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Japanese Internment

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Japanese Internment 1942-1945 Following the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, why do you think many Americans were suspicious of Japanese Americans? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Japanese Internment


1
Japanese Internment
1942-1945
2
  • Following the attack on
  • Pearl Harbor on
  • December 7, 1941, why do you think many
    Americans were suspicious of Japanese Americans?

3
  • Many people were afraid that Japanese Americans
    that lived
  • on the West Coast might be
  • acting as spies helping
  • Japan attack the U.S.
  • Many Japanese Americans were fishermenWhat
    might this mean?

HOWEVERThere was NEVER any evidence that
Japanese Americans acted as spies during WWII.
4
Relocation
  • On February 19, 1942, President Roosevelt
    issued Executive Order 9066. This forced
    Japanese Americans to move from their homes to
    internment camps.
  • This was to keep them from spying by
    monitoring their lives.
  • Yellow Peril became rampant throughout the U.S.

5
  • 11,000 Japanese families had to sell their homes
    and businesses to relocate to these camps.
    Evacuees were allowed to take only what they
    could carry. What they couldnt sell was just
    left for the taking.

6
  • Japanese Americans were put on buses and shipped
    to one of 10 relocation centers around the
    United States.

7
The barracks were surrounded by barbed wire and
overseen by high wooden watchtowers. Privacy was
almost nonexistent. Evacuees tried to make the
best of it by living their lives with some degree
of normalcy. Schools, libraries, sports teams,
churches, and Americanization classes were
created.
8
  • Originally, FDR considered the relocation
    legal under constitutional powers granted to
    the president during times of war.
  • The Supreme Court supported this claim in the
    case of
  • Korematsu vs. U.S.
  • Later, this was overturned and all camps were
    closed by early 1945.

But did these feelings just go away???
9
An Apology
  • In 1988, the U.S. government apologized to
    Japanese Americans for these internment camps and
    paid all internees 20,000.

10
  • Can you think of two Supreme Court cases that
    supported the issue of prejudice?

11
Answer
  • Dred Scott- 1857
  • The Supreme Court ruled that slaves are
    property, nullifying the Missouri Compromise
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson- 1896
  • The Supreme Court ruled separate but equal
    declaring segregation legal
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