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The Principles of the United States Constitution

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Title: The Principles of the United States Constitution


1
The Principles of the United States
Constitution
2
I. Popular Sovereignty
  • The people hold the ultimate authority
  • A representative democracy lets the people elect
    leaders to make decisions for them.
  • Patty Murray, Maria Cantwell and Jay Inslee are
    our elected officials in Congress

3
II. Limited Government
  • Framers wanted to guard against tyranny
  • Government is limited to the power given them in
    the Constitution.
  • The Constitution tells how leaders who overstep
    their power can be removed
  • Government must adhere to the law

4
III. Federalism
  • The division of power between State and National
    Governments
  • Some powers are shared
  • The National Government has the supreme power

5
IV. Separation of Powers
  • No one holds too much power
  • Legislative branch makes the laws
  • Executive branch carries out the laws
  • Legislative branch interprets the laws

6
Legislative Branch
  • Senate and House of Representatives
  • Make our laws
  • Appropriate Money
  • Regulate Immigration
  • Establish Post Offices and Roads
  • Regulate Interstate Commerce and Transportation
  • Declare War

7
Executive Branch
  • The President of the United States
  • Chief Executive
  • Chief of State
  • Chief Legislator
  • Commander in Chief

8
Judicial Branch
  • Supreme Court and other Federal Courts
  • Preserve and protect the rights guaranteed by the
    Constitution
  • Considers cases involving national laws
  • Declares laws and acts unconstitutional

9
V. Checks and Balances
  • Prevents the abuse of power in government
  • Each branch can check each other branch

10
Executive Checks
  • Propose laws to Congress
  • Veto laws made by Congress
  • Negotiate foreign treaties
  • Appoint federal judges
  • Grant pardons to federal offenders

11
Legislative Checks
  • Override presidents veto
  • Ratify treaties
  • Confirm executive appointments
  • Impeach federal officers and judges
  • Create and dissolve lower federal courts

12
Judicial Checks
  • Declare executive acts unconstitutional
  • Declare laws unconstitutional
  • Declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
  • The Supreme Court holds the final check

13
Article II Section 1
  • Which branch of the government is established by
    Article II?
  • Executive
  • The Presidents term in office is ______ years?
  • 4
  • Which amendment regulates the Presidents term in
    office?
  • 22

14
Article II Cont.
  • How many consecutive terms can a President serve?
  • 2
  • Maximum number of years a President can serve
  • 10
  • Who actually votes for the President?
  • Electoral College

15
Article II
  • How many electors is each state granted?
  • Equal to the number of representatives plus two
    senators
  • How many electors does Washington state have?
  • 12 for the first time! (2012 election)

16
Article II
  • http//www.270towin.com/

17
Article II
  • Name three qualifications that must be met in
    order to be elected President
  • Natural born citizen
  • Resident of the US for at least 14 years
  • At least 35 years old

18
Article II--Presidential Succession
  • Vice President (Joseph Biden)
  • Speaker of the House (John Boehner)
  • President ProTempore (Daniel Inouye)
  • Secretary of State (Hilary Clinton)
  • Secretary of Treasury (Timothy Geithner)
  • Secretary of Defense (Leon Panetta)

19
Article II--Presidential Succession
  • How is this order determined?
  • In the order the department was established
  • Attorney General
  • Secretary of the Interior
  • Secretary of Agriculture
  • Secretary of Commerce
  • Secretary of Labor
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services

20
Article II Presidential succession
  • Secretary of Health and Human Services
  • Secretary of Energy
  • Secretary of Education
  • Secretary of Transportation
  • Secretary of Veterans Affairs
  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development
  • Secretary of Homeland Security

21
Article II
  • According to the 25th amendment, what happens if
    the office of Vice President becomes vacant?
  • President names a new VP
  • Both houses of Congress must approve

22
Article II
  • What two processes are set up to allow the
    President to temporarily step aside?
  • Pres. sends note to Speaker of the House and
    Pres. Pro Tempore stating he/she is unable to
    perform duties
  • VP and majority of cabinet address Congress and
    say President is unable to perform duties

23
Article II
  • On what date is the President sworn into office?
  • January 20th
  • What was the date before the 20th amendment
    changed it?
  • March 4rth
  • This is called the LAME DUCK amendment

24
Article II Section 2
  • The President is the Commander in Chief of ____
    ?_____
  • All armed forces
  • The President has the power to grant reprieves
    and Pardons for offenses
  • Legal forgiveness
  • Delay the execution of a sentence

25
(No Transcript)
26
Advice and Consent
  • President has the power with advice and consent
    of Senate to do the following
  • Make treaties
  • Appoint ambassadors and public ministers
  • Appoint justices to the Supreme court
  • Appoint other officers not provided for in the
    constitution

27
Senatorial Courtesy
  • If the President is making an appointment, he
    will first talk to the senators from that state
    to get approval

28
Article II
  • What fraction must approve a treaty?
  • 2/3
  • What fraction must approve all other
    appointments?
  • Simple majority (51)

29
Duties of the President
  • State of the Union address propose new
    legislation
  • Call congress together in emergencies, convene
    and adjourn Congress
  • Receive Ambassadors and Public Ministers
  • Execute the laws of the US

30
Article II
  • On what charges can a President be impeached?
  • Treason, bribery, federal crimes and misdemeanors

31
Article III
  • Which branch is established?
  • Judicial
  • Judicial power is vested in one supreme court and
    in lower (inferior) courts as Congress shall
    ordain and establish
  • Judges serve for how long?
  • Life in good behavior
  • Highest court in the land?
  • US Supreme court

32
Article III
  • How many justices on the Supreme Court?
  • 9
  • Who determines this?
  • Congress
  • Current Chief Justice
  • John Roberts (Bush 2005)
  • First African American
  • Thurgood Marshall

33
Article III
  • First female Justice?
  • Sandra Day OConnor
  • Newest Justice
  • Elena Kagan (Obama 2010)
  • Who appoints Justices?
  • President
  • How long do they hold office?
  • For life

34
Court System
  • Jurisdiction
  • The power to hear a given case (area of
    authority)
  • Original jurisdiction
  • The lowest level at which a case may be heard. It
    is a trail court where facts and evidence are
    decided.

35
Court system
  • What court has original jurisdiction in most
    federal cases?
  • US district court
  • Appellate Jurisdiction
  • A higher court that can decide whether the law
    was correctly applied in a given case.

36
Article IV
  • Full faith and Credit Clause
  • Each state must honor and accept legal
    proceedings of every other state
  • For example
  • Marriages
  • Divorces
  • Court orders

37
Extradition
  • Legal order requesting one state to turn over a
    fugitive wanted in another state

38
Article V
  • Whenever 2/3 of Congress thinks it is necessary,
    they may suggest changes to the Constitution.
    When 2/3 of states asks them to , Congress shall
    call a convention to suggest amendments. Proposed
    amendments nmust have approval of ¾ of states
    legislatures or conventions of ¾ of states to
    become part of the Constitution.

39
Article VI
  • National Supremacy
  • The Constitution, the laws passed by Congress and
    our treaties shall be the Supreme law of the
    land.
  • Judges in every state must make their decision
    according to this law, even if their own
    constitution and laws disagree.
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