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UNIT III The Scientific Revolution

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Title: UNIT III The Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment Author: Faculty Last modified by: Rkertesz Created Date: 7/16/2007 6:49:23 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: UNIT III The Scientific Revolution


1
UNIT IIIThe Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment
2
Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment
Renaissance
Protestant Reformation
c.1350
c.1500
c.1700
3
The Scientific Revolution
4
The Scientific Revolution
  • Background
  • Aristotle Church stated
  • man was at the center of
  • the universe
  • desire to control nature
  • Renaissance
  • Protestant Reformation
  • philosophes popularized
  • mercantilists embraced
  • printing press aided

5
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6
Astronomy
  • Aristotle, Ptolemy,
  • Christianity set basis
  • Copernicus
  • On the Revolution of the Heavens
  • Brahe Kepler
  • Galileo

7
Copernicus
8
Medicine
  • Galen
  • Paracelsus
  • Vesalius
  • On the Fabric of the Human Body
  • Harvey
  • On the Motion of the Heart and Blood
  • Early Anatomical Drawing

9
Physics
  • Newtonian physics
  • Invented calculus laws of gravity
  • Wrote Principia
  • Combined Bacons empiricism Descartes
    rationalism
  • Sir Isaac Newton

10
Philosophy of Science
  • Descartes
  • Discourse of Method
  • Cartesian dualism
  • -separation of mind matter
  • deductive method
  • -use of logic

I think therefore I am.
11
Philosophy of Science
  • Francis Bacon
  • Spinoza
  • Ethics
  • Pascal
  • Pensees

Francis Bacon
12
Women in Science
  • Women as rational beings?
  • Margaret Cavendish
  • Maria Winkelmann

Cavendish
13
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14
Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment
Renaissance
Protestant Reformation
c.1350
c.1500
c.1700
15
The Enlightenment
  • Background
  • reason materialism
  • replaced faith superstition
  • rejected traditional Christianity
  • small group of elites
  • criticized the wrongs of society
  • discussed ideas at salons

16
Madame Geoffrins Salon
17
A Parisian Salon
A Parisian Salon
18
The Enlightenment
  • Immanuel Kant
  • Dare to know
  • free yourselves from the shackles
  • of the past
  • Bernard Fontanelle
  • popularized movement
  • no longer monopoly of experts
  • Newton Locke
  • sci. reasoning tabula rasa

19
Philosophes
  • John Locke
  • Montesquieu
  • Voltaire
  • Denis Diderot
  • David Hume
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Adam Smith
  • Francois Quesnay
  • Mary Wollstonecraft

20
Pages from Diderots Encyclopedie
21
Pages from Diderots Encyclopedie
22
18th Century Social Developments
  • Social Reforms
  • hospitals, prisons, etc
  • History
  • Religion
  • John Wesley Methodism

23
18th Century Cultural Developments
  • Rococo Architecture
  • Balthasar Neuman
  • Music
  • Bach Handel (1600-1750)
  • Mozart Haydn (1750-1830)
  • Beethoven (1830-1850)

24
Scientific Revolution
Enlightenment
French Revolution
Protestant Reformation
c.1500
c.1700
c.1800
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