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The United States Supreme Court

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The United States Supreme Court The Court of Last Resort Article III of the Constitution 1 Supreme Court Life Tenure No Decrease in Salary Nominated by the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The United States Supreme Court


1
The United States Supreme Court
  • The Court of Last Resort

2
(No Transcript)
3
Article III of the Constitution
  • 1 Supreme Court
  • Life Tenure
  • No Decrease in Salary
  • Nominated by the President and Confirmed by the
    Senate
  • Impeachable by Congress

4
Life Tenure
  • What can influence a Supreme Court Justice?

5
Legal Influences
  • Constraints of the Facts
  • They can only respond to the facts of the
    case
  • B. Constraints of the LawMust determine which
    laws are relevant

6
Political Influences
  • Outside Influences
  • Forces of public opinion
  • B. Inside Influences
  • Personal beliefs and political attitudes

7
(No Transcript)
8
Article III section 2
  • Original Jurisdiction Conducts Trials
  • Disputes between states
  • Cases dealing with Ambassadors Diplomats

9
(No Transcript)
10
Appellate Jurisdiction
11
Judiciary Act of 1789
  • Appellate Jurisdiction
  • Reviews Earlier Decisions
  • Has the authority to review cases from the lower
    courts. (Uphold or overturn)
  • -Constitutional Issues
  • -Great Social Impact

12
Brown v. Board of Education
13
Judiciary Act of 1789
  • Est. Lower Court Structure
  • (1) U.S. Supreme Court
  • (13) Circuits or Court of Appeals
  • (94) District Courts (Trial Courts)

14
9 Supreme Court Justices
  • 1 Chief and 8 Associates

15
Justices
  • Chief John Roberts (Conservative)
  • John Paul Stevens (Liberal) (Elena Kagan)
  • Antonin Scalia (Conservative)
  • Anthony Kennedy (Centrist)
  • Sonia Sotomayor (Liberal)
  • Clarence Thomas (Conservative)
  • Ruth Bader Ginsberg (Liberal)
  • Stephen Beyer (Centrist)
  • Samuel Alito (Conservative)

16
Case Loads
  • District Courts
  • 550 Judges 267,000 Cases
  • Court of Appeals
  • 158 Judges 41,000 cases
  • Supreme Court
  • 9 Judges 4,500 case
  • (200 Decisions) 1990 statistics

17
John Marshallhttp//www.youtube.com/watch?v3TVke
RUvX_U
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