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Urbanization and Immigration

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Urbanization and Immigration Prospect of good jobs and excitement lured millions to cities Urbanization growth of cities New technology let cities expand ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Urbanization and Immigration


1
Urbanization and Immigration
2
  • Prospect of good jobs and excitement lured
    millions to cities
  • Urbanization growth of cities

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4
  • New technology let cities expand vertically
  • Radiator
  • Heat from steam no more fireplaces
  • Elevator
  • Would you want to walk up 15 floors?
  • Steel frame construction
  • Where did the steel come from?

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  • Other technology lets cities spread horizontally
  • Cable Car Subway aka Mass Transit
  • Leads to growth of suburbs
  • Economic segregation
  • rich and poor no longer live close to each other

8
  • Why did people move?
  • Electric lights, streetcars, telephones,
    department stores, new amusements, newspapers,
    and thousands of other things you couldnt get on
    a farm

9
  • Cities arent paradise
  • Especially in Northeast, they become extremely
    cramped
  • NYC builds dumbbell tenements
  • Overcrowded, poorly ventilated, diseased, and
    dangerous

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Immigration
  • Between 1860 and 1920 millions immigrated to the
    U.S.
  • In 1890 4/5 New Yorkers were foreign born
    higher than any other city in the world
  • Push factors
  • Persecution
  • Poverty
  • Political revolutions
  • Pull factors
  • American industry needed labor
  • Cheap land
  • Freedom

13
  • New Immigrants
  • 1880 to 1920 many immigrants came from Southern
    and Eastern Europe
  • Different language
  • Different religion

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Statue of Liberty
  • Given to America by France to commemorate
    Franco-American alliance Dec. of Independence
    dedicated 1886
  • Statue of Liberty was often the first thing
    immigrants saw of America
  • Originally meant as a symbol to inspire other
    Europeans to adopt democratic/republican values
  • A famous poem by Emma Lazarus changed the meaning

16
Colossus of Rhodes
17
  • The New Colossus
  • Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame
  • With conquering limbs astride from land to land
  • Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
  • A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
  • Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
  • Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand
  • Glows world-wide welcome her mild eyes command
  • The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame,
  • "Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries
    she
  • With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your
    poor,
  • Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
  • The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,
  • Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,
  • I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"

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  • Ellis Island
  • As immigration to NYC soared, Congress
    constructed new reception center for newcomers on
    island off Manhattan
  • Average of 5,000 immigrants a day passed through
    over 1 million overall
  • Old Italian saying -- I came to America because
    I heard the streets were paved with gold. When I
    got here, I found out three things First, the
    streets werent paved with gold second, they
    werent paved at all and third, I was expected
    to pave them.

20
  • Life for immigrants was hard
  • Long hours of work, living in tenements
  • Italian immigrants
  • More male immigrants many intended to work a few
    years go back to Italy
  • Jewish immigrants
  • Fleeing pogroms most immigrated as entire
    families
  • Set down roots quickly more likely to succeed
  • Most immigrants lived in ethnic communities in
    cities where language culture was familiar

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Angel Island
  • West coast equivalent to Ellis Island
  • Processed immigrants from China and Japan
  • Asian immigrants were disliked even more than
    new immigrants on East coast

23
The Melting Pot
  • Before it was a restaurant, this was a theory
    regarding immigration
  • Theory argued that as more immigrants came to the
    U.S., their culture would mix with those already
    here to create a new American culture

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Nativist Response
  • Many Americans resented newcomers
  • They worked for low wages
  • Immigrants work for almost nothing
  • Numerous immigrants were illiterate or didnt
    speak English
  • Also, many Americans were anti-Catholic or
    anti-Semitic
  • Stanford professor called immigrants illiterate,
    docile, lacking in self-reliance and initiative,
    and not possessing the Anglo-Teutonic conceptions
    of law, order, and government.
  • Not all Americans agreed New York Nation said
    the Asians greatest sin was perpetuating those
    disgusting habits of thrift, industry, and
    self-denial.

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Chinese Exclusion Act (1882)
  • Workingmens Party in California (led by an
    Irishman) agitated to end Chinese Immigration
  • Ended most Chinese immigration until 1943

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