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The Progressive Era

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Chapter 8 The Progressive Era Page 241 #3 a. Progressives attempted to solve poverty, the spread of slums, poor working conditions in factories and the power of big ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Progressive Era


1
Chapter 8
  • The Progressive Era

2
Page 241 3
  • a. Progressives attempted to solve poverty, the
    spread of slums, poor working conditions in
    factories and the power of big corporations.
  •  
  • b. When President Roosevelt spoke about a square
    deal he was talking about a fair situation for
    everyone. He tried to achieve this by breaking up
    trusts and regulating industries.
  • c. In the field of conservation Roosevelt added
    to the forest reserves, doubled national parks,
    created the first wildlife refuge and preserved
    natural wonders.

3
progressivism
  • an early 20th century reform movement seeking to
    return control of the government to the people,
    to restore economic opportunities and correct
    injustices in American life

4
muckraker
  • around 1900, a term for a journalist who exposed
    corruption in American society.

5
Ida Tarbell
  • a muckraker who exposed John D. Rockefellers
    companys use of unfair business practices.

6
Three goals of progressive reformers
  • 1. Reform government and expand democracy
  • 2. Promote social welfare
  • 3. Create economic reform

7
patronage
  • Elected officials gave government jobs or
    contacts to their friends, even if they were not
    qualified

8
Pendleton Civil Service Act
  • This law passed in 1883 ended patronage. It
    required people getting a government job to take
    a test to prove they were qualified

9
direct primary
  • voters, rather than party conventions, choose
    candidates to run for public office

10
initiative
  • the procedure that allows voters to propose a new
    law directly

11
referendum
  • when a proposed law is submitted to a vote of the
    people

12
recall
  • to vote an official out of office

13
Promoting Social Welfare
  • Addressed problems of poverty, unemployment and
    poor working conditions
  • Examples Jane Addams- Hull House
    prohibitionists- wanted to make alcohol illegal

14
Creating Economic Reform
  • Sherman Antitrust Act a law passed in 1890 that
    made it illegal for corporations to gain control
    of industries by forming trusts

15
Theodore Roosevelt
  • the first progressive president of the U.S. He
    was interested in trying to change society to
    make it fair for everyone, not just the
    privileged. He was known as a trust buster
    because he was responsible for breaking up many
    trusts. He was also concerned about Americas
    natural resources.

16
Trustbuster
  • Theodore Roosevelts nickname for breaking up 44
    trusts. Wanted to offer everyone a square deal

17
Upton Sinclair
  • author of The Jungle, a book that exposed the
    poor sanitary conditions of the meat-packing
    industry

18
The Jungle
  • Described unsanitary conditions in a meat
    packing plant that ground up dead rats with the
    pork to make sausage.

19
The Jungle
  • Caused Roosevelt to pass Meat inspection Act and
    Pure Food and Drug Act.

20
Conservation
  • Roosevelt was a strong crusader for conservation.
  • Set aside more than 200 million acres of public
    land for national parks

21
Page 247 1 and 3
  • a. The Republican Party split in 1912 because
    some Republicans wanted to nominate Taft for
    president while others wanted Roosevelt. They
    split so each could run their own candidate.
  • b. Some of Wilsons major progressive
    accomplishments as president were the Clayton
    Antitrust Act, The Federal Reserve Act and the
    Prohibition Amendment (18th Amendment).
  • c. The Federal Reserve Act established the
    Federal Reserve Board and improved the nations
    banking system.

22
William Howard Taft
  • succeeded Roosevelt as president and continued
    Roosevelts attack on trusts. He broke up twice
    as many trusts as Roosevelt

23
Sixteenth Amendment
  • an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified
    in 1913, that gave congress the power to create
    income taxes

24
Property Tax
  • People pay taxes on property they own.

25
Sales Tax
  • Sales tax is imposed on the retail price of
    merchandise and collected by the retailer.

26
Estate Tax
  • This tax is charged against the value of the
    property of a person who dies. Also known as the
    death tax.

27
Seventeenth Amendment
  • an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified
    in 1913, that provided for the direct election of
    U.S. senators

28
Election of 1912
  • Republicans split their support. ½ supported Taft
    and those supporting Roosevelt formed the
    Progressive Party a.k.a. the Bull Moose Party.
  • The Democrats supported Woodrow Wilson
  • Wilson won the election

29
Clayton Antitrust Act
  • a law passed in 1914 that laid down rules
    forbidding business practices that lessened
    competition it gave the government more power to
    regulate trusts

30
Federal Reserve Act
  • a law passed in 1913 that created the nations
    banking system and instituted a flexible currency
    system

31
Civil Rights
  • Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson did little to advance
    civil rights of African-American. Wilson approved
    segregation in the federal government.

32
Eighteenth Amendment
  • Known as the Prohibition Amendment, this law
    prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic
    beverages.

33
Susan B. Anthony
  • a leader of the womens suffrage movement she
    was president of the National American Women
    Suffrage Association 1n 1892

34
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