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Title: Cradle of Civilizations (River Civilizations)


1
Cradle of Civilizations(River Civilizations)
  • Submitted by
  • C. Stephen Ingraham
  • 2012

17
2
This is how Mullen students roll.
  • We are always on time to class
  • We come prepared to learn.
  • We always allow other students to learn.
  • We respect the personal space of others.

3
Essential Questions
  • Where and how did ancient civilizations begin?
  • In what ways are ancient civilizations similar?
    In what ways are they different?
  • What impact did cultural beliefs have on the
    formation of religions?
  • How did religion and philosophical thinking
    affect the development of civilization?
  • For what reasons do religious and philosophical
    differences cause conflict among cultures?
  • How did the agricultural revolution change
    civilizations?
  • What economic systems existed in ancient
    civilization?
  • What governmental structures emerged in ancient
    civilizations?
  • What evidence of culture clashes exist today?
  • What constitutes a civilization?

4
Social Studies Block ___ Name
_______________________Mrs. Ross Mr. Ingraham
Date ____________
  • RIVER CIVILIZATIONS
    Table of Contents
  • Fertile Crescent Song
  • Chart
  • Mesopotamia
  • Divisions in Society
  • War Peace in the Fertile Crescent
  • Religious Philosophical Thinking of Mesopotamia
  • Egypt Song
  • The Nile Source of Innovation
  • Unity Leadership
  • Religious Philosophical Thinking of Egypt
  • China Song
  • Ancient China -Xia Shang Dynasties
  • Religious Philosophical Thinking of China
  • India Song
  • Civilization of the Indus Valley
  • The Caste System Indias Society
  • Religious Philosophical Thinking of India

5
The Stone Age Song
  • Lets get together and unite in clans
  • related groups of families.
  • Spending all day hunting the land
  • for fruits, nuts, and any animal we see.
  • We will migrate with the herds.
  • Shh! Be Quiet! Pass the word
  • Together (We might even see a mammoth)
  • Lets spread through the world, Yeah, Yeah, Yeah.
  • Traveling so we can eat is fun.
  • Out of Africa where it is hot
  • The equator gets the direct rays of the sun.
  • Some wander Europe which is fine,
  • Others across Asia at the same time,
  • but not together (tween glaciers slipping to
    America)
  • Forming cultures which uniquely set us apart
  • Language, customs, beliefs, and art.
  • Merging of twenty people clans

CSI07
6
The Fertile Crescent Song
  • Let me tell you of a civilization Sung
    to the tune of The Brady Bunch
  • Sumer, Sumer was its name
  • It was between the Tigris and Euphrates,
  • but it was not alone.
  • There came along a mighty king,
  • Sargon, the Akkadian was the name.
  • He united all who feared him.
  • You join or youre insane.
  • Still later came King Hammurabi
  • With his mighty long code of laws.
  • Even later came the Assyrian Army
  • Led by Sennacherib the destroyer,
  • Who crushed and killed
  • And stole until the Persians came along and
    conquered him.

1
CSI07
7
Early Egypt Song Sung to Mary has a
little Lamb The Nile River gives Egypt
life Water for the crops And fertile silt King
Narmer unites us all Upper and lower Egypt Our
pharaoh is the son of Ra Pharaoh Zoser asked
Imhotep To build a pyramid For his tomb and
decorate it with Hieroglyphics and
gold. Amenemhet becomes the pharaoh He conquers
Nubia and Kush is tamed. Merchants and
craftworkers Form the middle class. Pharaoh
Thutmose crushed the Hyksos. Egypt extends to
the Fertile Crescent But Amenhotep and
Nefertiti Want all to worship the one god,
Aton, But the boy King Tut changes that (and
thats a chapter three fact.) By
Mr. Ingraham
8
China Song (Chapter 5)
Sung to The Adams Family
The Zhou claimed the mandate the peasant-farmers
cant wait to use their iron weapons to seal the
Shang dynastys fate. Roads, Dams,
Canals! Confucius says a guide for society is
just like anyones family. No matter what you
happen to be everyone has responsibility Courtesy
, Kindness, Charity! The Legalism of the Qin
Shi Huangdi says everyone should fear me. My
great wall shows my authority built upon the
peasants misery. Tears, Cruelty,
Punishment!
CSI07
9
China Song (Continued)


Sung to The Adams Family
The Han Gao Zu said he knew to be respected
keep the people true. No harsh law or treatment
cruel and all the people will follow
you. Trade, Exports, Profits! The Daoism is
taught by Emperor Wu Di to accept whatever life
gives to thee. Now cause and effect is
history and trade brings new technology. Wheelbar
row, seismograph, Paper! Ancient China always
tried to strive to keep the peasants working and
alive and every way each dynasty tried is all
contained in chapter five!!!!
CSI07
10
Indias Chapter 6 Song
The Aryans migrate South Through the mountain
pass of Hindu Kush. Into the Indus Valley Using
their horses to fight for land. Believing in
Hinduisms reincarnation means rebirth. The next
lifes social position show your worth, But now
your caste is unchanging. So dont associate with
the low one. Being an Untouchable is no
fun!!!! Unless youre a believer in Buddha and
seek love, truth, and knowledge. Whats it to
ya? Unselfish behavior all the time. (Bomb Ba
Bomba Chorus) Now I know these chapter 6 facts,
Ill be fine. By Mr. Ingraham
Sung to Meet the Flintstones
11
Indias Chapter 6 (Song verse
2)
The Rajahs rule the Indian city-states Until a
young Chandragupta Maurya, Like the Qin Shi
Huangdi the young Chandraguptas known for
cruelty. Father and son rule with a firm
hand, but grandson Asoka discovers wars dont
make the man. Non-violence and no caste
system Becomes his new plan. The Gupta unites
India once again. Indias golden age soon
begins. Arabic numerals make math now base 10. Do
you believe in Buddha? Seeking love, truth, and
knowledge. Whats it to ya? Unselfish behavior
all the time. (Bomb Ba Bomba Chorus) Now I
know these chapter 6 facts, Ill be fine. By
Mr. Ingraham
12
Cradle of Civilization Vocabulary
  • Artifact- A humanmade object representing a
    specific culture or group especially from long
    ago.
  • Archeology- The study of material remains, such
    as graves, tools, and pottery from past human
    life and culture.
  • Civilization a culture with well developed
    forms of government, religion, writing, and
    learning.
  • City-state- a city or village and the farm lands
    around it with its own leaders and government.
  • Conquer to take over the land of others.
  • Culture- A unique way of life that sets a group
    of people apart from others.
  • Dynasty- a set of rulers from the same family.
  • Empire- a land of many conquered people and
    places governed by one ruler.
  • Government- an organized system that groups use
    to make laws and decisions.
  • Irrigation- To supply (dry land) with water by
    means of ditches, pipes, or streams.
  • Migration- Movement of groups of people from one
    place to another.
  • Philosopher- A person who studies the meaning of
    life.
  • Polytheistic- adj. Meaning believing in many gods
  • Reincarnation- The belief that the soul lives on
    after death and returns to life in a new body.
  • Social class- groups within a civilization with
    different levels of importance.

13
Mother of man - 3.2 million years ago
Lucy was discovered in 1974 by anthropologist
Professor Donald Johanson and his student Tom
Gray in a maze of ravines at Hadar in northern
Ethiopia. Johanson and Gray were out searching
the scorched terrain for animal bones in the
sand, ash and silt when they spotted a tiny
fragment of arm bone.
Discovery of a lifetime Johanson immediately
recognised it as belonging to a hominid. As they
looked up the slope, they saw more bone
fragments ribs, vertebrae, thighbones and a
partial jawbone.They eventually unearthed 47
bones of a skeleton - nearly 40 of a hominid, or
humanlike creature, that lived around 3.2
million years ago. Based on its small size, and
pelvic shape, they concluded it was female and
named it 'Lucy' after 'Lucy in the Sky with
Diamonds', the Beatles song playing on the radio
when Johanson and his team were celebrating the
discovery back at camp.
14
C. Spreading Through the World
Africa
Earliest Humans in the Rift Valley
200,000 years ago
15
Human Migration Begins
100,000 years ago
16
Middle East
60,000 years ago
17
Asia
Europe
50,000 years ago
18
Australia
40,000 years ago
19
25,000 years ago
North America
1. The last Ice Age or long cold-weather period,
lowers the Sea Level and humans cross the land
bridge called Beringia to North America.
20
North America
2. Glaciers, or large moving ice sheets wore
down the land into huge areas of tundra, or large
treeless plains in the Artic regions.
25,000 years ago
21
South America
12,000 years ago
22
Tigris-Euphrates Valley
Huang He Valley
Middle America
Nile Valley
Indus Valley
Andean
Humans have now populated the entire Planet
Earth.
23
  • Hunters Gatherers
  • A. Earliest Humans
  • 1. Lived in Africa
  • 2. Moved in hunting groups gathered food to
    survive
  • 3. Migration, or movement from one place to the
    next meant the Clan would
  • find enough to eat.
  • B. Getting Food
  • 1. Experience taught them the consequences, or
    effects of eating certain
  • animals or plants.
  • 2. Clans united groups of related families.
  • 3. Cooperated for basic needs of 20 people
  • a. food b. clothing c.
    shelter
  • D. Early Cultures And Societies
  • 1. People in different areas develop their own
    culture, or unique way of life.
  • a. different clothing, shelters, art, beliefs,
    customs, language.
  • 2. These unique differences help early peoples
    become
  • a society, or an organized group living and
    working under
  • an established set or rules and
    traditions.
  • 3. Clans merge and grow in size (50-100 members)
    and then

THE BEGINNING OF HUMANKIND
24
EARLY FARMERS
A. Controlling Nature 1. Larger (clans)
societies could not depend on hunting gathering
for their basic needs. 2. About 10,000
years ago they began to shift from collecting
food to producing food. 3. Domesticate or
control nature for peoples use a. Women
(gathers) noticed seeds thrown away grew into
plants the following year. b. they
learned to scatter (plant) seeds. c. eventually
stone age people became less dependent on wild
plants and began to depend on the crops
they grew or animals they raise. B. Effects of
Change 1. Agriculture the raising of
domesticated plants and animals. Benefits a.
Clan Reliable food source. b. increased
production of food.. c. more complex
societies / division of labor. Problems d. More
food needed for the animal. e. drought
insects killed crops livestock. f. wars
farmland needed protecting. 2. Effects on
Environment surroundings a. clearing pastures
drove away the once hunted wild animals b.
many wild plants disappeared.
25
2
26
Asia
Black Sea
Caspian Sea
Taurus Mountains
Nineveh
Zagros Mountains
Tigris River
Mediterranean Sea
Assur
Mesopotamia
Babylon
Euphrates River
Ur
Persian Gulf
Jerusalem
Syrian Desert
Africa
CSI07
27
Mesopotamia
3
  • The Fertile Crescent- the land between the Tigris
    and Euphrates Rivers.
  • 1) Villages became cities and societies
    became more complex
  • 2) Cultures form Civilizations- society with
    developed under one
  • Government, Religious belief, writing system,
    and Learning
  • A/F. New Inventions Innovations
  • canals, dikes, wheel, cart, domestication of
    animals, igu (acre), cargo ships with sails,
    quart, cuneiform
  • E. Changing Economy
  • 1) About 3000 B.C. Sumerian city-state of Ur
    had 30,000 people.
  • 2) Successful agriculture surplus, or extra
    supply (of food). Therefore
  • a) not everyone had to grow or find food.
  • b) This allowed a division of labor. Besides
    farmers, there were managers, craftworkers,
    and merchants.
  • 3) Merchants or people who bought and sold goods
    for a living. They
  • traded surplus wheat, barley, and copper
    tools for wood, salt,
  • precious stones, raw copper.

28
  • F. Divisions in Society
  • 1) Social Classes groups with different levels
    of importance
  • King
  • Nobles Priests Leaders
  • Middle Class
  • Merchants, Craftworkers, Managers, carpenters,
    potters, bricklayers, scribes
  • 2) Scribe, or a person who could write, kept
    records, wrote letters for others,

  • copied songs, stories.
  • Lowest Class
  • Laborers, Unskilled workers, and
    Slaves
  • 3) Men owned most of the property held
    positions of leadership.
  • A. Causes and Effects of Conflict.
  • 1) Because the city-states grew in size and
    population, agricultural societies
  • wage war to protect farmland water
    rights.
  • 2) Because the Tigris Euphrates river valley
    is flat with no natural
  • boundaries, city-states put up pillars.
  • 3) Because powerful city-states destroy or move
    the pillars, more wars are
  • fought.
  • 4) Because more wars are being fought, new
    technology or better weapons are

4
29
  • B. Sargon the Conqueror
  • 1) The Warrior Sargon from the city-state of
    Kish is the first to conquer, or take
  • over, the land of others.
  • 2) He established a vast empire, or a
    conquered land of many peoples and
  • places governed by one ruler, or
    emperor.
  • 3) Sargon
  • a) built a capital city called Akkad and ruled
    for 55 years.
  • b) maintained a standing army.
  • c) appointed loyal nobles as governors to
    maintain control of all 12 city-states
  • C. Hammurabi the Lawgiver
  • 1) Hammurabi becomes king of the city-state of
    Babylon.
  • 2) He promoted trade by building dikes and
    canals and established taxation, or
  • people supporting government by payment
    in crops or other goods.
  • 3) Hammurabis most important contribution was a
    collection of laws, given to
  • him by the sun god Shamash called the
    Code of Hammurabi (282 laws)
  • a) The code said that whoever caused an
    injury should be punished
  • by being given that same injury.
  • b) Equal Justice, or fair treatment was limited
    to equality within each social class.


War Peace in the Fertile Crescent
5
30
Religious Philosophical Thinking of Mesopotamia
  • Code of Hammurabi 282 laws providing equal
    justice.
  • Teaches An eye for an eye and a tooth for a
    tooth.
  • Ten Commandments a set of laws given to Moses
    for
  • responsible behavior for Judaism.
  • Teaches To obey one god and how to live justly
    and keep families strong.
  • Polytheism of the Ancient Mesopotamians Many
    gods of nature
  • Teaches If bad things happen the gods are angry
    if good thing happen they arent.
  • Judaism The religion of the Jewish people based
    on the belief of the one god, Yahweh.
  • Teaches Gods good qualities must be imitated by
    his people.
  • Islam The religion of the Muslims based on the
    belief of the one god, Allah.
  • Teaches Muslim must submit to gods will and
    follow the Quran and Muhammads example.
  • Christianity a religion based to the life and
    teaching of
  • Jesus Christ, a Jewish Rabi.
  • Teaches To love your neighbor as yourself.

6
CSI07
31
Early Egypt Song Sung to Mary has a
little Lamb The Nile River gives Egypt
life Water for the crops And fertile silt King
Narmer unites us all Upper and lower Egypt Our
pharaoh is the son of Ra Pharaoh Zoser asked
Imhotep To build a pyramid For his tomb and
decorate it with Hieroglyphics and
gold. Amenemhet becomes the pharaoh He conquers
Nubia and Kush is tamed. Merchants and
craftworkers Form the middle class. Pharaoh
Thutmose crushed the Hyksos. Egypt extends to
the Fertile Crescent But Amenhotep and
Nefertiti Want all to worship the one god,
Aton, But the boy King Tut changes that (and
thats a chapter three fact.) By
Mr. Ingraham
7
32
(No Transcript)
33
Egyptian Vocabulary
  • desertification Any change of fertile land into
    desert, whether caused by climate or human
    actions..
  • silt- fine bits of rock and soil.
  • Irrigate to supply land with water by
    artificial means.
  • predict- to tell ahead of time.
  • dynasty- a series of rulers from the same family.
  • pharaoh -an Egyptian King.
  • edicts the commands or directions of one. in
    authority.
  • Hieroglyphics an Egyptian picture writing system
  • papyrus- a paper like material.
  • pyramid- a tomb for a dead Egyptian ruler or
    noble.
  • mummy a dead body which has been preserved.
  • peasants people who farmed the land.
  • obelisk- an ancient monument consisting of a
    single pillar of stone.
  • annex- to take over.
  • independence complete freedom.
  • Trading network- a group of buyers and sellers
    working together.

34
III. The Nile Source of Innovation
8
  • 1. 365 day calendar divided the year into three
    parts
  • a) Inundation spring flooding of the
    Nile River
  • deposits silt or fine bits of rock soil
  • b) Emergence plow plant (the plants
    appear)
  • c) Drought water harvest the crops
  • 2. Irrigation through dams, dikes, retention
    ponds.
  • 3. Mummification
  • 4. Pyramids tombs
  • 5. Hieroglyphics writing of 700 different
    symbol pictures.
  • 6. Papyrus paper made from reeds

Pharaoh
Priests Nobles
MIDDLE CLASS Merchants, Scribes,
Craftworkers
Unskilled Laborers Peasant Farmers Slaves
CSI10
35
IV. Unity Leadership
The Egyptian Kingdoms
Mediterranean Sea
Asia
  • Unity for the Egyptians
  • 1. The Nile Delta is Lower Egypt
  • 2. The Nile River valley south of the Delta is
    Upper Egypt
  • 3. King Namer united the two kingdoms about 3100
    BCE founded the
  • capital city of Memphis between them.
  • B. The Old Kingdom
  • 1. Pharaoh Zoser has Imhotep build the first
    stepped pyramid tomb.
  • 2. Pharaoh Khufu has the great pyramid on the
    plain of Giza by farmers
  • during times of Inundation.
  • C. The Middle Kingdom
  • 1. Pharaoh Amenemhet conquers Nubia the
    Fertile Crescent.
  • 2. The Middle Class develops made of
    craftworkers, merchants, scribes,
  • government workers.
  • D. The New Kingdom
  • 1. Pharaoh Thutmose conquers the Hyksos
  • 2. Queen Hatshepsut becomes pharaoh
  • 3. Pharaoh Amenhotep IV changes his name to
    Akhenaton and worships
  • the god Aton.
  • 4. Pharaoh Tutankhamen (King Tut) returns Egypt
    to polytheism.

9
Red Sea
Nile River
Africa
Nubia
CSII0
36
Religious Philosophical Thinking of Egypt
  • 1. Religion Polytheism Like many ancient
    peoples the Egyptians used stories about their
    gods to explain nature. For example
  • a) Amon-Ra was the sun god who was born each
    day and died each night.
  • b) Osiris taught the Egyptians farming.
  • c) Horus, the son of Osiris, ruled the sky.
  • d) Isis, was the wife of Horus.
  • 2. The Egyptians also believed their pharaoh, or
    king, was a god in human form.
  • 3. Change during the New Kingdom 1686- 1085
  • Pharaoh Amenhotep Queen Nefertiti worship one
    god, Aton monotheism
  • King Tutankhamen (Tut) returns to polytheism.

10
37
(No Transcript)
38
China Song (Chapter 5)
Sung to The Adams Family
The Zhou claimed the mandate the peasant-farmers
cant wait to use their iron weapons to seal the
Shang dynastys fate. Roads, Dams,
Canals! Confucius says a guide for society is
just like anyones family. No matter what you
happen to be everyone has responsibility Courtesy
, Kindness, Charity! The Legalism of the Qin
Shi Huangdi says everyone should fear me. My
great wall shows my authority built upon the
peasants misery. Tears, Cruelty,
Punishment!
11a
CSI07
39
China Song (Continued)


Sung to The Adams Family
The Han Gao Zu said he knew to be respected
keep the people true. No harsh law or treatment
cruel and all the people will follow
you. Trade, Exports, Profits! The Daoism is
taught by Emperor Wu Di to accept whatever life
gives to thee. Now cause and effect is
history and trade brings new technology. Wheelbar
row, seismograph, Paper! Ancient China always
tried to strive to keep the peasants working and
alive and every way each dynasty tried is all
contained in chapter five!!!!
11b
CSI07
40
Vocabulary of China
  • legends stories handed down from earlier times.
  • mandate- or order to rule.
  • Mandate of Heaven- the right of a Chinese leader
    to rule given to him by the gods.
  • ancestors- dead relatives further back than
    grandparents.
  • oracles a person who gives wise advise.
  • pictographs drawings that were combined to make
    thousands of Chinese words.
  • heritage a set of ideas that has been passed
    down from one generation to another.
  • militia- a group made of volunteer soldiers.
  • virtues- good qualities.
  • Public works structures built by the government
    for everyones use.
  • philosopher a person who studies the meaning of
    life.
  • responsibilities- a persons duties.
  • Confucianism- the ideas and teaching of the
    philosopher Confucius.

41
Vocabulary of China 2
  • Legalism the idea that people obey their rulers
    out of fear and not out of respect.
  • standardization- the making of all things of a
    certain type alike.
  • bureaucracy a network of appointed government
    officials.
  • Civil war- when groups of people from the same
    place or country fight one another.
  • ambassadors a person who represents a
    government.
  • Civil Service the part of a bureaucracy that
    oversees the day- to-day business of running a
    government.
  • Daoism the idea that the key to long life and
    happiness is to accept life as it is..
  • import- to bring in goods for sale.
  • export- to send out goods to be sold in other
    places.
  • caravan a group of traders traveling with goods
    to be sold.
  • profits money gained over the price of goods
    sold.
  • Silk Road- the trade route that stretched 5,000
    miles from China to the Mediterranean Sea.

42
Five Minute Assessment 1 China Chapter 4
  • 1) The earliest Chinese ruler of legend is
    _________.
  • a) Qin Shi Huangdi b) Wu Di c) Yu d) Han Gao
    Zu.
  • 2) To get wise advice a person must go to a(n)
    _________.
  • a) emperor b) wizard c) pharaoh d) oracle.
  • 3) The Chinese poor could not get government jobs
    because
  • a)There werent enough to go around
  • b) They couldnt read or write
  • c)They didnt have the mandate of heaven
  • d) They were needed to farm the land
  • 4) The earliest Chinese writing was called
    _______________.
  • a) Cuneiform b) Pictographs c) hieroglyphics
    d) Xia Writing.
  • 5) The Chinese writing system had how many
    characters?
  • a) 500 b) 700 c) 1,000 d) 5,000

43
  1. A Ancient China Xia Shang Dynasties
  • About 2000 BCE. Hundreds of settlements in Huang
    He River Valley
  • Shang seized mandate of heaven or the authority
    to rule in 1766 BCE.
  • Shang conquered 1,800 city-states with war
    chariots bronze weapons.
  • Oracle bones were used to gain wise advise from
    the ancestors the gods.
  • Writing called pictographs used 5,000 symbols or
    drawings to make
  • thousands of words.
  • 6. Only wealthy, educated Chinese could write
    hold government jobs.

B. Society of Ancient China Zhou Dynasty
12
Gives land To the Nobles
King
Nobles
Perform Military Service for the King
Promise to protect the peasants
Peasants
Farm the land and serve the nobles
CSI10
44
Five Minute Assessment 2 China Chapter 5a
  • 1) The Chinese dynasty which replaced Shang
    dynasty was _________.
  • a) the Qin b) the Zhou c) the Xia d) the Han
  • 2) To get wise advice a person must go to a(n)
    _________.
  • a) oracles b) Yu the Great c) philosophers d)
    Confucius.
  • 3) When the nobles refused to aid King Yoo after
    the capital Hao was attacked it began
  • a) The Gold Age of China b) The Warring States
    period
  • c)The mandate of heaven d) The Chinese Peace
  • 4) The philosopher Kung Fu Zi or Master Kung
    believed that a ruler needed to set an example a)
    using cruel punishment b) as a powerful god
  • c) like a parent does for children d) like a
    person who studies life.
  • 5) Charity, kindness, hard work, good faith, and
    courtesy are considered?
  • a) god-like characteristic b) a guide for
    family life c) responsibilities
  • d) virtues

45
Five Minute Assessment 3 China Chapter 5b
  • The Chinese dynasty which first united China and
    ended the
  • Warring States period was _________.
  • a) the Qin b) the Zhou c) the Xia d) the Han
  • 2) The first Emperor of China was _________.
  • a) Gao Zu b) Yu the Great c) Shi Huangdi d)
    Confucius.
  • 3) The philosophy of government used to first
    unite China was
  • a) Legalism b) Confucianism
  • c)Daoism d) democracy
  • 4) Legalism the idea that people obey only out of
    fear of punishment was thought to be
  • a) like a father rules his family
  • b) the only way to bring peace wealth to China
  • c) approved by a Mandate of Heaven
  • d) taught by the philosopher Confucious as
    proper government.
  • 5) The all are public works of the Qin Dynasty
    except ?
  • a) Standardization b) 1,500 miles of the Great
    Wall c) 4,000 miles of roads

46
Five Minute Assessment 4 China Chapter 5c
  • 1) The two conflicting philosophies of government
    used to reunite China under the Han Dynasty was
  • a) Legalism Confucianism
  • b) Buddhism Hinduism
  • c) Confucianism Daoism
  • d) Daoism Democracy
  • 2) The peasant who became emperor was a) Wu Di
    b) Pu Di Wang
  • c) a 13 years old d) Liu Bang.
  • 3) The key to happiness is to accept life is know
    as the philosophy of ?
  • a) Legalism b) Monotheism c) Confucianism
  • d) Daoism
  • 4) The emperor Wu Di allowed nobles as well as
    peasants to take tests to get
  • the best people to serve in his governments
  • a) Army b) Schools c) Civil Service d)
    Dynasty
  • 5) All are achievements of Chinas Golden Age
    except?
  • a) the Wheelbarrow b) Seismograph c)
    Printing d) the Great Wall

47
C. Religious Philosophical Thinking of China
  • 1. Oracle bones Ancestors (dead relatives) were
    wise guides for the living.
  • They could be contacted through a oracle by
    using dragon or oracle bones.
  • 2. Legalism used by Qin Shi Huangdi as a basis
    for the government of his dynasty.
  • Teaches People obey their rulers out of fear of
    punishment and not respect. Harsh treatment is
    the only way to bring peace and wealth to China
  • 3. Confucianism Kung Fu Zi (Confucius)
  • There are five virtues charity, kindness,
    hardwork, good faith, and courtesy.
  • Teaches A good society is like a family where
    all members know their responsibilities.
  • 4. Daoism used by Emperor Wu Di with the ideas
    of Confucianism.
  • Teaches the key to long life and happiness is to
    accept life as it is.
  • D. The Han Dynastys Golden Age The Silk Road
  • 1. Peace brought new technology inventions
    wheelbarrow, seismograph, paper, printing,
    crossbow, gunpowder, and fireworks.
  • 2. Caravans traded with other civilized
    people.
  • a) exported silk, apricots, iron, bronze goods
  • b) imported gold, ivory, wool, linen,
    grapevines, horses

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49
Indias Chapter 6 Song
14a
The Aryans migrate South Through the mountain
pass of Hindu Kush. Into the Indus Valley Using
their horses to fight for land. Believing in
Hinduisms reincarnation means rebirth. The next
lifes social position show your worth, But now
your caste is unchanging. So dont associate with
the low one. Being an Untouchable is no
fun!!!! Unless youre a believer in Buddha and
seek love, truth, and knowledge. Whats it to
ya? Unselfish behavior all the time. (Bomb Ba
Bomba Chorus) Now I know these chapter 6 facts,
Ill be fine. By Mr. Ingraham
Sung to Meet the Flintstones
50
Indias Chapter 6 (Song verse
2)
The Rajahs rule the Indian city-states Until a
young Chandragupta Maurya, Like the Qin Shi
Huangdi the young Chandraguptas known for
cruelty. Father and son rule with a firm
hand, but grandson Asoka discovers wars dont
make the man. Non-violence and no caste
system Becomes his new plan. The Gupta unites
India once again. Indias golden age soon
begins. Arabic numerals make math now base 10. Do
you believe in Buddha? Seeking love, truth, and
knowledge. Whats it to ya? Unselfish behavior
all the time. (Bomb Ba Bomba Chorus) Now I
know these chapter 6 facts, Ill be fine. By
Mr. Ingraham
14b
51
Vocabulary of India
  • subcontinent A large land area isolated from
    the rest of a continent
  • inscription- a written message.
  • Aryans- the earliest warriors and herders who
    immigrated from central Asia to India.
  • Sanskrit-the Aryan language.
  • Vedas the Aryan holy books.
  • reincarnation the belief that the soul lives on
    after death and returns to life in a new body.
  • Hinduism a religion that believes in three gods
    Brahma, the creator Vishnu, the preserver and
    Shiva, the destroyer.
  • caste- an unchanging group within a society.
  • untouchables- the people thought to be impure and
    below all of Indian castes.
  • Buddhism the religion based on the teachings of
    Siddhartha Gautama.

52
Vocabulary of India 2
  • rajahs Indian princes who ruled over large
    city-states
  • assassination murder for a political reason.
  • Turning point a time of important change .
  • missionaries religious teachers who help spread
    ideas to other areas.
  • Arabic numerals a base ten number system using
    1-9 and zero.
  • inoculation giving people a mild form of a
    disease to prevent them from getting sick with a
    more serious form.
  • Persian Bonus Vocabulary
  • Cavalry soldiers who rode horses and camels to
    make swift attacks.
  • Tribute yearly payments to a king or an
    emperor.
  • Couriers pony-express-like riders for
    delivering messages.
  • Prophet a person who others believe speaks or
    writes with a divine message from god.
  • Zoroastrianism the belief in two gods Ahura
    Mazda, the god of truth and Ahriman, the evil
    enemy.

53
Five Minute Assessment 5 India Chapter 4a
  • Each year the Indus and it tributaries.
  • a) dry up in the late summer
  • b) freeze over during the cold winter
  • c) cause great flooding along the river valley
  • d) over flow spreading rich silt
  • 2) Because of this The early people of the Indus
    River Valley
  • a) built their cities on mounds b) used sun
    dried brick
  • c) moved to the mountains of Hindu Kush
  • d) built huge bathhouses and provided swimming
    lessons.
  • 3) The Civilization these people formed is called
  • a) Mohenjo-Daro b) Harappan
  • c) Indian d) Mesopotamian
  • 4) The People of Mohenjo-Daro had a) stone water
    pipes b) hot running water
  • c) separate rooms d) many windows in the front
    of their homes.
  • 5) The People of Mohenjo-Daro had

54
Civilization in the Indus Valley
  • Settling the Indus Valley
  • 1. On the Asia subcontinent the Indus River
    spreads muddy water each spring over its
    floodplain.
  • 2. The earliest people of India piled mud
    stones into mounds building small villages and
    farmed growing barley.
  • 3. These farmers formed the Harappa Civilization
  • B. The City of Mohenjo-Daro
  • 1. Mohenjo-Daro was a model of city planning.
    Population- 45,000
  • a) wide, straight streets (30 feet)
  • b) walled fortress, bath house, storage shed
  • c) oven baked bricks
  • d) two story homes, doors opened into alleys,
    separate room,
  • baths with drains, trash chutes

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55
Five Minute Assessment 6 India Chapter 6a
  • Who were the people who crossed the Hindu Kush
    and immigrated to India
  • a) The Aryans
  • b) The people of Mohenjo-Daro
  • c) The Buddhists
  • d) The Chinese
  • 2) What is the main belief of Hinduism
  • a) The book of Arthashastra
  • b) Reincarnation
  • c) Monotheism
  • d) The belief in the Caste System.
  • 3) What is the Caste System?
  • a) the belief that broken bones can be set in a
    caste
  • b) the belief that everyone should apply
    themselves and work to their greatest potential
  • c) the belief that everyone will one day be
    enlighted
  • d) the belief that you must live, work, and
    marry within your own group
  • 4) Who founded became the first Buddha and
    founded Buddhism

56
The Caste System Indias Society
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57
Five Minute Assessment 7 India Chapter 6c
  • The first ruler to unite India was.
  • a) Shi Huangdi
  • b) Asoka Maurya
  • c) Kalidasa
  • d) Chandragupta Maurya
  • 2) The ideas of Legalism which said Government
    is the science of punishment is found in a book
    called the _______________________
  • a) Arthashastra
  • b) Analects
  • c) Torah
  • d) Panchatantra.
  • 3) Asoka became a Mauryan Emperor, but had a
    turning point in his life
  • a) After he became Hindu b) After the fall of
    the Harappan Empire
  • c) After the battle of Kalinga d) After his
    grandfather was assassinated
  • 4) The Golden Age of India occurred during the
    reign of
  • a) the last Mauryan Emperor b) the Gupta
    Emperors
  • c) The Emperor Shi Huangdi d) The reign of
    Prince Siddhartha Gautama.

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Religious Philosophical Thinking of India
  • Hinduism Ancient Aryan Religion which worships
    three main gods Brahma, the creator Vishnu, the
    preserver and Shiva, the destroyer.
  • Teaches People are born into an unchanging
    group within society. They can only associate
    with members of the same caste. If they live a
    good life they will be reincarnated, or come to
    life in a new body, in a higher caste.
  • Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama reaction to the
    Caste System and harsh treatment under Hinduism.
  • Teaches People should seek love, truth, the joy
    of knowledge, and a calm mind.
  • Arthashastra (Legalism) used by Chandragupta
    Maurya Unites India 320 BCE Teaches Government
    is the science of punishment.
  • Emperor Asoka Mautya adopts peaceful ways
    becomes Buddhist after the
  • battle of Kalinga (Turning Point)
  • Golden Age of India
  • Panchatantra (folk Tales), Arabic Numerals, set
    broken bones,
  • eased childbirth, grafted skin, inoculation,
    cleanliness, sterilization.

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59
Performance AssessmentA Court Case for
Civilization
  • Your presentation will take the form of a TV
    Court Case.
  • This is what is needed
  • A large map locating your presentations advanced
    society.
  • A large poster of your societys inventions
    innovations.
  • A Court Case Script
  • a) An explanation of your societys
    government
  • proving it had leadership (with evidence
    artifact).
  • b) An explanation of your societys beliefs
  • proving it had religion (with evidence
    artifact).
  • c) An explanation of your advanced societys
    innovations and
  • inventions proving it had knowledge
    (with evidence artifact).
  • d) An explanation and description of your
    societys
  • writing system (with evidence artifact).
  • e) An attorneys opening and closing statements.
  • Remember Your group will need 4 artifacts
    to present as evidence during the court case.


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Performance AssessmentA Court Case for
Civilization
  • Your presentation will need a power point
    presentation
  • (At least 6 slides)
  • First Slide Title of your Advanced Society
  • and the full names of all group members.
  • 2) Second Slide Title Leadership including
    some facts
  • pictures.
  • 3) Third Slide Title Religion including some
    facts
  • pictures.
  • 4) Fourth Slide Title Knowledge / Learning
    including some facts
  • pictures of your societys invention
    innovations.
  • 5) Fifth Slide Title Writing including some
    facts
  • pictures about your societys system of writing.
  • 6) Sixth Slide Thanks for watching including
    some
  • pictures.


61
How to set up your notebook for research
62
Performance Assessment
Textbook Research
Religion
Leadership
Knowledge
Writing
People
The Role of Government pp. 63-4 Sargon the
Conqueror pp. 68-9
Architecture and Religious Beliefs pp. 62-3
The Alphabet pp. 75-6
New Inventions p. 61 Innovations p. 66
Sargon Hammurabi Sennacherib
Mesopotamia
Source of Religion p. 96 The Old Kingdom pp.
100-1
King Narmer Pharaoh Zoser Hatshepsut Amenhotep
IV King Tut
The Early Period pp. 98-100
Source of Innovation pp. 95-6
Unity for the Egyptians pp. 96-7
Egypt
The City of Mohenjo-Daro pp. 122-3 The Golden
Age of India pp. 190-1
City People p. 124 Hinduism (Sanskrit) pp.
176-7
Siddhartha Gautama Chandragupta Maurya Asoka
Maurya
The Caste System p.177 Indias First
Empire p. 187-8
Hinduism pp. 176-7 The origins of Buddhism pp.
178-9
India

The Ideas of Confucius p. 158-9 The Golden
Age pp. 168-9
King Wu Qin Shi Huangdi Han Goa Zu Confucius
The Shang Dynasty pp. 128-9 Rule of Shi
Huanghi p. 161-2
Oracle Bones pp. 129-130
Shang Writing pp. 130-1
China
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SynergyThe product of a group is greater than
any individual of that group..
  • 1) The Leader reads his/her Leadership notes
    while the other group members copy any items
    mentioned they dont have.
  • 2) Another member of the group then reads his/her
    Leadership notes and the other group members
    copy any items they dont have.
  • 3) Rotation continues until all members have read
    their Leadership notes.

64
IV. Kush Egypts Rival
Other African Kingdoms
Mediterranean Sea
Asia
Red Sea
Nile River
Africa
Nubia
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IV. Kush Egypts Rival
A. Early People of Nubia 1. Nubia extends along
Egypts southern border into modern Sudan. 2.
The people of Nubia lived like the Egyptians.
a) About 6,000 BC. They lived in clans as
herders and farmers. b) The Nubians worshipped
Egyptian gods. 3. About 2000 BC. they developed
into a civilization and built canals. a) They
traded gold, hardwoods, animal tusks, and huge
granite blocks for Egyptians
goods. b) These blocks were used to build
obelisks, or ancient towering
monuments made of a single stone of granite. 4.
During the Egyptian Middle Kingdom the pharaoh
moved to annex, or take over, northern
Nubia and make it part of Egypt. B. Kush 1. When
the Hyksos took over upper Egypt, Nubia gained
its independence, or complete freedom,
from Egypt. 2. Kerma becomes the capital of the
Kushite government. 3. It also becomes a trading
center for central and southern Africa. a) To
the North they traded for Egyptians goods. b)
To the South they traded for gold, salt,
elephants, rhinoceros horns,
spices, and slaves. c) Kermass busy markets
made the government wealthy.
Mediterranean Sea
Asia
Red Sea
Nile River
Africa
Nubia
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IV. Kush Egypts Rival
Mediterranean Sea
Asia
C. Conquest of Egypt 1. About 750 BC King Kasha
of Kush takes over Upper Egypt. 2. His son
Piankhi conquers lower Egypt. 3. Piankhis
brother claims the pharaohs throne in Thebes and
begins a new dynasty. The Kushite
pharaohs rebuild and strenghten Egypt. D. Early
Ironworkers 1. About 670 BC. Invaders from the
Fertile Crescent gained control of the
Nile Valley. 2. Kushite leaders establish a new
capital at Meroe, where Kushite
civilization begins again. They a) invent
their own 23 letter alphabet. b) reestablish a
trading network, or group of buyers and sellers.
c) discover and mine iron ore. d) have iron
workers melt down iron ore and have craftworkers
use the metal to make iron
tools and weapons. 3. Meroe becomes Africas
earliest iron working center. 4. About 350 AD.
The kingdom of Axum conquers Kush.
Red Sea
Nile River
Africa
Nubia
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Religious development of the Middle East
  • Abram breaks with the religious thinking of his
    neighbors and
  • begins worshipping one supreme god (Monotheism).
  • He changes his name to Abraham, which means
    father of many nations.
  • a) Abrahams son Isaac is the father of the
    Jewish people.
  • 1) Judaism The religion of the Jewish people
    based on the belief of the one god,
  • Yahweh.
  • Teaches Gods good qualities must be
    imitated by his people.
  • 2) Christianity a religion based to the life and
    teaching of
  • Jesus Christ, a Jewish Rabi.
  • Teaches To love your neighbor as yourself.
  • b) Abrahams son Ishmael is the father of the
    Arab people.
  • Muhammad, an Arab, is the founder of Islam.
    Muslims are his followers.
  • Islam The religion of the Muslims based on the
    belief of the one god, Allah.
  • Teaches Muslim must submit to gods will and
    follow their holy book the Quran
  • and Muhammads example. The religious successors
    to Muhammad are called
  • caliphs, but whom to follow caused divisions.
  • Shiite Muslims stayed loyal to the descendants of
    the fourth caliph, Alis dynasty
  • Sunni Muslims accepted the changing dynasties of
    Muhammads successors.

68
The influence of Religion on three
continents
Buddhism Missionaries Spread the teachings of
Siddhartha Gautama throughout Asia and Japan.
EUROPE
CHRISTIANITY
ASIA
Muslim Merchants spread the teachings of Islam.
JUDAISM
HINDUISM
Merchants and Missionaries spread religious ideas
to other places. This adapting of customs and
ideas from one culture to another is known as
cultural borrowing.
AFRICA
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TRADE
Chinese Silk Road By 106 B.C.E. the first camel
caravan headed west from China with a load of
Silk. No one knew the secrets of making Silk,
which gave the Chinese a monopoly. They made
huge profits in gold, ivory, wool, linen,
grapevines, And horses. African Salt Trade By
700 C.E. an African tribe, the Soninkes,
had taken over much of the West African
grasslands. To the south they traded with
another tribe the Wangaras for gold. Then they
traded with Muslim merchants the gold for salt.
Salt was important to season and preserve food.
Some of the salt they traded back to the
Wangaras for more gold. Other European goods such
as paper, woven cloth, and perfumes were also
traded. With this trading network the Soninkes
made a profit at both ends of the trading cycle
and they grew rich and powerful.
70
The influence of the Muslim trading network and
the the spread of Islam on three continents
The Silk Road 5,000 miles from China to the
Mediterranean Sea
ASIA
EUROPE
The Salt Trade 3,000 miles from the
Mediterranean Sea to The West African
Savanna
Trade was more important than just the exchange
of needed goods. It allowed for the spreading of
new ideas and technology to other places. This
flow of ideas and knowledge is called cultural
diffusion.
AFRICA
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RIVER CIVILIZATIONS
  • EXTRA ACTIVITIES IDEAS

72
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Performance AssessmentA News Presentation to the
class
  • Your presentation will take the form of a TV news
    cast.
  • This is what is needed
  • A large map locating your presentations
    civilization.
  • An explanation of your civilizations government
  • proving it had leadership.
  • 3) An explanation of your civilizations beliefs
  • proving it had religion.
  • 4) An explanation of your civilizations
    innovations and
  • inventions proving it had knowledge.
  • 5) An explanation and description of your
    civilizations
  • writing system.
  • Remember Your groups 5 questions must be covered
    in your presentation.


74
How to set up your notebook for research
75
Time Line Practice
2,000 C.E.
2,000 B.C.E.
3,000 B.C.E.
4,000 B.C.E.
1,000 B.C.E.
5,000 B.C.E.
1,000 C.E.
B.C.E C.E. 0
2007 C.E.
76
Time Line Practice
  • Place the following on this timeline
  • 1) 5,100 years ago King Narmer unites Upper and
    Lower Egypt
  • 2) 4,650 years ago the Egyptians built the first
    pyramid.
  • 3) 4,500 years ago cities rise in the Indus
    Valley.
  • 4) 4,300 years ago merchants trade between the
    Indus Valley and Mesopotamia.
  • 5) 3,800 years ago the Shang Dynasty gains
    control of China.
  • 6) 3,465 years ago the Egyptian Empire expands
    to its largest size.
  • 2,750 years ago Kush conquers upper Egypt.
  • Hint Remember it is now 2007 C.E., but why not
    use 2,000?

2,000 C.E.
2,000 B.C.E.
3,000 B.C.E.
4,000 B.C.E.
1,000 B.C.E.
5,000 B.C.E.
1,000 C.E.
B.C.E C.E. 0
2007 C.E.
77
II. Egyptian Society during the Middle Kingdom
Mediterranean Sea
Asia
Pharaoh
Nile River
Africa
Priests Nobles
MIDDLE CLASS Merchants, Scribes,
Craftworkers
Red Sea
Unskilled Laborers Peasant Farmers Slaves
Nubia
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III. Egyptian Kingdoms
Mediterranean Sea
Asia
  • The Old Kingdom 2686- 2181 BCE
  • The Age of the pyramids pharaohs tombs
  • a) Stacked mastabas stepped pyramid
  • b) Geometric straight sided square pyramids
  • built in the land of the dead at Giza.
  • The Middle Kingdom 1991 1786 BCE
  • Amenemhet conquered Nubia Egypt is an Empire
  • Middle class develops Craftworkers, Merchants,
    Scribes
  • The Hyksos attack with war chariots and conquer
    Egypt
  • The New Kingdom 1686- 1085
  • Pharaoh Thutmose I retakes Egypt from the Hyksos
  • Pharoah Thutmose III invades Nubia the Fertile
    Crescent
  • Amenhotep Nefertiti worship one god, Aton
    monotheism
  • King Tutankhamen (Tut) returns to polytheism.
  • Egypt weakens and is ruled by outsiders.

Red Sea
Nile River
Africa
Nubia
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Bonus Question5 Points
What is the belief in two gods Ahura Mazda, the
god of truth and Ahriman, the evil enemy
called. w) Hinduism x) Buddhism y) Judaism
z) Zoroastrianism
81
Performance Assessment
  • Create a tri-fold travel brochure and present it
    to the class. Your project must include the
    natural characteristics that define the region
    known as the Middle East (either past or
    present), relative and absolute location,
    climate. Culture. Ecosystems, and technology.

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Travel Brochure Research Topics
Textbook Topics Ancient Mesopotamia Encyclopedia
p. 70 Assyria pp. 784-787 p. 69
Babylon pp. 9-12 p. 69 King Hammurabi pp.
33-4 p. 62 70 Maps of Mesopotamia p. 346 p.
61 Mesopotamia pp. 345-6
------- Seven Wonders pp. 253-6 p.61 Sumer pp
. 778-9 pp. 61 66 Inventions/Innovation
s The Modern World ------ Modern Iraq
(map) p. 327 ------ Climate/Rainfall/Temp. pp.
324-9
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Prime Meridian
40 N
O
Tropic of Cancer
23 30 N
O
20 N

Equator
  1. S

Tropic of Capricorn
23 30 S
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Court Case Script for _________________ in
the Ancient __________________ Civilization
Attorney ____________ Could you please tell the
court your name. Witness ____________ Yes
certainly, my name is _________________. Attorney
___________ And where or when did you live in
ancient ____________________? Witness
____________ I lived (during). Attorney
___________ What did you do in ancient
_______________? Witness ____________ I was
(or worked as) . Attorney ___________ What is
a .? Witness ____________ A(n) is
. Attorney ___________ That is very
interesting. What are your accomplishments
as ____________________? Witness ____________
I had many accomplishment, but I am most of
(mention one accomplishment or
invention). Attorney ___________ I would like
to to look at this carefully. What do you
see? (Witness looks at 3d object) Witness
____________ Why that is _______________________
___ Attorney ___________ Could you describe it
to the court room? Witness ____________ It
looks like ________________________. Attorney
____________ Your honor I would like this
entered as evidence. Now _________________
are the any other examples of
______________________ in ancient __________
CSI10
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