BT Default ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elizabethan Architecture

Elizabethan Architecture
  • Castles, Fortresses, and Peasant Dwellings
  • Elizabethan Life
  • Castles/ Fortresses
  • Noble Estates
  • Peasant Dwellings
  • Roads, Bridges, and Transportation
  • Travel- Transportation
  • Roads and Transportation
  • Railways
  • Bridges
  • Theatre and Taverns/ Innyards
  • Theatre, taverns, and innyards
  • Inn Yards
  • Amphitheatres
  • Taverns
  • James Burbage
  • Cafes and Shops
  • Design
  • Purpose

Castles, Fortresses, and Peasant Dwellings
Elizabethan Life
  • Social Pyramid
  • The Queen was, of course, at the top of the
    social pyramid, and lived in a castle, though
    she moved residences to other mansions and manors
  • Next was the Queens Court, such as her ladies of
    the bed and privy chambers, maids of honor and
    chamberers. There were also gentlemen who were in
    the Court, and all lived within a ten-mile radius
    of the Queen.
  • The Peerage to the Queen (nobles, dukes, etc.)
    lived anywhere in the country, but came to Court
    when they were needed. The gentry (knights) also
    lived away from the castle, and were almost the
    same as the gentry.

Castles/ Fortresses
  • Many Elizabethan buildings were symmetrical.
    Being after the Medieval times, plain walls and
    floors were made into lavish ornate designs.
    There were many windows doors, and rooms.
  • Castles were always made out of stone. Before
    Elizabethan times, Castles were generally for
    protection for the King or Queen, however during
    Elizabethan times, they were for looks and
  • The courtyards of many buildings, including
    Castles, were thought to be a tribute to
    Elizabeth because it was in the shape of an E,
    including the entry hall, the main hall, the
    kitchen and the living area.

Castles/Fortresses (cont.)
  • Other rooms within Castles, and many other houses
    as well, were the bedchamber, the gallery, the
    great hall (See right), the kitchen, the parlor,
    the privy and withdrawing rooms.
  • Gardens were often added as an extension of the
    castle, and were kept as colorful as possible.

Nobles Manors/ Mansions
  • A nobles manor had the same E-shaped design as
    Elizabethan castles. They were often made of
    brick or stone, with three or four stories and
    many, many windows. There were often elaborate
    porches, about two or three stories high, which
    had a lot of arches.
  • These homes also had a great hall, kitchen, and
    several other rooms including in some prodigy
    homes, a room for the Queen to visit in, that was
    only used if the Queen visited.

Peasant Dwellings
  • Commoners were much better off in Elizabethan
    times than before, and could afford better
    houses, though they werent mansions. They were
    often small, wood-frame cottages with only one or
    two stories. They didnt have elaborate doorways
    or many windows, but they did use Strap work,
    where the wood created shapes on the house (see
  • These cottages also had several rooms, though
    they were very small, but they served their

Roads, Bridges, and Transportation
  • Many people chose not to travel a lot during this
    era because it was dangerous and expensive to
  • It was expensive to travel because you need to
    get a license to travel
  • Getting a license reduced the amount of people
    wanting to travel, therefore reducing the chances
    of spreading disease.
  • Since a license cost money, the poor and the
    homeless could not obtain one, thus reducing the
    chances of them moving from one town to another.
  • It was a crime to travel without a license and
    was dealt with accordingly

Roads and Transportation
  • Many roads were unpaved and they were unsuitable
    for carriages. They were only fit for travelling
    on foot.
  • Whatever beauty the roads had was covered by
    filth from human waste.
  • Most roads were only wide enough for pack animals
    and wagons or coaches were not allowed to travel
    on it.
  • However, in southern England roads were in very
    bad shape because mostly wagons and carriages
    traveled on them. Therefore four or more oxen had
    to be used to travel the roads.

  • In 1603, the first railway in the British Isles
    was built by the Smythson family
  • It was made out of wood
  • It was built for colliery wagons
  • It looked like an early version of a train (see
    picture on the left)
  • It was most likely used for coal mining since the
    people operating the coal pits next to the
    railways also built them.
  • Laying down this railway would have helped them
    by moving the coal without too much effort
  • After this railway was constructed many more
    appeared for the sole purpose of coal mining and
    not for travel, since many people did not travel.

Colliery Wagon
  • Almost all the bridges of this time were
  • Mostly made of stone
  • Sometimes, in order to cross a bridge, a fee was

Theatre Tavern/ Innyards
Elizabethan era theater and taverns/inn-yards
  • Provided alcohol for travelers
  • Provided travelers rooms and lodgings to stay
    over night
  • Traveling minstrels (medieval entertainers/
    poets) came there to sing and entertain.
  • James Burbage started to create plays at these
    inn yards which attracted many people and made
    them a nice profit.
  • The activities at the inn yards were restricted
    so James Burbage created the theater a building
    that was built specifically for plays.
  • From inn-yards came the amphitheater.

The standard Inn Yard
  • This is a photograph of the White Hart inn one of
    the main in yards of the Elizabethan era.
  • Elizabethan era inn yards started in 1576 and
    ended in 1594.

Elizabethan amphitheater
  • First came the inn-yards The Bull Inn, The Bell
    Savage Inn, The Cross Keys Inn, The Bell Inn, The
    White Hart Inn, The George Inn.
  • Then James Burbage started theater by creating
    the amphitheater.
  • Audience capacity 1500-3000 people.
  • Theater size up to 100 feet in diameter.
  • Had no toilets.
  • Building duration 6 months.

Elizabethan taverns
  • Sold only wine.
  • Picture of George
  • Inn gtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgtgt
  • Only inn that is
  • still standing in
  • London.

James Burbage
  • James Burbage started the Theater.
  • Was an entrepreneur.
  • First man to build an amphitheater.
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