The Principles of the United States Constitution - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


PPT – The Principles of the United States Constitution PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 739be3-OTUzM


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation

The Principles of the United States Constitution


The Principles of the United States Constitution – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:88
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 40
Provided by: Inst5160
Learn more at:


Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Principles of the United States Constitution

The Principles of the United States
I. Popular Sovereignty
  • The people hold the ultimate authority
  • A representative democracy lets the people elect
    leaders to make decisions for them.
  • Patty Murray, Maria Cantwell and Jay Inslee are
    our elected officials in Congress

II. Limited Government
  • Framers wanted to guard against tyranny
  • Government is limited to the power given them in
    the Constitution.
  • The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep
    their power can be removed
  • Government must adhere to the law

III. Federalism
  • The division of power between State and National
  • Some powers are shared
  • The National Government has the supreme power

IV. Separation of Powers
  • No one holds too much power
  • Legislative branch makes the laws
  • Executive branch carries out the laws
  • Legislative branch interprets the laws

Legislative Branch
  • Senate and House of Representatives
  • Make our laws
  • Appropriate Money
  • Regulate Immigration
  • Establish Post Offices and Roads
  • Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation
  • Declare War

Executive Branch
  • The President of the United States
  • Chief Executive
  • Chief of State
  • Chief Legislator
  • Commander in Chief

Judicial Branch
  • Supreme Court and other Federal Courts
  • Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the
  • Considers cases involving national laws
  • Declares laws and acts unconstitutional

V. Checks and Balances
  • Prevents the abuse of power in government
  • Each branch can check each other branch

Executive Checks
  • Propose laws to Congress
  • Veto laws made by Congress
  • Negotiate foreign treaties
  • Appoint federal judges
  • Grant pardons to federal offenders

Legislative Checks
  • Override presidents veto
  • Ratify treaties
  • Confirm executive appointments
  • Impeach federal officers and judges
  • Create and dissolve lower federal courts

Judicial Checks
  • Declare executive acts unconstitutional
  • Declare laws unconstitutional
  • Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
  • The Supreme Court holds the final check

Article II Section 1
  • Which branch of the government is established by
    Article II?
  • Executive
  • The Presidents term in office is ______ years?
  • 4
  • Which amendment regulates the Presidents term in
  • 22

Article II Cont.
  • How many consecutive terms can a President serve?
  • 2
  • Maximum number of years a President can serve
  • 10
  • Who actually votes for the President?
  • Electoral College

Article II
  • How many electors is each state granted?
  • Equal to the number of representatives plus two
  • How many electors does Washington state have?
  • 12 for the first time! (2012 election)

Article II
  • http//

Article II
  • Name three qualifications that must be met in
    order to be elected President
  • Natural born citizen
  • Resident of the US for at least 14 years
  • At least 35 years old

Article II--Presidential Succession
  • Vice President (Joseph Biden)
  • Speaker of the House (John Boehner)
  • President ProTempore (Daniel Inouye)
  • Secretary of State (Hilary Clinton)
  • Secretary of Treasury (Timothy Geithner)
  • Secretary of Defense (Leon Panetta)

Article II--Presidential Succession
  • How is this order determined?
  • In the order the department was established
  • Attorney General
  • Secretary of the Interior
  • Secretary of Agriculture
  • Secretary of Commerce
  • Secretary of Labor
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services

Article II Presidential succession
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • Secretary of Energy
  • Secretary of Education
  • Secretary of Transportation
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • Secretary of Homeland Security

Article II
  • According to the 25th amendment, what happens if
    the office of Vice President becomes vacant?
  • President names a new VP
  • Both houses of Congress must approve

Article II
  • What two processes are set up to allow the
    President to temporarily step aside?
  • Pres. sends note to Speaker of the House and
    Pres. Pro Tempore stating he/she is unable to
    perform duties
  • VP and majority of cabinet address Congress and
    say President is unable to perform duties

Article II
  • On what date is the President sworn into office?
  • January 20th
  • What was the date before the 20th amendment
    changed it?
  • March 4rth
  • This is called the LAME DUCK amendment

Article II Section 2
  • The President is the Commander in Chief of ____
  • All armed forces
  • The President has the power to grant reprieves
    and Pardons for offenses
  • Legal forgiveness
  • Delay the execution of a sentence

(No Transcript)
Advice and Consent
  • President has the power with advice and consent
    of Senate to do the following
  • Make treaties
  • Appoint ambassadors and public ministers
  • Appoint justices to the Supreme court
  • Appoint other officers not provided for in the

Senatorial Courtesy
  • If the President is making an appointment, he
    will first talk to the senators from that state
    to get approval

Article II
  • What fraction must approve a treaty?
  • 2/3
  • What fraction must approve all other
  • Simple majority (51)

Duties of the President
  • State of the Union address propose new
  • Call congress together in emergencies, convene
    and adjourn Congress
  • Receive Ambassadors and Public Ministers
  • Execute the laws of the US

Article II
  • On what charges can a President be impeached?
  • Treason, bribery, federal crimes and misdemeanors

Article III
  • Which branch is established?
  • Judicial
  • Judicial power is vested in one supreme court and
    in lower (inferior) courts as Congress shall
    ordain and establish
  • Judges serve for how long?
  • Life in good behavior
  • Highest court in the land?
  • US Supreme court

Article III
  • How many justices on the Supreme Court?
  • 9
  • Who determines this?
  • Congress
  • Current Chief Justice
  • John Roberts (Bush 2005)
  • First African American
  • Thurgood Marshall

Article III
  • First female Justice?
  • Sandra Day OConnor
  • Newest Justice
  • Elena Kagan (Obama 2010)
  • Who appoints Justices?
  • President
  • How long do they hold office?
  • For life

Court System
  • Jurisdiction
  • The power to hear a given case (area of
  • Original jurisdiction
  • The lowest level at which a case may be heard. It
    is a trail court where facts and evidence are

Court system
  • What court has original jurisdiction in most
    federal cases?
  • US district court
  • Appellate Jurisdiction
  • A higher court that can decide whether the law
    was correctly applied in a given case.

Article IV
  • Full faith and Credit Clause
  • Each state must honor and accept legal
    proceedings of every other state
  • For example
  • Marriages
  • Divorces
  • Court orders

  • Legal order requesting one state to turn over a
    fugitive wanted in another state

Article V
  • Whenever 2/3 of Congress thinks it is necessary,
    they may suggest changes to the Constitution.
    When 2/3 of states asks them to , Congress shall
    call a convention to suggest amendments. Proposed
    amendments nmust have approval of ¾ of states
    legislatures or conventions of ¾ of states to
    become part of the Constitution.

Article VI
  • National Supremacy
  • The Constitution, the laws passed by Congress and
    our treaties shall be the Supreme law of the
  • Judges in every state must make their decision
    according to this law, even if their own
    constitution and laws disagree.