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The 6 Kingdoms

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The 6 Kingdoms Classification Domain (recent addition)-Kingdom- Phylum -Class- Order- Family- Genus- Species 3 Domains Archaea Bacteria Eukarya 6 Kingdoms within the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The 6 Kingdoms


1
The 6 Kingdoms
2
Classification
  • Domain (recent addition)-Kingdom- Phylum -Class-
    Order- Family- Genus- Species
  • 3 Domains
  • Archaea
  • Bacteria
  • Eukarya
  • 6 Kingdoms within the 3 Domains
  • there are more, but we are going to focus on just
    the major 6 groupings

3
The two Kingdom System
  • Kingdom Animalia
  • All organisms that can move and use food for
    energy
  • All animals
  • Kingdom Plantae
  • Things that could make their own food
  • Plants
  • Fungi (really cannot make own food)
  • We did not know about microorganisms to even
    classify them!

4
The 5 Kingdom System
  • Very recent classification
  • Monera- all prokaryotic cells
  • Protista- Eukaryotic unicellular organisms,
    included algae
  • Fungi- eukaryotic, multicellular organisms that
    are heterotrophic, have cell wall of chitin
  • Plantae- eukaryotic, multicellular, autotrophic
    organisms, have cell wall of cellulose
  • Animalia- eukaryotic, multicellular,
    heterotrophic organisms with no cell wall

5
Relationship of the Domains
  • Although Archaea used to be classified as a
    bacteria, studies of physiology and morphology of
    cell reveals that they are as different from
    bacteria as we are? they need a separate domain.

6
Most recent Classification
7
Naming the 6 Kingdoms
  1. Archaebacteria
  2. Eubacteria
  3. Protista
  4. Fungi
  5. Plantae
  6. Animalia

8
Archaebacteria Prokaryote
  • Cell walls without peptidoglycan (This makes them
    different from Eubacteria!)
  • Unicellular
  • Autotroph or Heterotroph
  • Flagella for movement
  • reproduce asexually (binary fission)
  • Found in harsh environments (undersea volcanic
    vents, acidic hot springs, salty water)
  • Subdivided into 3 groups based on their habitat
    --- methanogens (produce methane),
    thermoacidophiles (Like hot and acidic
    environments), extreme halophiles (love salt!)

9
Halophiles (like salt)
Thermophiles (like heat)
10
EubacteriaProkaryote
  • Cell walls made of peptidoglycan
  • All are unicellular
  • Most are heterotrophic (cant make their own
    food) some are autotrophs
  • Move with flagella
  • reproduce asexually (binary fission)
  • Come in 3 basic shapes --- cocci (spheres),
    bacilli (rod shaped), spirilla (corkscrew shape)
  • Can be aerobic (require oxygen) or anaerobic
    (dont need oxygen) and are unicellular
  • Can be identified by Gram staining (gram positive
    or gram negative)
  •  

11
Eubacteria
  • Staphylococcus aureus 
  • Bacillus anthracis
  • E. coli

12
ProtistaEukaryote
  • Cell walls with cellulose
  • Most are unicellular
  • Some are autotrophs and have chloroplast and
    perform photosynthesis
  • Some are heterotrophs that ingest small food
    particles digest it inside food vacuoles
    containing digestive enzymes
  • cilia, flagella pseudopodia
  • Can reproduce asexually or sexually
  • Can be found in pond or stagnant water

13
Amoeba
Rotifer
Euglena
Algae
14
Fungi Eukaryote
  • Cell walls are made of chitin (a complex
    polysaccharide)
  • Most are multi-cellular, but some are unicellular
    like yeast
  • Most are saprobes live on other dead organisms
  • Non-motile no movement
  • Can reproduce sexually or asexually
  • Do not contain chlorophyll (They are NOT
    plants!!)
  • Store food energy as glycogen
  • Important decomposers recyclers of nutrients in
    the environment
  • Lack true roots, stems, leaves

15
Mushrooms
Mold
Ringworm
Yeast
16
Plantae Eukaryote
  • Cell wall made of cellulose
  • All plants are multi-cellular
  • Autotrophs They trap energy from the sun by
    photosynthesis store it in organic compounds
  • No movement
  • Reproduce sexually or asexually
  • Contain chlorophyll inside of chloroplasts

17
(No Transcript)
18
Animalia Eukaryote
  • Cells lack cell walls
  • All multi-cellular (metazoans)
  • Heterotrophs (take in food internally digest
    it)
  • Can Move
  • Reproduce sexually
  • Show levels of organization including cell,
    tissue, organ, system
  • Cells are specialized for particular functions
  • Cells contain a nucleus and membrane bound
    organelles

19
(No Transcript)
20
Ticket KingdomsTake out a sheet of paper and
tear it in half. Share with a neighbor. You may
use the notes you just took.Are you ready?
21
1. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am single celledMy Cell wall is made of
cellulose
Protista
22
2. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am multi-cellularI dont have a cell wall
Animalia
23
3. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am single celled
Protista
24
4. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am single celledMy Cell wall is made of
peptidoglycan
Eubacteia
25
5. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am multi-cellularI cant move
Planate
26
6. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am single celledI am a halophile
Archaebacteria
27
7. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am single celledI move by cilia
Protista
28
8. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am multi-cellular
Animalia
29
9. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I am a thermoacidophile
Archaebacteria
30
10. Which Kingdom do I belong to?
I move by pseduopod
Protista
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