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The Progressive Era

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Chapter 21 Section 1 Roosevelt and Progressivism What problems in the U.S. needed reform in the late 1800s? Progressives wanted to change America: Gilded Age Politics ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Progressive Era


1
The Progressive Era 1890-1920
Chapter 21 Section 1 Roosevelt and Progressivism
2
What does progressive mean?
Forward thinking people who wanted to improve
American life. To make progress.
3
Many Groups
Forward Thinking
Progressives (reformers)...
Inspired by Religion Science
Public Interest Should Guide Government
4
What problems in the U.S. needed reform in the
late 1800s?
Political Corruption
Power of Big Business
Conditions of American Society
5
Progressives wanted to change America
Expand Democracy (political reform)
Create Economic Reform
Promote Social Reform
6
Gilded Age Politics 1870s-1890s
Elections often close
Highest voter turnout for Presidential elections
in US history
Neither party could keep control of Congress
7
Political Concerns of Americans during the Gilded
Age
Growing power of special interest groups
(bankers, wealthy industrialists- lobbyists).
Political Corruption (bribery, voter fraud)
8
Muckrakers Journalists who exposed corruption
problems of the late 1800s and early 1900s.
9
Some Important Reformers and Muckrakers
Ida Tarbell Trusts Big Business. (Wrote a book
about the Standard Oil Trust.)
10
Upton Sinclair (Meatpacking Industry)
Wrote The Jungle to expose the plight of
immigrant workers but created an outrage over
meat packing practices.
11
Jacob Riis (Tenement Slums). Wrote a book, How
the Other Half Lives
John Dewey (Progressive Education Reform
democratic ideals, problem solving).
12
Lewis Hine (Child Labor). Published photos and
stories to show condition of children working.
13
Expanding Democracy
  • Ending the Spoils System.
  • Elected official giving out government jobs to
    loyal supporters (patronage).

14
Baltimore-Washington Station, 1881.
15
Charles Guiteau assassinates Garfield,
1881 Washington, DC train station.
16
1883 Congress passes the Pendleton Civil Service
Act. Civil Service Commission Created.
Exams for government jobs (based on merit, not
patronage).
17
Political Reform at the State and National level
18
The Will of the People...
Primaries (to pick Candidates)
Initiative (voters propose laws)
Referendum (people to vote a bill into law)
Recall (voters can remove elected officials from
office)
19
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20
Robert LaFollette (Wisconsin Idea)
Governor of Wisconsin. First state-wide
progressive plan for reforms.
21
Reforming City Governments
22
  • GRAFT form of political corruption defined as an
    unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for
    personal gain.
  • Examples
  • Exchange a political donation for political
    favor.
  • Skim money directly from government funds
  • Commit acts like insider trading

23
GRAFT form of political corruption defined as an
unscrupulous use of a politician's authority for
personal gain. Examples 4. Politician buying
land that he/she knows will soon be needed for
government development. 5. Bribery by another for
personal gain (often difficult to prove).
24
William Boss Tweed
Leader of the Tammany Hall Tweed Ring.
Controlled politics and cheated New York City out
of millions. 1860s 1870s
25
Thomas Nast First real political cartoonist in
US. Credited with getting Boss Tweed cronies
the elephant and donkey as political symbols.
26
Thomas Nast Also is credited for the familiar
image we know as Santa Clause in the red suit
(from the poem Twas the Night Before
Christmas).
27
The Brains that achieved the Tammany Victory at
the Rochester Democratic Convention.
28
A Thomas Nast cartoon lampoons New York City
political boss William Marcy Tweed and his
cronies as vultures.
29
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32
Wholesale and Retail. (Who is the bigger
thief?)
33
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35
William Tweed
After serving 1 year in jail, he was charged with
other crimes, sued by NYC. Fled to Spain. Sent
back to U.S. and sent to prison. Died in Jail in
1878
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