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Hinduism

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Title: Hinduism & Buddhism Author: Cobb County School District Last modified by: Tamara Shlagor Rankenburg Created Date: 3/10/2008 6:36:45 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Hinduism


1
Hinduism Buddhism
2
Religions of South Asia
3
Religion in the Subcontinent
4
Hinduism Factoids
  • Oldest major religion
  • Third largest religion in the world
  • Sprang from Indus Valley
  • Aryans mixed with native people
  • Major religion of India 83

5
Hinduism Beliefs
  • Believe in 3 gods
  • -Brahma the creator
  • Vishnu the preserver
  • Shiva the destroyer
  • Three aspects/powers of
  • the same being

6
Hinduism Beliefs
  • Two major divisions

Vaishnavaism (Vishnu)
Shivaism (Shiva)
7
Hinduism Beliefs Vedas
  • Sacred texts/scripture 4 of them
  • (Prayers to Vishnu Shiva)
  • Hymns, incantations, and rituals from
  • ancient India

8
Hinduism BeliefsKarma
  • Sum of ones good bad deeds
  • You reap what you sow or
  • What goes around comes around

9
Hinduism BeliefsReincarnation
  • Samsara
  • Transmigration of the soul through different
    bodies cycle of birth, life, death, rebirth
  • Karma determines next life
  • Goal Achieve enlightenment

.So be good for goodness sake!
10
Hinduism BeliefsFour Aims
  • Dharma Righteousness or performance of
  • religious duties Muy importante!
  • Kama Fulfillment of desires
  • Artha Economic success
  • Moksha Freedom from Samsara Ultimate goal!

11
Caste System
  • Division of social ranks tasks
  • developed by Aryans
  • Each group has different set
  • of rules dealing with careers,
  • marriage, diet, etc.

12
Caste System cont.
  • Brahmins Priests
  • Kshatriyas Warriors
  • Vaisya Merchants
  • Sudra Unskilled
  • workers, peasants

13
Caste System cont.
  • Dalits --- Untouchables
  • Dirty jobs cleaning, etc.

14
Holy Cow!
  • Hindus have always had great respect for Mother
    Nature and its creatures
  • Cow is especially significant because it
    symbolizes gentleness nourishment godliness

15
Buddhism Factoids
  • Fourth largest religion in world
  • Founded by Siddhartha Gautama
  • To become Buddha Pass through 4 stages to reach
    Enlightenment
  • Opposed caste
  • system
  • Spread along trade
  • routes

16
Siddhartha Gautama
  • Born in NE India (Nepal).
  • Raised in great luxuryto be a king.
  • At 29 he rejectedhis luxurious life toseek
    enlightenmentand the source ofsuffering.
  • Lived a strict,ascetic life for 6 yrs.
  • Rejecting this extreme, sat in meditation, and
    found nirvana.
  • Became The Enlightened One, at 35.

17
What is the fundamental cause of all suffering?
Desire!
  • Therefore, extinguish the self, dont obsess
    about oneself.

18
Buddhism for DummiesBasic Beliefs
  • Four Noble Truths
  • 1. Life means suffering.
  • 2. The origin of suffering is
  • attachment.
  • 3. The cessation of suffering is
  • attainable.
  • 4. The path to end suffering exists.
  • (Self-improvement)
  • -Eightfold Path

19
Buddhism for DummiesEightfold Path
Right View Wisdom
Right Intention Wisdom
Right Speech Ethical Conduct
Right Action Ethical Conduct
Right Livelihood Ethical Conduct
Right Effort Mental Development
Right Mindfulness Mental Development
Right Concentration Mental Development
20
Eightfold Path
Nirvana
  • The union with the ultimate spiritual
    reality.
  • Escape from the cycle of rebirth.
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