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Animal Kingdom

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Animal Kingdom Two Phyla Vertebrate (Backbone) Types of Vertebrates (Has Backbone) Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, Mammals Example of invertebrates arthropods have ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Animal Kingdom


1
Animal Kingdom
2
Two Phyla
Kingdom Animalia
  • Vertebrate
  • (Backbone)
  • Invertebrates
  • (No Backbone)

3
Types of Vertebrates (Has Backbone)
  • Fish, Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, Mammals

4
Example of invertebrates arthropods have the
following characteristics
  • A hard outer body covering called an exoskeleton.
    (No Backbone)
  • Specialized mouth parts
  • Jointed legs
  • Compound Eyes
  • Segmented body

5
Heterotroph
  • Root word- TrophTroph - to feed
  • Root word-Hetero Hetero other, different
  • What does it mean?
  • FEEDS OFF OF OTHERS

6
Kary - nucleus
So what do you think eukaryotic cell would be?
eu- true
kary- nucleus
Eukaryotic cell- cell with a nucleus
7
multicellular
Organism made of many cells
8
Types of Reproduction in the Animal Kingdom
  • Sexual Reproduction and
  • Asexual Reproduction including Budding,
    Fragmentation, Regeneration

9
Sexual Reproduction
  • The egg cell from the female parent and the sperm
    cell from the male parent unite and fertilization
    occurs. Offspring is diverse (genetically
    different) than parents.

10
Asexual Reproduction
  • In asexual reproduction, no sex cells are
    involved, and only one individual produces the
    offspring. Many invertebrates or soft bodied
    animals reproduce by asexual reproduction. In
    asexual reproduction the offspring is uniform
    (genetically identical) or the same.

11
Budding
  • In budding, an offspring grows out of the body of
    a parent. An example of an animal that reproduces
    this way if hydra. This animal lives in water.
    Using a magnifying glass, you can look for hydra
    in a pond. You may find it clinging to a plant
    such as hydrilla. You can put the plant in a jar
    of water, and observe how hydra reproduce.

12
Fragmentation
  • Fragmentation
  • In this form of asexual reproduction, the body of
    the parent breaks into distinct pieces or
    fragments. Each piece can develop into an
    offspring. An example of an animal that can
    reproduce this way is planaria. However,
    planarians often undergo sexual reproduction.
    Planaria is one king of flatworm.

13
Regeneration
  • In regeneration, a piece of the parent animal
    gets detached. This piece can grow and develop
    into a whole new individual. It regenerates (or
    generates again) all the missing parts of the
    body. One group of invertebrates, called
    echinoderms, reproduces this way. An example is
    the sea star or star fish.

14
Characteristics Chart
Kingdom Animalia
Cell Type Eukaryotes
Cell Structures Have a nucleus, mitochondria, but no chloroplasts, have no cell wall
Body Form Multicellular
Nutrition Heterotrophic
Reproduction Asexual and Sexual
Examples Sponges, worms, snails, insects, fish, mammals, birds,
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